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Hancock County, Indiana

Named in 1828 for John Hancock, signer of the Declaration of Independence

County Seat: Greenfield

Largest City: Greenfield (2019 population: 23,006)

Population per Square Mile: 255.45

Square Miles: 306.00

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)70,060231.1%6,484,051
Today (2019)78,168221.2%6,731,010
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*91,967181.3%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today11.6%6 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration1,4574 3,997
Net International Migration1844 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)215171.2%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2019NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)4,628225.9%6.2%
School Age (5 to 17)13,6022117.4%17.1%
College Age (18 to 24)5,989237.7%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)19,6902025.2%25.5%
Older Adult (45 to 64)21,3841927.4%25.2%
Seniors (65 and older)12,8752216.5%16.1%
Median Age40.1  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2019NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone249280.3%0.4%
Asian Alone704270.9%2.6%
Black Alone2,487223.2%9.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone36270.0%0.1%
White73,3811993.9%84.8%
Two or More Race Groups1,311231.7%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic76,1362097.4%92.7%
Hispanic2,032332.6%7.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (Includes detail not shown below)28,74022100.0%100.0%
Married With Children6,9521624.2%18.5%
Married Without Children9,8012234.1%29.7%
Single Parents2,096257.3%9.3%
Living Alone6,6292423.1%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)31,17123100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)30,15824100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
22,7742075.5%61.5%
Median Value (2019)$169,30010  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
5,9662419.8%27.5%
Median Rent (2019)$7577  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 14,484181.3%1,111,333
Public14,195181.4%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2019 ACS)51,482221.2%4,430,493
with High School diploma or higher92.9%7 88.8%
with B.A. or higher degree30.8%9 26.5%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$52,1349107.1%48,678
Median Household Income in 201977,9055135.2%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 20195.2%9043.7%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 185.7%9037.7%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201922550.4%5,235
Food Stamp Recipients in 20193,027330.5%581,821
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20204,002280.8%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017843221.0%82,170
Births to Teens, 201727470.5%5,152
Deaths, 2017659261.0%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force40,470211.2%3,387,366
Employed39,317211.2%3,275,056
Unemployed1,153221.0%112,310
Annual Unemployment Rate2.87184.8%3.3
November 2020 Unemployment Rate3.95779.6%4.9

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work37,467100.0%$1,849,397100.0%$49,361
Wage and Salary27,92474.5%$1,322,99471.5%$47,378
Farm Proprietors5071.4%$10,0950.5%$19,911
Nonfarm Proprietors9,03624.1%$199,67710.8%$22,098
Farm6351.7%$13,8080.7%$21,745
Nonfarm36,83298.3%$1,835,58999.3%$49,837
Private32,30386.2%$1,558,71084.3%$48,253
  Accommodation, Food Serv.2,7837.4%$61,8033.3%$22,207
  Arts, Ent., Recreation6221.7%$5,3370.3%$8,580
  Construction2,8487.6%$179,4899.7%$63,023
  Health Care, Social Serv.2,7847.4%$114,7996.2%$41,235
  Information3100.8%$16,2720.9%$52,490
  Manufacturing5,29814.1%$498,79027.0%$94,147
  Professional, Tech. Serv.2,2295.9%$134,0027.2%$60,118
  Retail Trade3,4959.3%$97,2805.3%$27,834
  Trans., Warehousing1,9425.2%$90,1654.9%$46,429
  Wholesale Trade1,5884.2%$99,5815.4%$62,708
  Other Private (not above)8,40422.4%$261,19214.1%$31,079
Government4,52912.1%$276,87915.0%$61,135

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed566100.0%100.0%$152,427$4,988,366
Single-Family56299.3%73.1%$152,327$4,298,385
2-Family40.7%1.6%100$48,202
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.7%$0$26,551
5+ Family00.0%24.6%$0$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Hancock County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
Cumberland3,2494.2%*
Fortville4,1625.3%*
Greenfield23,00629.4%
McCordsville7,4799.6%
New Palestine2,5593.3%
Shirley6790.9%*
Spring Lake2280.3%
Wilkinson4540.6%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph