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Orange County, Indiana

Named in 1816 for a county in North Carolina

County Seat: Paoli

Largest City: Paoli (2013 population: 3,659)

Population per Square Mile: 49.26

Square Miles: 398.40

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)19,840740.3%6,483,797
Today (2014)19,626740.3%6,596,855
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*20,198730.3%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-1.1%53 1.7%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2012-2013NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration5720 -1,515
Net International Migration655 10,400
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)23650.1%25,233

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2013NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,105725.6%6.4%
School Age (5 to 17)3,6517118.5%17.7%
College Age (18 to 24)1,563757.9%10.1%
Young Adult (25 to 44)4,4717522.6%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)5,6517328.6%26.4%
Seniors (65 and older)3,3327416.9%13.9%
Median Age41.4  Median Age = 37.4

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2013NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone68630.3%0.4%
Asian Alone73720.4%1.9%
Black Alone232511.2%9.5%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone2800.0%0.1%
White19,1427496.8%86.3%
Two or More Race Groups256581.3%1.8%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic19,5367298.8%93.6%
Hispanic237801.2%6.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2013 (Includes detail not shown below)7,68874100.0%100.0%
Married With Children1,5717120.4%19.8%
Married Without Children2,5377633.0%30.1%
Single Parents635728.3%9.8%
Living Alone2,1107127.4%27.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2013 (estimate)9,05972100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2013 (includes vacant units)9,13372100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
5,7367462.8%62.0%
Median Value (2013)$88,10078  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
1,9526721.4%26.6%
Median Rent (2013)$39086  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2012/2013 Total Reported) 3,408690.3%1,115,499
Public3,408680.3%1,039,411
Adults (25+ in 2013 ACS)13,334750.3%4,258,878
with High School diploma or higher80.4%87 87.2%
with B.A. or higher degree12.6%72 23.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2013$33,1837285.9%38,622
Median Household Income in 201339,4118683.0%$47,508
Poverty Rate in 201316.8%25106.3%15.8%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1827.6%14126.0%21.9%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201326670.2%11,711
Food Stamp Recipients in 20133,274600.4%922,273
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 20131,814650.4%509,427

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2012211720.3%83,250
Births to Teens, 201216760.2%7,431
Deaths, 2013222710.4%60,445

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2013NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force10,081690.3%3,191,866
Employed9,250690.3%2,947,114
Unemployed831680.3%244,752
Annual Unemployment Rate8.228106.5%7.7
January 2015 Unemployment Rate8.51139.3%6.1

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2013 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work9,492100.0%$364,831100.0%$38,436
Wage and Salary7,92983.5%$250,33968.6%$31,573
Farm Proprietors4004.2%$20,1105.5%$50,275
Nonfarm Proprietors1,16312.3%$32,5938.9%$28,025
Farm5005.3%$23,4016.4%$46,802
Nonfarm8,99294.7%$341,43093.6%$37,970
Private7,94283.7%$294,06980.6%$37,027
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,96720.7%$60,74716.7%$30,883
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1982.1%$3,2850.9%$16,591
  Construction8298.7%$52,79814.5%$63,689
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Information750.8%$1,9910.5%$26,547
  Manufacturing1,33014.0%$56,00815.4%$42,111
  Professional, Tech. Serv.1281.3%$3,4020.9%$26,578
  Retail Trade8058.5%$19,4905.3%$24,211
  Trans., Warehousing2732.9%$9,6482.6%$35,341
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)1,082*11.4%*$34,699*9.5%*$32,069*
Government1,05011.1%$47,36113.0%$45,106

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2013UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed4100.0%100.0%$791$3,065,788
Single-Family4100.0%67.3%$791$2,631,508
2-Family00.0%2.2%0$38,302
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$13,598
5+ Family00.0%29.6%$0$382,380

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Orange County

NamePopulation
in 2013
Percent of County
French Lick1,8089.2%
Orleans2,14510.9%
Paoli3,65918.5%
West Baden Springs5682.9%
city graph