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Union County, Indiana

Organized in 1821 from pieces of Fayette, Franklin and Wayne counties and named for the resulting "union"

County Seat: Liberty

Largest City: Liberty (2014 population: 2,056)

Population per Square Mile: 44.95

Square Miles: 161.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)7,516910.1%6,483,797
Today (2014)7,246910.1%6,596,855
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*7,632910.1%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-3.6%92 1.7%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2013-2014NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-7649 -7,849
Net International Migration082 10,472
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)4700.0%24,994

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2013NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)365915.0%6.4%
School Age (5 to 17)1,3419118.4%17.7%
College Age (18 to 24)587918.1%10.1%
Young Adult (25 to 44)1,6129122.2%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)2,1689129.8%26.4%
Seniors (65 and older)1,2049116.5%13.9%
Median Age42.5  Median Age = 37.4

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2013NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone23890.3%0.4%
Asian Alone20920.3%1.9%
Black Alone47880.6%9.5%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone3760.0%0.1%
White7,0889197.4%86.3%
Two or More Race Groups96871.3%1.8%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic7,1809198.7%93.6%
Hispanic97901.3%6.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2013 (Includes detail not shown below)2,94391100.0%100.0%
Married With Children6659122.6%19.8%
Married Without Children9929133.7%30.1%
Single Parents193916.6%9.8%
Living Alone8469028.7%27.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2014 (estimate)3,22591100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2013 (includes vacant units)3,23191100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,2409169.3%62.0%
Median Value (2013)$103,20054  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
7039121.8%26.6%
Median Rent (2013)$41881  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2012/2013 Total Reported) 1,495890.1%1,115,499
Public1,495890.1%1,039,411
Adults (25+ in 2013 ACS)5,009910.1%4,258,878
with High School diploma or higher85.4%57 87.2%
with B.A. or higher degree18.4%26 23.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2013$39,55323102.4%38,622
Median Household Income in 201345,4115695.6%$47,508
Poverty Rate in 201313.1%5182.9%15.8%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1821.2%3796.8%21.9%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201315860.1%11,711
Food Stamp Recipients in 20131,067900.1%922,273
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2013680900.1%509,427

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 201367910.1%83,115
Births to Teens, 2013N/AN/AN/AN/A
Deaths, 201388900.1%60,445

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2014NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force3,581910.1%3,230,540
Employed3,379910.1%3,035,581
Unemployed202920.1%194,959
Annual Unemployment Rate5.65193.3%6.0
March 2015 Unemployment Rate5.55093.2%5.9

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2013 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work2,686100.0%$103,836100.0%$38,658
Wage and Salary1,47154.8%$44,69243.0%$30,382
Farm Proprietors1897.0%$29,00327.9%$153,455
Nonfarm Proprietors1,02638.2%$16,53615.9%$16,117
Farm2178.1%$29,81828.7%$137,410
Nonfarm2,46991.9%$74,01871.3%$29,979
Private1,98373.8%$53,15751.2%$26,806
  Accommodation, Food Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Arts, Ent., RecreationData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Construction1766.6%$5,6995.5%$32,381
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Information230.9%$00.0%$0
  Manufacturing2398.9%$11,95311.5%$50,013
  Professional, Tech. Serv.742.8%$1,1331.1%$15,311
  Retail Trade29911.1%$5,7695.6%$19,294
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade933.5%$3,4983.4%$37,613
  Other Private (not above)293*10.9%*$8,295*8.0%*$28,311*
Government48618.1%$20,86120.1%$42,924

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2014UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed3100.0%100.0%$675$3,222,176
Single-Family3100.0%68.1%$675$2,748,532
2-Family00.0%2.0%0$40,304
3- and 4-Family00.0%1.1%$0$18,185
5+ Family00.0%28.7%$0$415,155

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Union County

NamePopulation
in 2014
Percent of County
Liberty2,05628.4%
West College Corner6509.0%
city graph