STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Adams County, Indiana

Named in 1836 in honor of sixth U.S. president John Quincy Adams

County Seat: Decatur

Largest City: Decatur (2019 population: 9,858)

Population per Square Mile: 105.54

Square Miles: 339.00

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)34,384450.5%6,484,192
Today (2019)35,777440.5%6,732,219
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*36,868430.5%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today4.1%18 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-23983 3,997
Net International Migration861 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)415102.2%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2018NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)3,327299.3%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)7,8273222.0%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)3,009478.4%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)7,9654722.4%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)7,9845322.4%25.6%
Seniors (65 and older)5,5245115.5%15.8%
Median Age33.7  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2018NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone115510.3%0.4%
Asian Alone131600.4%2.5%
Black Alone214590.6%9.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone17450.0%0.1%
White34,8404397.8%85.1%
Two or More Race Groups319580.9%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic33,9884495.4%92.9%
Hispanic1,648364.6%7.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2018 (Includes detail not shown below)12,47651100.0%100.0%
Married With Children3,0603624.5%18.6%
Married Without Children3,8645631.0%29.9%
Single Parents958547.7%9.5%
Living Alone3,2615126.1%28.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)13,40353100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2018 (includes vacant units)13,22653100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
9,6344972.8%61.3%
Median Value (2018)$122,40039  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,8425221.5%27.6%
Median Rent (2018)$47975  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 4,896530.4%1,111,333
Public4,346560.4%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2018 ACS)21,160530.5%4,399,815
with High School diploma or higher84.1%82 88.6%
with B.A. or higher degree15.3%60 25.9%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2018$39,1677183.1%47,149
Median Household Income in 201856,69337101.7%$55,725
Poverty Rate in 201811.6%4689.2%13.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1821.7%18124.0%17.5%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201917670.3%5,235
Food Stamp Recipients in 20191,889600.3%581,821
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20201,652650.3%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017693280.8%82,170
Births to Teens, 201728450.5%5,152
Deaths, 2017316590.5%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force17,255460.5%3,387,366
Employed16,785460.5%3,275,056
Unemployed470520.4%112,310
Annual Unemployment Rate2.77581.8%3.3
April 2020 Unemployment Rate20.715121.1%17.1

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2018 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work21,391100.0%$1,020,371100.0%$47,701
Wage and Salary15,10870.6%$593,10258.1%$39,257
Farm Proprietors1,2455.8%$43,1184.2%$34,633
Nonfarm Proprietors5,03823.6%$230,34522.6%$45,722
Farm1,5667.3%$53,4615.2%$34,139
Nonfarm19,82592.7%$966,91094.8%$48,772
Private17,55482.1%$851,10883.4%$48,485
  Accommodation, Food Serv.9574.5%$14,7461.4%$15,409
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1390.6%$1,2220.1%$8,791
  Construction2,23310.4%$174,48117.1%$78,137
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,1595.4%$41,6574.1%$35,942
  Information2411.1%$22,2422.2%$92,290
  Manufacturing5,44625.5%$346,67734.0%$63,657
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade1,9589.2%$61,9206.1%$31,624
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade5132.4%$34,7813.4%$67,799
  Other Private (not above)3,607*16.9%*$97,531*9.6%*$27,039*
Government2,27110.6%$115,80211.3%$50,992

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed53100.0%100.0%$8,741$4,988,366
Single-Family4177.4%73.1%$8,041$4,298,385
2-Family00.0%1.6%0$48,202
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.7%$0$26,551
5+ Family1222.6%24.6%$700$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Adams County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
Berne4,24711.9%
Decatur9,85827.6%
Geneva1,3593.8%
Monroe8832.5%
city graph