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Clay County, Indiana

Named for statesman and senator Henry Clay, author of the 1850 Missouri Compromise

County Seat: Brazil

Largest City: Brazil (2013 population: 8,171)

Population per Square Mile: 74.30

Square Miles: 357.50

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)26,888590.4%6,483,797
Today (2014)26,562590.4%6,596,855
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*27,066590.4%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-1.2%61 1.7%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2012-2013NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-12564 -1,515
Net International Migration850 10,400
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)33550.1%25,233

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2013NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,608596.0%6.4%
School Age (5 to 17)4,6346017.3%17.7%
College Age (18 to 24)2,189608.2%10.1%
Young Adult (25 to 44)6,5005824.3%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)7,5126028.0%26.4%
Seniors (65 and older)4,3605916.3%13.9%
Median Age40.7  Median Age = 37.4

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2013NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone64650.2%0.4%
Asian Alone103580.4%1.9%
Black Alone163620.6%9.5%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone10520.0%0.1%
White26,2195997.8%86.3%
Two or More Race Groups244620.9%1.8%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic26,4715998.8%93.6%
Hispanic332741.2%6.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2013 (Includes detail not shown below)10,23060100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,2515722.0%19.8%
Married Without Children3,7495736.6%30.1%
Single Parents800627.8%9.8%
Living Alone2,4096223.5%27.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2013 (estimate)11,65259100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2013 (includes vacant units)11,68160100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
7,7926066.7%62.0%
Median Value (2013)$91,30072  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,4385820.9%26.6%
Median Rent (2013)$48052  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2012/2013 Total Reported) 4,406600.4%1,115,499
Public4,406580.4%1,039,411
Adults (25+ in 2013 ACS)18,288590.4%4,258,878
with High School diploma or higher86.6%40 87.2%
with B.A. or higher degree14%60 23.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2013$34,2776488.7%38,622
Median Household Income in 201347,0304499.0%$47,508
Poverty Rate in 201315.0%3594.9%15.8%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1822.7%33103.7%21.9%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201346470.4%11,711
Food Stamp Recipients in 20134,049500.4%922,273
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 20132,288530.4%509,427

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2012320580.4%83,250
Births to Teens, 201232580.4%7,431
Deaths, 2013313550.5%60,445

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2013NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force12,205630.4%3,191,866
Employed11,145630.4%2,947,114
Unemployed1,060560.4%244,752
Annual Unemployment Rate8.718113.0%7.7
January 2015 Unemployment Rate7.61124.6%6.1

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2013 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work12,669100.0%$416,784100.0%$32,898
Wage and Salary8,07863.8%$249,15959.8%$30,844
Farm Proprietors5514.3%$35,4488.5%$64,334
Nonfarm Proprietors4,04031.9%$60,39614.5%$14,950
Farm6315.0%$38,3059.2%$60,705
Nonfarm12,03895.0%$378,47990.8%$31,440
Private10,66184.2%$319,12776.6%$29,934
  Accommodation, Food Serv.6675.3%$9,0682.2%$13,595
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1611.3%$7140.2%$4,435
  Construction8126.4%$20,6935.0%$25,484
  Health Care, Social Serv.8526.7%$30,0987.2%$35,326
  Information660.5%$2,0790.5%$31,500
  Manufacturing2,78822.0%$138,01333.1%$49,503
  Professional, Tech. Serv.3162.5%$6,8201.6%$21,582
  Retail Trade1,52812.1%$29,0017.0%$18,980
  Trans., Warehousing4463.5%$17,9424.3%$40,229
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)2,376*18.8%*$48,563*11.7%*$20,439*
Government1,37710.9%$59,35214.2%$43,102

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2013UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed18100.0%100.0%$2,105$3,065,788
Single-Family1688.9%67.3%$1,980$2,631,508
2-Family211.1%2.2%125$38,302
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$13,598
5+ Family00.0%29.6%$0$382,380

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Clay County

NamePopulation
in 2013
Percent of County
Brazil8,17130.5%
Carbon3901.5%
Center Point2420.9%
Clay City8503.2%
Harmony6502.4%
Knightsville8663.2%
Staunton5282.0%
city graph