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Clay County, Indiana

Named for statesman and senator Henry Clay, author of the 1850 Missouri Compromise

County Seat: Brazil

Largest City: Brazil (2013 population: 8,171)

Population per Square Mile: 74.97

Square Miles: 357.50

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)26,888590.4%6,483,797
Today (2013)26,803590.4%6,570,902
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*27,066590.4%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-0.3%45 1.3%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2012-2013NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-12564 -1,179
Net International Migration850 9,404
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)33550.1%25,992

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2013NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,608596.0%6.4%
School Age (5 to 17)4,6346017.3%17.7%
College Age (18 to 24)2,189608.2%10.1%
Young Adult (25 to 44)6,5005824.3%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)7,5126028.0%26.4%
Seniors (65 and older)4,3605916.3%13.9%
Median Age40.7  Median Age = 37.4

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2013NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone64650.2%0.4%
Asian Alone103580.4%1.9%
Black Alone163620.6%9.5%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone10520.0%0.1%
White26,2195997.8%86.3%
Two or More Race Groups244620.9%1.8%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic26,4715998.8%93.6%
Hispanic332741.2%6.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2012 (Includes detail not shown below)10,12860100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,2525822.2%20.2%
Married Without Children3,8875438.4%30.1%
Single Parents803667.9%9.8%
Living Alone2,3436223.1%27.6%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2013 (estimate)11,65259100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2012 (includes vacant units)11,71060100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
7,9356067.8%62.6%
Median Value (2012)$87,80079  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,1936318.7%26.1%
Median Rent (2012)$47452  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2012/2013 Total Reported) 4,406600.4%1,115,499
Public4,406580.4%1,039,411
Adults (25+ in 2012 ACS)18,191590.4%4,229,138
with High School diploma or higher87.2%32 87%
with B.A. or higher degree13.2%69 23%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2012$33,0226986.6%38,119
Median Household Income in 201244,2305694.2%$46,954
Poverty Rate in 201215.6%33100.6%15.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1822.9%32103.6%22.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201346470.4%11,711
Food Stamp Recipients in 20134,049500.4%922,273
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 20132,288530.4%509,427

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2012320580.4%83,250
Births to Teens, 201232580.4%7,431
Deaths, 2012271610.5%59,168

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2013NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force12,205630.4%3,179,935
Employed11,145630.4%2,940,897
Unemployed1,060560.4%239,038
Annual Unemployment Rate8.718116.0%7.5
September 2014 Unemployment Rate5.91111.3%5.3

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Earnings by Industry, 2012 Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
IMPORTANT: The BEA is no longer producing employment by industry for counties. For more information on the loss of data due to
sequestration, go to http://www.bea.gov/about/pdf/bea_fy2013_budget_impact.pdf.
Total by place of work$373,275100.0%
Wage and Salary$245,62865.8%
Farm Proprietors$6,5071.7%
Nonfarm Proprietors$54,25514.5%
Farm$8,7322.3%
Nonfarm$364,54397.7%
Private$305,28881.8%
  Accommodation, Food Serv.$8,8222.4%
  Arts, Ent., Recreation$5440.1%
  Construction$17,8724.8%
  Health Care, Social Serv.$00.0%
  Information$1,8970.5%
  Manufacturing$136,51036.6%
  Professional, Tech. Serv.$6,6111.8%
  Retail Trade$27,3257.3%
  Trans., Warehousing$17,5024.7%
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)$43,573*11.7%*
Government$59,25515.9%

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2013UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed18100.0%100.0%$2,105$3,065,788
Single-Family1688.9%67.3%$1,980$2,631,508
2-Family211.1%2.2%125$38,302
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$13,598
5+ Family00.0%29.6%$0$382,380

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Clay County

NamePopulation
in 2013
Percent of County
Brazil8,17130.5%
Carbon3901.5%
Center Point2420.9%
Clay City8503.2%
Harmony6502.4%
Knightsville8663.2%
Staunton5282.0%
city graph