STATS Indiana

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Clay County, Indiana

Named for statesman and senator Henry Clay, author of the 1850 Missouri Compromise

County Seat: Brazil

Largest City: Brazil (2018 population: 8,064)

Population per Square Mile: 73.20

Square Miles: 357.50

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)26,884590.4%6,484,192
Today (2018)26,170600.4%6,691,878
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*27,066590.4%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-2.7%69 3.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2017-2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration543 3,555
Net International Migration-181 9,227
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)13580.1%19,211

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2018NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,624606.2%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)4,4006016.8%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)1,947617.4%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)6,3396024.2%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)7,1856027.5%25.6%
Seniors (65 and older)4,6756217.9%15.8%
Median Age41.1  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2018NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone75680.3%0.4%
Asian Alone96640.4%2.5%
Black Alone189630.7%9.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone12530.0%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups331561.3%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2017 (Includes detail not shown below)10,68058100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,3825122.3%18.8%
Married Without Children3,6126033.8%30.0%
Single Parents869598.1%9.6%
Living Alone2,6585924.9%28.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2018 (estimate)11,78460100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2017 (includes vacant units)11,78760100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2017)$96,00069  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2017)$44281  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2018/2019 Total Reported) 4,183600.4%1,117,590
Adults (25+ in 2017 ACS)18,220590.4%4,369,451
with High School diploma or higher90.7%16 88.3%
with B.A. or higher degree16.6%49 25.3%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2017$36,8017381.5%45,150
Median Household Income in 201750,7465693.7%$54,134
Poverty Rate in 201711.2%5184.2%13.3%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1818.1%38101.7%17.8%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201830450.5%6,032
Food Stamp Recipients in 20182,684440.4%605,854
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2018/20192,274540.4%514,915

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017317590.4%82,170
Births to Teens, 201725510.5%5,152
Deaths, 2017316590.5%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force12,332620.4%3,381,713
Annual Unemployment Rate3.916114.7%3.4
August 2019 Unemployment Rate3.89118.8%3.2

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2017 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work10,915100.0%$425,315100.0%$38,966
Wage and Salary8,15774.7%$294,69069.3%$36,127
Farm Proprietors5054.6%$9830.2%$1,947
Nonfarm Proprietors2,25320.6%$46,20310.9%$20,507
  Accommodation, Food Serv.7196.6%$10,8412.5%$15,078
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1051.0%$9130.2%$8,695
  Health Care, Social Serv.5915.4%$28,7416.8%$48,631
  Professional, Tech. Serv.2412.2%$6,8571.6%$28,452
  Retail Trade1,26811.6%$28,9696.8%$22,846
  Trans., Warehousing3613.3%$20,5284.8%$56,864
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)1,572*14.4%*$38,490*9.0%*$24,485*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2018UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed2100.0%100.0%$305$4,879,857
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.2%$0$6,163
5+ Family00.0%21.4%$0$555,144

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Clay County

in 2018
Percent of County
Center Point2300.9%
Clay City8243.1%
city graph