STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Clay County, Indiana

Named for statesman and senator Henry Clay, author of the 1850 Missouri Compromise

County Seat: Brazil

Largest City: Brazil (2021 population: 8,154)

Population per Square Mile: 73.87

Square Miles: 357.50

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)26,896590.4%6,484,050
Today (2021)26,410590.4%6,805,985
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*26,885600.4%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-1.8%59 5.0%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration564 14,280
Net International Migration177 4,756
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-3435-4.9%692

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,620576.1%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)4,4736016.9%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)1,886627.1%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)6,4655924.5%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)6,9835926.4%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)4,9836118.9%16.4%
Median Age41.2  Median Age = 38.1

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone99610.4%0.4%
Asian Alone103660.4%2.7%
Black Alone208650.8%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone11610.0%0.1%
White25,5895996.9%84.2%
Two or More Race Groups400491.5%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic25,9095998.1%92.3%
Hispanic501691.9%7.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2020 (Includes detail not shown below)10,45459100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,0115919.2%18.3%
Married Without Children3,6725735.1%29.8%
Single Parents1,026519.8%9.3%
Living Alone2,4686423.6%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)11,63560100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2020 (includes vacant units)11,77360100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
8,1905969.6%62.3%
Median Value (2020)$104,20073  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,2646019.2%27.4%
Median Rent (2020)$49673  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 4,014620.4%1,120,155
Public4,014600.4%1,036,519
Adults (25+ in 2020 ACS)18,224590.4%4,466,180
with High School diploma or higher90.8%24 89.3%
with B.A. or higher degree16.5%56 27.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2020$41,9417980.8%51,926
Median Household Income in 202056,4225992.8%$60,794
Poverty Rate in 20209.8%5684.5%11.6%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1816.7%27112.1%14.9%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202128390.4%6,453
Food Stamp Recipients in 20212,729430.4%636,675
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20202,214550.4%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019318580.4%80,859
Births to Teens, 201725510.5%5,152
Deaths, 2019277650.4%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force11,473630.3%3,321,548
Employed11,063630.3%3,203,166
Unemployed410560.3%118,382
Annual Unemployment Rate3.623100.0%3.6
August 2022 Unemployment Rate3.68116.1%3.1

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2020 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work10,521100.0%$455,441100.0%$43,289
Wage and Salary7,96475.7%$304,39566.8%$38,221
Farm Proprietors5014.8%$25,3005.6%$50,499
Nonfarm Proprietors2,05619.5%$38,0118.3%$18,488
Farm5635.4%$26,9725.9%$47,908
Nonfarm9,95894.6%$428,46994.1%$43,028
Private8,64882.2%$363,36579.8%$42,017
  Accommodation, Food Serv.6536.2%$10,4322.3%$15,975
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1081.0%$9020.2%$8,352
  Construction5245.0%$18,4064.0%$35,126
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Information720.7%$3,6930.8%$51,292
  Manufacturing2,72225.9%$168,44237.0%$61,882
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade1,25411.9%$35,5127.8%$28,319
  Trans., Warehousing3323.2%$18,5844.1%$55,976
  Wholesale Trade1221.2%$8,2901.8%$67,951
  Other Private (not above)1,622*15.4%*$48,081*10.6%*$29,643*
Government1,31012.5%$65,10414.3%$49,698

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed14100.0%100.0%$2,245$7,583,249
Single-Family1285.7%74.4%$2,115$6,692,956
2-Family214.3%2.4%130$117,031
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$30,324
5+ Family00.0%22.7%$0$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Clay County

NamePopulation
in 2021
Percent of County
Brazil8,15430.9%
Carbon2591.0%
Center Point2150.8%
Clay City8793.3%
Harmony6812.6%
Knightsville6892.6%
Staunton4711.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph