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Clay County, Indiana

Named for statesman and senator Henry Clay, author of the 1850 Missouri Compromise

County Seat: Brazil

Largest City: Brazil (2018 population: 8,064)

Population per Square Mile: 73.20

Square Miles: 357.50

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)26,884590.4%6,484,192
Today (2018)26,170600.4%6,691,878
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*27,066590.4%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-2.7%69 3.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2017-2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration543 3,555
Net International Migration-181 9,227
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)13580.1%19,211

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2018NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,624606.2%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)4,4006016.8%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)1,947617.4%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)6,3396024.2%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)7,1856027.5%25.6%
Seniors (65 and older)4,6756217.9%15.8%
Median Age41.1  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2018NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone75680.3%0.4%
Asian Alone96640.4%2.5%
Black Alone189630.7%9.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone12530.0%0.1%
White25,4676097.3%85.1%
Two or More Race Groups331561.3%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic25,7976098.6%92.9%
Hispanic373731.4%7.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2017 (Includes detail not shown below)10,68058100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,3825122.3%18.8%
Married Without Children3,6126033.8%30.0%
Single Parents869598.1%9.6%
Living Alone2,6585924.9%28.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2018 (estimate)11,78460100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2017 (includes vacant units)11,78760100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
8,1935869.5%61.2%
Median Value (2017)$96,00069  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,4876021.1%27.7%
Median Rent (2017)$44281  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2018/2019 Total Reported) 4,183600.4%1,117,590
Public4,183590.4%1,054,903
Adults (25+ in 2017 ACS)18,220590.4%4,369,451
with High School diploma or higher90.7%16 88.3%
with B.A. or higher degree16.6%49 25.3%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2018$38,6157681.9%47,149
Median Household Income in 201750,7465693.7%$54,134
Poverty Rate in 201711.2%5184.2%13.3%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1818.1%38101.7%17.8%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201830450.5%6,032
Food Stamp Recipients in 20182,684440.4%605,854
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2018/20192,274540.4%514,915

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017317590.4%82,170
Births to Teens, 201725510.5%5,152
Deaths, 2017316590.5%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force12,332620.4%3,381,713
Employed11,850620.4%3,265,580
Unemployed482560.4%116,133
Annual Unemployment Rate3.916114.7%3.4
September 2019 Unemployment Rate2.928103.6%2.8

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2018 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work11,151100.0%$439,606100.0%$39,423
Wage and Salary8,36175.0%$301,18168.5%$36,022
Farm Proprietors4964.4%$7,9291.8%$15,986
Nonfarm Proprietors2,29420.6%$47,41110.8%$20,667
Farm5745.1%$10,1512.3%$17,685
Nonfarm10,57794.9%$429,45597.7%$40,603
Private9,19082.4%$366,98283.5%$39,933
  Accommodation, Food Serv.7436.7%$11,0302.5%$14,845
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1010.9%$9100.2%$9,010
  Construction5474.9%$20,1344.6%$36,808
  Health Care, Social Serv.6325.7%$29,1676.6%$46,150
  Information670.6%$3,2030.7%$47,806
  Manufacturing2,98826.8%$178,11240.5%$59,609
  Professional, Tech. Serv.2492.2%$6,6721.5%$26,795
  Retail Trade1,26011.3%$29,9396.8%$23,761
  Trans., Warehousing4013.6%$20,8374.7%$51,963
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)1,605*14.4%*$41,078*9.3%*$25,594*
Government1,38712.4%$62,47314.2%$45,042

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2018UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed2100.0%100.0%$305$4,879,857
Single-Family2100.0%76.4%$305$4,269,197
2-Family00.0%2.0%0$49,353
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.2%$0$6,163
5+ Family00.0%21.4%$0$555,144

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Clay County

NamePopulation
in 2018
Percent of County
Brazil8,06430.8%
Carbon3831.5%
Center Point2300.9%
Clay City8243.1%
Harmony6262.4%
Knightsville7632.9%
Staunton5192.0%
city graph