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Clay County, Indiana

Named for statesman and senator Henry Clay, author of the 1850 Missouri Compromise

County Seat: Brazil

Largest City: Brazil (2017 population: 8,078)

Population per Square Mile: 73.28

Square Miles: 357.50

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)26,887590.4%6,484,192
Today (2017)26,198600.4%6,666,818
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*27,066590.4%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-2.6%68 2.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2016-2017NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-4050 -976
Net International Migration-282 11,410
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)38480.2%22,545

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2017NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,632606.2%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)4,3896016.8%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)2,022607.7%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)6,3436024.2%25.3%
Older Adult (45 to 64)7,2536027.7%25.9%
Seniors (65 and older)4,5596217.4%15.4%
Median Age40.9  Median Age = 37.7

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2017NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone78650.3%0.4%
Asian Alone90670.3%2.4%
Black Alone183620.7%9.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone13510.0%0.1%
White25,5226097.4%85.4%
Two or More Race Groups312571.2%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic25,8376098.6%93.0%
Hispanic361741.4%7.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2016 (Includes detail not shown below)10,54157100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,3815022.6%19.0%
Married Without Children3,5626033.8%30.0%
Single Parents908578.6%9.7%
Living Alone2,4366023.1%28.2%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2017 (estimate)11,78660100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2016 (includes vacant units)11,69759100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
7,9206067.7%61.0%
Median Value (2016)$96,60066  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,6215722.4%27.8%
Median Rent (2016)$45473  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2016/2017 Total Reported) 4,228600.4%1,110,866
Public4,228590.4%1,048,879
Adults (25+ in 2016 ACS)18,248590.4%4,339,687
with High School diploma or higher89.7%19 88.1%
with B.A. or higher degree16.9%46 24.6%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2016$35,5327782.4%43,097
Median Household Income in 201650,1855396.0%$52,289
Poverty Rate in 201614.2%30101.4%14.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1821.2%28111.0%19.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201728510.4%6,790
Food Stamp Recipients in 20172,929450.4%656,297
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2016/20172,220530.4%495,330

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2016312600.4%83,063
Births to Teens, 201635330.7%5,294
Deaths, 2016312570.5%63,492

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2017NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force12,204620.4%3,320,409
Employed11,743620.4%3,203,351
Unemployed461570.4%117,058
Annual Unemployment Rate3.826108.6%3.5
September 2018 Unemployment Rate3.88126.7%3.0

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2016 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work11,066100.0%$415,049100.0%$37,507
Wage and Salary8,27674.8%$281,03667.7%$33,958
Farm Proprietors5124.6%$8,0331.9%$15,689
Nonfarm Proprietors2,27820.6%$44,95410.8%$19,734
Farm5685.1%$9,7172.3%$17,107
Nonfarm10,49894.9%$405,33297.7%$38,610
Private9,12682.5%$344,17982.9%$37,714
  Accommodation, Food Serv.7056.4%$10,2342.5%$14,516
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1101.0%$8880.2%$8,073
  Construction5164.7%$17,6014.2%$34,110
  Health Care, Social Serv.6596.0%$29,0657.0%$44,105
  Information750.7%$3,0580.7%$40,773
  Manufacturing2,90126.2%$165,37139.8%$57,005
  Professional, Tech. Serv.2422.2%$5,9831.4%$24,723
  Retail Trade1,29611.7%$29,3017.1%$22,609
  Trans., Warehousing3813.4%$19,8574.8%$52,118
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)1,594*14.4%*$37,539*9.0%*$23,550*
Government1,37212.4%$61,15314.7%$44,572

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2017UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed0N/A100%$04,583,500
Single-Family0N/A74.2%$0$4,038,599
2-Family0N/A2.0%$0$62,844
3- and 4-Family0N/A0.4%$0$0
5+ Family0N/A23.4%$0$469,056

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Clay County

NamePopulation
in 2017
Percent of County
Brazil8,07830.8%
Carbon3841.5%
Center Point2320.9%
Clay City8233.1%
Harmony6242.4%
Knightsville7662.9%
Staunton5132.0%
city graph