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Clay County, Indiana

Named for statesman and senator Henry Clay, author of the 1850 Missouri Compromise

County Seat: Brazil

Largest City: Brazil (2019 population: 7,993)

Population per Square Mile: 73.36

Square Miles: 357.50

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)26,888590.4%6,484,192
Today (2019)26,225600.4%6,732,219
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*26,885600.4%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-2.5%65 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration3233 3,997
Net International Migration175 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)19500.1%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2019NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,622606.2%6.2%
School Age (5 to 17)4,3716016.7%17.1%
College Age (18 to 24)1,949607.4%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)6,4065924.4%25.5%
Older Adult (45 to 64)7,0986027.1%25.2%
Seniors (65 and older)4,7796118.2%16.1%
Median Age41.2  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2019NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone77700.3%0.4%
Asian Alone106640.4%2.6%
Black Alone195640.7%9.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone14510.1%0.1%
White25,4856097.2%84.8%
Two or More Race Groups348511.3%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic25,8356098.5%92.7%
Hispanic390711.5%7.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2018 (Includes detail not shown below)10,51059100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,2655521.6%18.6%
Married Without Children3,5196133.5%29.9%
Single Parents963529.2%9.5%
Living Alone2,5346024.1%28.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)11,76760100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2018 (includes vacant units)11,79160100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
8,0835968.6%61.3%
Median Value (2018)$102,00066  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,4275920.6%27.6%
Median Rent (2018)$45682  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 4,141600.4%1,111,333
Public4,141590.4%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2018 ACS)18,193590.4%4,399,815
with High School diploma or higher91.6%12 88.6%
with B.A. or higher degree16.8%52 25.9%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2018$38,6157681.9%47,149
Median Household Income in 201852,6995594.6%$55,725
Poverty Rate in 201813.8%26106.2%13.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1822.4%11128.0%17.5%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201931360.6%5,235
Food Stamp Recipients in 20192,533460.4%581,821
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20202,214550.4%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017317590.4%82,170
Births to Teens, 201725510.5%5,152
Deaths, 2017316590.5%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force12,124620.4%3,387,366
Employed11,694620.4%3,275,056
Unemployed430600.4%112,310
Annual Unemployment Rate3.527106.1%3.3
July 2020 Unemployment Rate7.31112.3%6.5

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2018 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work11,151100.0%$439,606100.0%$39,423
Wage and Salary8,36175.0%$301,18168.5%$36,022
Farm Proprietors4964.4%$7,9291.8%$15,986
Nonfarm Proprietors2,29420.6%$47,41110.8%$20,667
Farm5745.1%$10,1512.3%$17,685
Nonfarm10,57794.9%$429,45597.7%$40,603
Private9,19082.4%$366,98283.5%$39,933
  Accommodation, Food Serv.7436.7%$11,0302.5%$14,845
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1010.9%$9100.2%$9,010
  Construction5474.9%$20,1344.6%$36,808
  Health Care, Social Serv.6325.7%$29,1676.6%$46,150
  Information670.6%$3,2030.7%$47,806
  Manufacturing2,98826.8%$178,11240.5%$59,609
  Professional, Tech. Serv.2492.2%$6,6721.5%$26,795
  Retail Trade1,26011.3%$29,9396.8%$23,761
  Trans., Warehousing4013.6%$20,8374.7%$51,963
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)1,605*14.4%*$41,078*9.3%*$25,594*
Government1,38712.4%$62,47314.2%$45,042

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed7100.0%100.0%$1,320$4,988,366
Single-Family7100.0%73.1%$1,320$4,298,385
2-Family00.0%1.6%0$48,202
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.7%$0$26,551
5+ Family00.0%24.6%$0$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Clay County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
Brazil7,99330.5%
Carbon3771.4%
Center Point2310.9%
Clay City8273.2%
Harmony6412.4%
Knightsville7672.9%
Staunton5101.9%
city graph