STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Clay County, Indiana

Named for statesman and senator Henry Clay, author of the 1850 Missouri Compromise

County Seat: Brazil

Largest City: Brazil (2021 population: 8,154)

Population per Square Mile: 73.87

Square Miles: 357.50

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)26,896590.4%6,484,050
Today (2021)26,410590.4%6,813,532
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*26,885600.4%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-1.8%59 5.1%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration564 5,230
Net International Migration177 15,490
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-3435-3.3%1,024

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,620576.1%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)4,4736016.9%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)1,886627.1%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)6,4655924.5%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)6,9835926.4%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)4,9836118.9%16.4%
Median Age41.2  Median Age = 38.1

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone99610.4%0.4%
Asian Alone103660.4%2.7%
Black Alone208650.8%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone11610.0%0.1%
White25,5895996.9%84.2%
Two or More Race Groups400491.5%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic25,9095998.1%92.3%
Hispanic501691.9%7.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2021 (Includes detail not shown below)10,47858100.0%100.0%
Married With Children1,8775917.9%18.2%
Married Without Children3,6735735.1%29.8%
Single Parents1,006509.6%9.2%
Living Alone2,6106124.9%29.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)11,63560100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2021 (includes vacant units)11,65759100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
8,1795870.2%62.9%
Median Value (2021)$108,90074  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,2996019.7%27.2%
Median Rent (2021)$49776  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 4,014620.4%1,120,155
Public4,014600.4%1,036,519
Adults (25+ in 2021 ACS)18,322590.4%4,501,214
with High School diploma or higher91.2%24 89.8%
with B.A. or higher degree16.3%60 27.8%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$44,8788379.4%56,497
Median Household Income in 202164,24530102.4%$62,723
Poverty Rate in 202111.1%5191.7%12.1%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1817.6%30112.1%15.7%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202217430.4%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 20222,461470.4%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/20221,883580.4%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019318580.4%80,859
Births to Teens, 201725510.5%5,152
Deaths, 2019277650.4%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force11,473630.3%3,321,548
Employed11,063630.3%3,203,166
Unemployed410560.3%118,382
Annual Unemployment Rate3.623100.0%3.6
December 2022 Unemployment Rate2.717112.5%2.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work10,654100.0%$475,686100.0%$44,649
Wage and Salary7,86773.8%$319,12367.1%$40,565
Farm Proprietors4974.7%$29,9256.3%$60,211
Nonfarm Proprietors2,29021.5%$39,3158.3%$17,168
Farm5545.2%$31,4826.6%$56,827
Nonfarm10,10094.8%$444,20493.4%$43,981
Private8,84583.0%$378,76679.6%$42,823
  Accommodation, Food Serv.6616.2%$12,2512.6%$18,534
  Arts, Ent., Recreation930.9%$1,0430.2%$11,215
  Construction5835.5%$17,7583.7%$30,460
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Information660.6%$3,4090.7%$51,652
  Manufacturing2,72225.5%$179,47137.7%$65,934
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade1,29712.2%$39,4328.3%$30,402
  Trans., Warehousing3423.2%$18,2873.8%$53,471
  Wholesale Trade1401.3%$8,1531.7%$58,236
  Other Private (not above)1,744*16.4%*$49,202*10.3%*$28,212*
Government1,25511.8%$65,43813.8%$52,142

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed14100.0%100.0%$2,245$7,583,249
Single-Family1285.7%74.4%$2,115$6,692,956
2-Family214.3%2.4%130$117,031
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$30,324
5+ Family00.0%22.7%$0$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Clay County

NamePopulation
in 2021
Percent of County
Brazil8,15430.9%
Carbon2591.0%
Center Point2150.8%
Clay City8793.3%
Harmony6812.6%
Knightsville6892.6%
Staunton4711.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph