STATS Indiana

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Clay County, Indiana

Named for statesman and senator Henry Clay, author of the 1850 Missouri Compromise

County Seat: Brazil

Largest City: Brazil (2017 population: 8,078)

Population per Square Mile: 73.28

Square Miles: 357.50

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)26,887590.4%6,484,192
Today (2017)26,198600.4%6,666,818
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*27,066590.4%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-2.6%68 2.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2016-2017NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-4050 -976
Net International Migration-282 11,410
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)38480.2%22,545

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2017NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,632606.2%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)4,3896016.8%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)2,022607.7%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)6,3436024.2%25.3%
Older Adult (45 to 64)7,2536027.7%25.9%
Seniors (65 and older)4,5596217.4%15.4%
Median Age40.9  Median Age = 37.7

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2017NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone78650.3%0.4%
Asian Alone90670.3%2.4%
Black Alone183620.7%9.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone13510.0%0.1%
White25,5226097.4%85.4%
Two or More Race Groups312571.2%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic25,8376098.6%93.0%
Hispanic361741.4%7.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2017 (Includes detail not shown below)10,68058100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,3825122.3%18.8%
Married Without Children3,6126033.8%30.0%
Single Parents869598.1%9.6%
Living Alone2,6585924.9%28.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2017 (estimate)11,78660100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2017 (includes vacant units)11,78760100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
8,1935869.5%61.2%
Median Value (2017)$96,00069  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,4876021.1%27.7%
Median Rent (2017)$44281  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2016/2017 Total Reported) 4,228600.4%1,110,866
Public4,228590.4%1,048,879
Adults (25+ in 2017 ACS)18,220590.4%4,369,451
with High School diploma or higher90.7%16 88.3%
with B.A. or higher degree16.6%49 25.3%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2017$36,8017381.5%45,150
Median Household Income in 201650,1855396.0%$52,289
Poverty Rate in 201614.2%30101.4%14.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1821.2%28111.0%19.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201728510.4%6,790
Food Stamp Recipients in 20172,929450.4%656,297
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2016/20172,220530.4%495,330

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2016312600.4%83,063
Births to Teens, 201635330.7%5,294
Deaths, 2016312570.5%63,492

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2017NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force12,204620.4%3,320,409
Employed11,743620.4%3,203,351
Unemployed461570.4%117,058
Annual Unemployment Rate3.826108.6%3.5
October 2018 Unemployment Rate4.017111.1%3.6

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2017 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work10,915100.0%$425,315100.0%$38,966
Wage and Salary8,15774.7%$294,69069.3%$36,127
Farm Proprietors5054.6%$9830.2%$1,947
Nonfarm Proprietors2,25320.6%$46,20310.9%$20,507
Farm5705.2%$2,7320.6%$4,793
Nonfarm10,34594.8%$422,58399.4%$40,849
Private8,96582.1%$362,23685.2%$40,406
  Accommodation, Food Serv.7196.6%$10,8412.5%$15,078
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1051.0%$9130.2%$8,695
  Construction5545.1%$18,4714.3%$33,341
  Health Care, Social Serv.5915.4%$28,7416.8%$48,631
  Information740.7%$3,6810.9%$49,743
  Manufacturing2,90626.6%$178,64542.0%$61,475
  Professional, Tech. Serv.2412.2%$6,8571.6%$28,452
  Retail Trade1,26811.6%$28,9696.8%$22,846
  Trans., Warehousing3613.3%$20,5284.8%$56,864
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)1,572*14.4%*$38,490*9.0%*$24,485*
Government1,38012.6%$60,34714.2%$43,730

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2017UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed0N/A100%$04,583,500
Single-Family0N/A74.2%$0$4,038,599
2-Family0N/A2.0%$0$62,844
3- and 4-Family0N/A0.4%$0$0
5+ Family0N/A23.4%$0$469,056

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Clay County

NamePopulation
in 2017
Percent of County
Brazil8,07830.8%
Carbon3841.5%
Center Point2320.9%
Clay City8233.1%
Harmony6242.4%
Knightsville7662.9%
Staunton5132.0%
city graph