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Elkhart County, Indiana

Named for the Elkhart Tribe of Indians and formed in 1830

County Seat: Goshen

Largest City: Elkhart (2016 population: 52,221)

Population per Square Mile: 439.94

Square Miles: 463.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)197,56163.0%6,484,136
Today (2016)203,78163.1%6,633,053
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*212,03663.1%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today3.1%18 2.3%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2015-2016NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-98790 -12,135
Net International Migration10017 11,052
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)1,50646.7%22,358

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2016NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)15,43367.6%6.4%
School Age (5 to 17)41,361620.3%17.4%
College Age (18 to 24)18,136108.9%10.0%
Young Adult (25 to 44)50,669624.9%25.2%
Older Adult (45 to 64)49,740624.4%26.1%
Seniors (65 and older)28,442714.0%14.9%
Median Age35.4  Median Age = 37.6

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2016NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone1,19350.6%0.4%
Asian Alone2,374131.2%2.2%
Black Alone12,60376.2%9.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone15070.1%0.1%
White182,576689.6%85.6%
Two or More Race Groups4,88562.4%2.0%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic172,295884.5%93.2%
Hispanic31,486315.5%6.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2015 (Includes detail not shown below)70,4397100.0%100.0%
Married With Children15,428621.9%19.2%
Married Without Children22,007631.2%30.0%
Single Parents8,310511.8%9.8%
Living Alone16,329923.2%28.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2016 (estimate)78,1797100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2015 (includes vacant units)77,5947100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
48,955663.1%61.9%
Median Value (2015)$124,00028  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
21,484927.7%27.8%
Median Rent (2015)$60614  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2016/2017 Total Reported) 37,12863.3%1,110,866
Public36,58863.5%1,048,879
Adults (25+ in 2015 ACS)126,57162.9%4,316,273
with High School diploma or higher80.8%89 87.8%
with B.A. or higher degree18.1%34 24.1%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2015$39,8822895.1%41,940
Median Household Income in 201550,1174399.2%$50,510
Poverty Rate in 201514.0%3497.2%14.4%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1819.4%4395.1%20.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201620672.7%7,519
Food Stamp Recipients in 201618,99962.6%722,928
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2016/201718,72153.8%495,330

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20153,18863.8%84,008
Births to Teens, 201527744.7%5,876
Deaths, 20151,67762.7%62,666

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2016NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force107,99963.2%3,326,893
Employed104,23163.3%3,179,806
Unemployed3,76892.6%147,087
Annual Unemployment Rate3.58679.5%4.4
August 2017 Unemployment Rate3.0183.3%3.6

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2015 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work152,475100.0%$8,044,588100.0%$52,760
Wage and Salary130,23485.4%$5,849,95972.7%$44,919
Farm Proprietors1,5121.0%$69,3100.9%$45,840
Nonfarm Proprietors20,72913.6%$730,2789.1%$35,230
Farm1,7431.1%$76,4421.0%$43,857
Nonfarm150,73298.9%$7,968,14699.0%$52,863
Private141,39192.7%$7,483,94593.0%$52,931
  Accommodation, Food Serv.7,3524.8%$145,2231.8%$19,753
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,2180.8%$17,3930.2%$14,280
  Construction4,8223.2%$281,5293.5%$58,384
  Health Care, Social Serv.11,7037.7%$630,5777.8%$53,882
  Information6960.5%$33,7940.4%$48,555
  Manufacturing61,98740.7%$3,949,08549.1%$63,708
  Professional, Tech. Serv.3,6602.4%$173,5182.2%$47,409
  Retail Trade12,1217.9%$334,4964.2%$27,596
  Trans., Warehousing4,8843.2%$278,8113.5%$57,087
  Wholesale Trade7,0294.6%$524,1186.5%$74,565
  Other Private (not above)25,357*16.6%*$1,082,595*13.5%*$42,694*
Government9,3416.1%$484,2016.0%$51,836

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2016UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed354100.0%100.0%$74,728$3,875,847
Single-Family34898.3%75.2%$73,998$3,417,822
2-Family61.7%3.1%730$64,063
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$21,320
5+ Family00.0%20.9%$0$372,642

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Elkhart County

NamePopulation
in 2016
Percent of County
Bristol1,6720.8%
Elkhart52,22125.6%
Goshen33,03416.2%
Middlebury3,5751.8%
Millersburg9370.5%
Nappanee6,2943.1%*
Wakarusa1,8190.9%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph