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Elkhart County, Indiana

Named for the Elkhart Tribe of Indians and formed in 1830

County Seat: Goshen

Largest City: Elkhart (2012 population: 51,152)

Population per Square Mile: 432.99

Square Miles: 463.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)197,56163.0%6,483,797
Today (2013)200,56363.1%6,570,902
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*212,03663.1%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today1.5%18 1.3%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2012-2013NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-27384 -1,179
Net International Migration15911 9,404
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)1,41445.4%25,992

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2013NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)15,03367.5%6.4%
School Age (5 to 17)41,035620.5%17.7%
College Age (18 to 24)17,939108.9%10.1%
Young Adult (25 to 44)50,923625.4%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)49,485624.7%26.4%
Seniors (65 and older)26,148713.0%13.9%
Median Age35.3  Median Age = 37.4

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2013NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone1,16850.6%0.4%
Asian Alone2,255131.1%1.9%
Black Alone12,25276.1%9.5%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone16070.1%0.1%
White180,247689.9%86.3%
Two or More Race Groups4,48162.2%1.8%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic170,757785.1%93.6%
Hispanic29,806314.9%6.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2012 (Includes detail not shown below)70,1617100.0%100.0%
Married With Children16,463623.5%20.2%
Married Without Children21,784631.0%30.1%
Single Parents7,853611.2%9.8%
Living Alone16,541923.6%27.6%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2013 (estimate)77,5427100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2012 (includes vacant units)77,7097100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
50,597665.1%62.6%
Median Value (2012)$125,90026  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
19,564925.2%26.1%
Median Rent (2012)$60113  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2012/2013 Total Reported) 37,99463.4%1,115,499
Public36,07863.5%1,039,411
Adults (25+ in 2012 ACS)123,93162.9%4,229,138
with High School diploma or higher80.3%85 87%
with B.A. or higher degree18.1%27 23%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2012$35,5504293.3%38,119
Median Household Income in 201245,8064797.6%$46,954
Poverty Rate in 201215.2%3998.1%15.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1821.2%4295.9%22.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201337653.2%11,711
Food Stamp Recipients in 201326,41862.9%922,273
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 201320,04553.9%509,427

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20112,97663.6%83,750
Births to Teens, 201129253.6%8,010
Deaths, 20111,61562.8%58,154

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2013NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force94,51363.0%3,179,935
Employed87,35463.0%2,940,897
Unemployed7,15963.0%239,038
Annual Unemployment Rate7.640101.3%7.5
August 2014 Unemployment Rate5.05390.9%5.5

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Earnings by Industry, 2012 Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
IMPORTANT: The BEA is no longer producing employment by industry for counties. For more information on the loss of data due to
sequestration, go to http://www.bea.gov/about/pdf/bea_fy2013_budget_impact.pdf.
Total by place of work$6,520,056100.0%
Wage and Salary$4,722,35072.4%
Farm Proprietors$44,8150.7%
Nonfarm Proprietors$586,4749.0%
Farm$52,9620.8%
Nonfarm$6,467,09499.2%
Private$6,007,13292.1%
  Accommodation, Food Serv.$111,9551.7%
  Arts, Ent., Recreation$11,4770.2%
  Construction$249,7693.8%
  Health Care, Social Serv.$562,3708.6%
  Information$33,4940.5%
  Manufacturing$3,149,59948.3%
  Professional, Tech. Serv.$158,7652.4%
  Retail Trade$309,4914.7%
  Trans., Warehousing$233,4693.6%
  Wholesale Trade$402,5816.2%
  Other Private (not above)$784,16212.0%
Government$459,9627.1%

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2013UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed303100.0%100.0%$60,976$3,065,788
Single-Family28393.4%67.3%$58,791$2,631,508
2-Family41.3%2.2%735$38,302
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$13,598
5+ Family165.3%29.6%$1,450$382,380

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Elkhart County

NamePopulation
in 2012
Percent of County
Bristol1,6240.8%
Elkhart51,15225.7%
Goshen32,06416.1%
Middlebury3,4701.7%
Millersburg9130.5%
Nappanee6,1963.1%*
Wakarusa1,7760.9%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph