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Elkhart County, Indiana

Named for the Elkhart Tribe of Indians and formed in 1830

County Seat: Goshen

Largest City: Elkhart (2014 population: 51,421)

Population per Square Mile: 436.03

Square Miles: 463.20

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)197,56163.0%6,483,797
Today (2014)201,97163.1%6,596,855
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*212,03663.1%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today2.2%17 1.7%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2013-2014NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-17167 -7,506
Net International Migration14913 12,513
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)1,50046.2%24,062

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2014NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)15,17667.5%6.4%
School Age (5 to 17)41,227620.4%17.6%
College Age (18 to 24)18,095109.0%10.1%
Young Adult (25 to 44)50,800625.2%25.3%
Older Adult (45 to 64)49,722624.6%26.3%
Seniors (65 and older)26,951713.3%14.3%
Median Age35.4  Median Age = 37.5

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2014NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone1,16850.6%0.4%
Asian Alone2,330131.2%2.0%
Black Alone12,53576.2%9.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone16670.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups4,64762.3%1.9%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2014 (Includes detail not shown below)70,4277100.0%100.0%
Married With Children15,788622.4%19.4%
Married Without Children22,153631.5%30.1%
Single Parents8,243511.7%9.9%
Living Alone16,448923.4%27.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2014 (estimate)77,9337100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2014 (includes vacant units)77,8407100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2014)$122,60030  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2014)$60413  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2014/2015 Total Reported) 38,64063.4%1,130,285
Adults (25+ in 2014 ACS)125,48662.9%4,287,819
with High School diploma or higher80.8%88 87.6%
with B.A. or higher degree17.9%29 23.6%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2014$37,3444394.4%39,578
Median Household Income in 201450,19237101.6%$49,384
Poverty Rate in 201413.9%4291.4%15.2%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1819.8%4493.4%21.2%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201427862.9%9,498
Food Stamp Recipients in 201423,63662.7%878,155
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 201419,98953.9%514,128

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20132,96163.6%83,115
Births to Teens, 201329744.4%6,810
Deaths, 20131,67362.8%60,445

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2014NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force102,11763.2%3,230,540
Annual Unemployment Rate5.26986.7%6.0
December 2015 Unemployment Rate3.68578.3%4.6

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2014 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work150,412100.0%$7,553,213100.0%$50,217
Wage and Salary126,44684.1%$5,493,70472.7%$43,447
Farm Proprietors1,5291.0%$101,7721.3%$66,561
Nonfarm Proprietors22,43714.9%$609,2488.1%$27,154
  Accommodation, Food Serv.7,1114.7%$123,3781.6%$17,350
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,2700.8%$14,0900.2%$11,094
  Health Care, Social Serv.11,5547.7%$611,4438.1%$52,920
  Professional, Tech. Serv.3,7542.5%$176,9972.3%$47,149
  Retail Trade12,4548.3%$330,3504.4%$26,526
  Trans., Warehousing5,0953.4%$261,5603.5%$51,337
  Wholesale Trade6,6794.4%$464,5256.2%$69,550
  Other Private (not above)25,172*16.7%*$1,004,172*13.3%*$39,892*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2014UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed270100.0%100.0%$57,187$3,222,176
3- and 4-Family00.0%1.1%$0$18,185
5+ Family00.0%28.7%$0$415,155

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Elkhart County

in 2014
Percent of County
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph