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Henry County, Indiana

Named in 1822 for Patrick "Give me Liberty or Give me Death" Henry

County Seat: New Castle

Largest City: New Castle (2019 population: 17,113)

Population per Square Mile: 122.41

Square Miles: 391.90

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)49,466290.8%6,484,192
Today (2019)47,972290.7%6,732,219
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*45,776320.6%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-3.0%70 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-6057 3,997
Net International Migration469 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-10190-0.5%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2019NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)2,321404.8%6.2%
School Age (5 to 17)7,4173715.5%17.1%
College Age (18 to 24)3,850318.0%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)11,7732824.5%25.5%
Older Adult (45 to 64)13,3472927.8%25.2%
Seniors (65 and older)9,2642919.3%16.1%
Median Age42.7  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2019NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone118520.2%0.4%
Asian Alone216460.5%2.6%
Black Alone1,314272.7%9.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone16480.0%0.1%
White45,6223095.1%84.8%
Two or More Race Groups686301.4%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic47,0102998.0%92.7%
Hispanic962472.0%7.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2018 (Includes detail not shown below)18,40830100.0%100.0%
Married With Children3,0503716.6%18.6%
Married Without Children6,2343133.9%29.9%
Single Parents1,662299.0%9.5%
Living Alone4,7902826.0%28.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)21,25028100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2018 (includes vacant units)21,23328100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
13,5433163.8%61.3%
Median Value (2018)$96,20073  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
4,8652922.9%27.6%
Median Rent (2018)$52845  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 6,866360.6%1,111,333
Public6,866350.7%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2018 ACS)34,427280.8%4,399,815
with High School diploma or higher89.6%29 88.6%
with B.A. or higher degree16.6%54 25.9%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2018$38,3367881.3%47,149
Median Household Income in 201850,1836690.1%$55,725
Poverty Rate in 201814.4%23110.8%13.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1818.6%33106.3%17.5%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201952211.0%5,235
Food Stamp Recipients in 20194,664240.8%581,821
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20203,269350.6%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017450410.5%82,170
Births to Teens, 201736320.7%5,152
Deaths, 2017669251.0%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force22,165350.7%3,387,366
Employed21,435350.7%3,275,056
Unemployed730310.6%112,310
Annual Unemployment Rate3.335100.0%3.3
August 2020 Unemployment Rate5.73987.7%6.5

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2018 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work18,268100.0%$768,490100.0%$42,068
Wage and Salary13,82775.7%$535,78569.7%$38,749
Farm Proprietors5913.2%$12,1271.6%$20,519
Nonfarm Proprietors3,85021.1%$83,03810.8%$21,568
Farm7424.1%$17,6632.3%$23,805
Nonfarm17,52695.9%$750,82797.7%$42,841
Private14,37778.7%$573,27674.6%$39,875
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,1596.3%$22,3242.9%$19,261
  Arts, Ent., Recreation2851.6%$3,2940.4%$11,558
  Construction1,0315.6%$50,8356.6%$49,306
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,3557.4%$52,9406.9%$39,070
  Information1400.8%$5,2890.7%$37,779
  Manufacturing2,82715.5%$174,95822.8%$61,888
  Professional, Tech. Serv.4352.4%$13,2811.7%$30,531
  Retail Trade2,18111.9%$59,3607.7%$27,217
  Trans., Warehousing4762.6%$20,6662.7%$43,416
  Wholesale Trade7103.9%$39,0385.1%$54,983
  Other Private (not above)3,645*20.0%*$127,454*16.6%*$34,967*
Government3,14917.2%$177,55123.1%$56,383

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed54100.0%100.0%$8,127$4,988,366
Single-Family54100.0%73.1%$8,127$4,298,385
2-Family00.0%1.6%0$48,202
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.7%$0$26,551
5+ Family00.0%24.6%$0$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Henry County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
Blountsville1280.3%
Cadiz1360.3%
Dunreith1690.4%
Greensboro1370.3%
Kennard4460.9%
Knightstown2,1374.5%
Lewisville3500.7%
Middletown2,2384.7%
Mooreland3530.7%
Mount Summit3310.7%
New Castle17,11335.7%
Shirley2090.4%*
Spiceland9402.0%
Springport1400.3%
Straughn2130.4%
Sulphur Springs3710.8%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph