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Henry County, Indiana

Named in 1822 for Patrick "Give me Liberty or Give me Death" Henry

County Seat: New Castle

Largest City: New Castle (2023 population: 17,329)

Population per Square Mile: 124.85

Square Miles: 391.90

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)48,914290.8%6,484,050
Today (2023)48,929290.7%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*45,591320.6%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today0.0%55 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration37413 4,599
Net International Migration184 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-25988-3.4%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2022NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)2,536375.2%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)7,3383715.0%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)4,102318.4%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)12,1312824.8%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)13,1132926.8%24.5%
Seniors (65 and older)9,6952919.8%16.9%
Median Age42.2  Median Age = 38.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2022NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone110590.2%0.4%
Asian Alone234450.5%2.8%
Black Alone1,372262.8%10.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone17470.0%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups798291.6%2.4%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (Includes detail not shown below)18,54930100.0%100.0%
Married With Children3,0223916.3%18.1%
Married Without Children6,0792932.8%29.6%
Single Parents1,432337.7%9.0%
Living Alone5,5652930.0%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)21,02429100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)20,97828100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2022)$124,90075  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2022)$59251  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 6,682370.6%1,124,094
Adults (25+ in 2022 ACS)34,936290.8%4,532,091
with High School diploma or higher91.1%30 90%
with B.A. or higher degree17.1%61 28.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$46,4437879.6%58,323
Median Household Income in 202254,7148681.9%$66,768
Poverty Rate in 202213.9%24111.2%12.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1816.3%39105.8%15.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202236220.9%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 20224,850240.8%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/20233,487330.7%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2021423410.5%79,946
Births to Teens, 202126330.7%3,845
Deaths, 2019606270.9%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force22,242330.7%3,401,387
Annual Unemployment Rate3.428103.0%3.3
March 2024 Unemployment Rate4.21123.5%3.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work18,557100.0%$925,518100.0%$49,874
Wage and Salary13,67373.7%$652,11570.5%$47,694
Farm Proprietors5863.2%$31,7423.4%$54,167
Nonfarm Proprietors4,29823.2%$89,4879.7%$20,821
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,1156.0%$26,3812.9%$23,660
  Arts, Ent., Recreation2731.5%$3,1970.3%$11,711
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Professional, Tech. Serv.5282.8%$19,9732.2%$37,828
  Retail Trade2,22512.0%$68,2607.4%$30,679
  Trans., Warehousing5783.1%$26,0502.8%$45,069
  Wholesale Trade4982.7%$27,6343.0%$55,490
  Other Private (not above)3,685*19.9%*$156,367*16.9%*$42,433*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed46100.0%100.0%$14,689$7,695,489
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$40,460
5+ Family00.0%34.2%$0$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Henry County

in 2023
Percent of County
Mount Summit3500.7%
New Castle17,32935.4%
Sulphur Springs3350.7%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph