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Notice to Users: The U.S. Census Bureau has delayed the release of the 2020 American Community Survey five-year estimates, which were originally scheduled for December 2021.
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Henry County, Indiana

Named in 1822 for Patrick "Give me Liberty or Give me Death" Henry

County Seat: New Castle

Largest City: New Castle (2020 population: 17,106)

Population per Square Mile: 122.56

Square Miles: 391.90

Go to county's site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)49,466290.8%6,484,050
Today (2020)48,033290.7%6,785,644
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*45,776320.6%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-2.9%65 4.7%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2019-2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration10222 14,280
Net International Migration272 4,756
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-9785-14.0%692

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)2,434395.1%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)7,3053715.2%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)3,798337.9%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)11,8862824.7%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)13,1502927.4%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)9,4602819.7%16.5%
Median Age42.6  Median Age = 38.0

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone106590.2%0.4%
Asian Alone233430.5%2.7%
Black Alone1,302272.7%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone20400.0%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups724301.5%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (Includes detail not shown below)18,30430100.0%100.0%
Married With Children3,0793716.8%18.5%
Married Without Children6,0903133.3%29.7%
Single Parents1,675299.2%9.3%
Living Alone4,9522927.1%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2020 (estimate)21,28528100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)21,20128100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2019)$100,40073  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2019)$53546  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2020/2021 Total Reported) 6,707360.6%1,112,460
Adults (25+ in 2019 ACS)34,362280.8%4,430,493
with High School diploma or higher89.3%36 88.8%
with B.A. or higher degree16.4%55 26.5%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2020$43,0167382.8%51,926
Median Household Income in 201949,2938385.6%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 201912.9%24108.4%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1816.4%32108.6%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202148250.7%6,453
Food Stamp Recipients in 20215,053240.8%636,675
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20203,269350.6%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019460400.6%80,859
Births to Teens, 201736320.7%5,152
Deaths, 2019606270.9%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force21,866350.7%3,319,010
Annual Unemployment Rate6.64093.0%7.1
November 2021 Unemployment Rate2.123100.0%2.1

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2020 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work17,157100.0%$819,378100.0%$47,758
Wage and Salary13,07676.2%$548,43166.9%$41,942
Farm Proprietors5963.5%$30,5823.7%$51,312
Nonfarm Proprietors3,48520.3%$93,77611.4%$26,908
  Accommodation, Food Serv.9745.7%$20,4592.5%$21,005
  Arts, Ent., Recreation2341.4%$2,8230.3%$12,064
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Professional, Tech. Serv.4592.7%$15,0381.8%$32,763
  Retail Trade2,07612.1%$62,4747.6%$30,093
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade4512.6%$25,7253.1%$57,040
  Other Private (not above)3,212*18.7%*$118,302*14.4%*$36,831*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2020UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed57100.0%100.0%$10,858$5,872,297
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.8%$0$25,965
5+ Family00.0%20.6%$0$552,508

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Henry County

in 2020
Percent of County
Mount Summit3330.7%
New Castle17,10635.6%
Sulphur Springs3710.8%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph