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Henry County, Indiana

Named in 1822 for Patrick "Give me Liberty or Give me Death" Henry

County Seat: New Castle

Largest City: New Castle (2018 population: 17,268)

Population per Square Mile: 123.17

Square Miles: 391.90

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)49,466290.8%6,484,192
Today (2018)48,271290.7%6,691,878
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*47,664310.7%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-2.4%65 3.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2017-2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration11719 3,555
Net International Migration555 9,227
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-9489-0.5%19,211

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2018NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)2,416395.0%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)7,4613615.5%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)3,914318.1%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)11,8072824.5%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)13,5392928.0%25.6%
Seniors (65 and older)9,1342818.9%15.8%
Median Age42.6  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2018NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone100580.2%0.4%
Asian Alone193480.4%2.5%
Black Alone1,315272.7%9.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone13510.0%0.1%
White45,9653095.2%85.1%
Two or More Race Groups685301.4%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic47,3352998.1%92.9%
Hispanic936461.9%7.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2017 (Includes detail not shown below)18,09631100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,8883916.0%18.8%
Married Without Children6,0623233.5%30.0%
Single Parents1,620309.0%9.6%
Living Alone4,8742826.9%28.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2018 (estimate)21,23328100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2017 (includes vacant units)21,21428100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
13,2273162.4%61.2%
Median Value (2017)$94,80071  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
4,8692823.0%27.7%
Median Rent (2017)$51347  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2018/2019 Total Reported) 7,032350.6%1,117,590
Public7,032350.7%1,054,903
Adults (25+ in 2017 ACS)34,455280.8%4,369,451
with High School diploma or higher88.7%37 88.3%
with B.A. or higher degree16.5%52 25.3%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2017$36,5307680.9%45,150
Median Household Income in 201748,9156690.4%$54,134
Poverty Rate in 201712.8%3996.2%13.3%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1818.4%36103.4%17.8%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201856210.9%6,032
Food Stamp Recipients in 20184,916240.8%605,854
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2018/20193,510330.7%514,915

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017450410.5%82,170
Births to Teens, 201736320.7%5,152
Deaths, 2017669251.0%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force22,475350.7%3,381,713
Employed21,683350.7%3,265,580
Unemployed792300.7%116,133
Annual Unemployment Rate3.539102.9%3.4
August 2019 Unemployment Rate3.14096.9%3.2

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2017 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work17,790100.0%$711,601100.0%$40,000
Wage and Salary13,56076.2%$503,26770.7%$37,114
Farm Proprietors6043.4%$-9,729-1.4%$-16,108
Nonfarm Proprietors3,62620.4%$82,50011.6%$22,752
Farm7304.1%$-5,368-0.8%$-7,353
Nonfarm17,06095.9%$716,969100.8%$42,026
Private13,86878.0%$547,77377.0%$39,499
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,1506.5%$21,1443.0%$18,386
  Arts, Ent., Recreation2881.6%$3,5900.5%$12,465
  Construction1,0125.7%$47,5516.7%$46,987
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,3187.4%$51,1527.2%$38,810
  Information1460.8%$5,4680.8%$37,452
  Manufacturing2,61914.7%$162,78122.9%$62,154
  Professional, Tech. Serv.3992.2%$14,3762.0%$36,030
  Retail Trade2,16412.2%$58,2248.2%$26,906
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade7164.0%$38,1455.4%$53,275
  Other Private (not above)3,460*19.4%*$114,082*16.0%*$32,972*
Government3,19217.9%$169,19623.8%$53,006

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2018UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed51100.0%100.0%$7,593$4,879,857
Single-Family2752.9%76.4%$5,793$4,269,197
2-Family00.0%2.0%0$49,353
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.2%$0$6,163
5+ Family2447.1%21.4%$1,800$555,144

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Henry County

NamePopulation
in 2018
Percent of County
Blountsville1290.3%
Cadiz1400.3%
Dunreith1710.4%
Greensboro1380.3%
Kennard4490.9%
Knightstown2,1034.4%
Lewisville3510.7%
Middletown2,2514.7%
Mooreland3580.7%
Mount Summit3360.7%
New Castle17,26835.8%
Shirley1960.4%*
Spiceland8471.8%
Springport1410.3%
Straughn2140.4%
Sulphur Springs3740.8%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph