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Henry County, Indiana

Named in 1822 for Patrick "Give me Liberty or Give me Death" Henry

County Seat: New Castle

Largest City: New Castle (2019 population: 17,113)

Population per Square Mile: 122.41

Square Miles: 391.90

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)49,466290.8%6,484,051
Today (2019)47,972290.7%6,731,010
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*45,776320.6%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-3.0%70 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-6057 3,997
Net International Migration469 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-10190-0.5%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2019NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)2,321404.8%6.2%
School Age (5 to 17)7,4173715.5%17.1%
College Age (18 to 24)3,850318.0%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)11,7732824.5%25.5%
Older Adult (45 to 64)13,3472927.8%25.2%
Seniors (65 and older)9,2642919.3%16.1%
Median Age42.7  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2019NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone118520.2%0.4%
Asian Alone216460.5%2.6%
Black Alone1,314272.7%9.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone16480.0%0.1%
White45,6223095.1%84.8%
Two or More Race Groups686301.4%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic47,0102998.0%92.7%
Hispanic962472.0%7.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (Includes detail not shown below)18,30430100.0%100.0%
Married With Children3,0793716.8%18.5%
Married Without Children6,0903133.3%29.7%
Single Parents1,675299.2%9.3%
Living Alone4,9522927.1%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)21,25028100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)21,20128100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
13,4513163.4%61.5%
Median Value (2019)$100,40073  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
4,8532922.9%27.5%
Median Rent (2019)$53546  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 6,866360.6%1,111,333
Public6,866350.7%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2019 ACS)34,362280.8%4,430,493
with High School diploma or higher89.3%36 88.8%
with B.A. or higher degree16.4%55 26.5%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$39,8637181.9%48,678
Median Household Income in 201949,2938385.6%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 201912.9%24108.4%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1816.4%32108.6%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202054240.8%6,657
Food Stamp Recipients in 20205,147240.8%659,095
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20203,269350.6%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017450410.5%82,170
Births to Teens, 201736320.7%5,152
Deaths, 2017669251.0%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force22,165350.7%3,382,491
Employed21,435350.7%3,273,070
Unemployed730310.7%109,421
Annual Unemployment Rate3.335103.1%3.2
February 2021 Unemployment Rate4.63697.9%4.7

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work18,008100.0%$776,419100.0%$43,115
Wage and Salary13,67475.9%$539,69869.5%$39,469
Farm Proprietors6023.3%$12,6701.6%$21,047
Nonfarm Proprietors3,73220.7%$79,81510.3%$21,387
Farm7354.1%$17,1722.2%$23,363
Nonfarm17,27395.9%$759,24797.8%$43,956
Private14,17278.7%$572,00373.7%$40,361
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,1306.3%$21,3812.8%$18,921
  Arts, Ent., Recreation3181.8%$3,2090.4%$10,091
  Construction1,0555.9%$53,0526.8%$50,286
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Information1430.8%$5,5430.7%$38,762
  Manufacturing2,95316.4%$182,04423.4%$61,647
  Professional, Tech. Serv.4462.5%$13,8941.8%$31,152
  Retail Trade2,21112.3%$62,8218.1%$28,413
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade5012.8%$27,2443.5%$54,379
  Other Private (not above)3,430*19.0%*$116,233*15.0%*$33,887*
Government3,10117.2%$187,24424.1%$60,382

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed54100.0%100.0%$8,127$4,988,366
Single-Family54100.0%73.1%$8,127$4,298,385
2-Family00.0%1.6%0$48,202
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.7%$0$26,551
5+ Family00.0%24.6%$0$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Henry County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
Blountsville1280.3%
Cadiz1360.3%
Dunreith1690.4%
Greensboro1370.3%
Kennard4460.9%
Knightstown2,1374.5%
Lewisville3500.7%
Middletown2,2384.7%
Mooreland3530.7%
Mount Summit3310.7%
New Castle17,11335.7%
Shirley2090.4%*
Spiceland9402.0%
Springport1400.3%
Straughn2130.4%
Sulphur Springs3710.8%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph