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Henry County, Indiana

Named in 1822 for Patrick "Give me Liberty or Give me Death" Henry

County Seat: New Castle

Largest City: New Castle (2018 population: 17,268)

Population per Square Mile: 123.17

Square Miles: 391.90

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)49,466290.8%6,484,192
Today (2018)48,271290.7%6,691,878
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*47,664310.7%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-2.4%65 3.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2017-2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration11719 3,555
Net International Migration555 9,227
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-9489-0.5%19,211

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2018NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)2,416395.0%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)7,4613615.5%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)3,914318.1%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)11,8072824.5%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)13,5392928.0%25.6%
Seniors (65 and older)9,1342818.9%15.8%
Median Age42.6  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2018NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone100580.2%0.4%
Asian Alone193480.4%2.5%
Black Alone1,315272.7%9.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone13510.0%0.1%
White45,9653095.2%85.1%
Two or More Race Groups685301.4%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic47,3352998.1%92.9%
Hispanic936461.9%7.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2017 (Includes detail not shown below)18,09631100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,8883916.0%18.8%
Married Without Children6,0623233.5%30.0%
Single Parents1,620309.0%9.6%
Living Alone4,8742826.9%28.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2018 (estimate)21,23328100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2017 (includes vacant units)21,21428100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
13,2273162.4%61.2%
Median Value (2017)$94,80071  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
4,8692823.0%27.7%
Median Rent (2017)$51347  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2018/2019 Total Reported) 7,032350.6%1,117,590
Public7,032350.7%1,054,903
Adults (25+ in 2017 ACS)34,455280.8%4,369,451
with High School diploma or higher88.7%37 88.3%
with B.A. or higher degree16.5%52 25.3%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2018$38,3367881.3%47,149
Median Household Income in 201748,9156690.4%$54,134
Poverty Rate in 201712.8%3996.2%13.3%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1818.4%36103.4%17.8%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201856210.9%6,032
Food Stamp Recipients in 20184,916240.8%605,854
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2018/20193,510330.7%514,915

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017450410.5%82,170
Births to Teens, 201736320.7%5,152
Deaths, 2017669251.0%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force22,475350.7%3,381,713
Employed21,683350.7%3,265,580
Unemployed792300.7%116,133
Annual Unemployment Rate3.539102.9%3.4
September 2019 Unemployment Rate2.832100.0%2.8

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2018 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work18,268100.0%$768,490100.0%$42,068
Wage and Salary13,82775.7%$535,78569.7%$38,749
Farm Proprietors5913.2%$12,1271.6%$20,519
Nonfarm Proprietors3,85021.1%$83,03810.8%$21,568
Farm7424.1%$17,6632.3%$23,805
Nonfarm17,52695.9%$750,82797.7%$42,841
Private14,37778.7%$573,27674.6%$39,875
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,1596.3%$22,3242.9%$19,261
  Arts, Ent., Recreation2851.6%$3,2940.4%$11,558
  Construction1,0315.6%$50,8356.6%$49,306
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,3557.4%$52,9406.9%$39,070
  Information1400.8%$5,2890.7%$37,779
  Manufacturing2,82715.5%$174,95822.8%$61,888
  Professional, Tech. Serv.4352.4%$13,2811.7%$30,531
  Retail Trade2,18111.9%$59,3607.7%$27,217
  Trans., Warehousing4762.6%$20,6662.7%$43,416
  Wholesale Trade7103.9%$39,0385.1%$54,983
  Other Private (not above)3,645*20.0%*$127,454*16.6%*$34,967*
Government3,14917.2%$177,55123.1%$56,383

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2018UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed51100.0%100.0%$7,593$4,879,857
Single-Family2752.9%76.4%$5,793$4,269,197
2-Family00.0%2.0%0$49,353
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.2%$0$6,163
5+ Family2447.1%21.4%$1,800$555,144

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Henry County

NamePopulation
in 2018
Percent of County
Blountsville1290.3%
Cadiz1400.3%
Dunreith1710.4%
Greensboro1380.3%
Kennard4490.9%
Knightstown2,1034.4%
Lewisville3510.7%
Middletown2,2514.7%
Mooreland3580.7%
Mount Summit3360.7%
New Castle17,26835.8%
Shirley1960.4%*
Spiceland8471.8%
Springport1410.3%
Straughn2140.4%
Sulphur Springs3740.8%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph