STATS Indiana

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Jay County, Indiana

Named in 1836 for Supreme Court Chief Justice John Jay

County Seat: Portland

Largest City: Portland (2022 population: 6,234)

Population per Square Mile: 52.61

Square Miles: 383.90

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)20,478710.3%6,484,050
Today (2022)20,198720.3%6,833,037
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*20,975680.3%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today-1.4%81 0.7%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2021-2022NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-15880 5,230
Net International Migration668 15,490
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)42164.1%1,024

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,396626.9%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)3,7496818.5%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)1,579697.8%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)4,5417322.4%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)5,2147425.8%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)3,7697518.6%16.4%
Median Age40.0  Median Age = 38.1

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone55820.3%0.4%
Asian Alone84720.4%2.7%
Black Alone155730.8%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone7680.0%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups260711.3%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2021 (Includes detail not shown below)8,14669100.0%100.0%
Married With Children1,3687116.8%18.2%
Married Without Children2,4677530.3%29.8%
Single Parents697688.6%9.2%
Living Alone2,4386529.9%29.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2022 (estimate)8,90772100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2021 (includes vacant units)8,93972100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2021)$96,10085  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2021)$50874  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 3,145680.3%1,120,155
Adults (25+ in 2021 ACS)13,759730.3%4,501,214
with High School diploma or higher88%66 89.8%
with B.A. or higher degree12.9%85 27.8%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$49,3005687.3%56,497
Median Household Income in 202152,3158283.4%$62,723
Poverty Rate in 202113.6%25112.4%12.1%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1820.9%12133.1%15.7%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 20229760.2%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 20221,677660.3%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/20221,656650.3%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019297610.4%80,851
Births to Teens, 202114590.4%3,845
Deaths, 2019226730.3%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2022NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force8,888730.3%3,404,443
Annual Unemployment Rate2.74990.0%3.0
August 2023 Unemployment Rate3.25886.5%3.7

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work9,773100.0%$605,377100.0%$61,944
Wage and Salary7,09872.6%$302,69050.0%$42,644
Farm Proprietors6917.1%$160,32226.5%$232,014
Nonfarm Proprietors1,98420.3%$64,44110.6%$32,480
  Accommodation, Food Serv.4574.7%$8,8801.5%$19,431
  Arts, Ent., Recreation440.5%$3480.1%$7,909
  Health Care, Social Serv.7017.2%$27,0684.5%$38,613
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade8769.0%$22,0823.6%$25,208
  Trans., Warehousing2622.7%$16,5462.7%$63,153
  Wholesale Trade2832.9%$19,2963.2%$68,184
  Other Private (not above)1,402*14.3%*$47,165*7.8%*$33,641*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2022UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed17100.0%100.0%$5,918$6,635,992
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.5%$0$14,702
5+ Family00.0%32.6%$0$1,031,387

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Jay County

in 2022
Percent of County
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph