STATS Indiana

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Jay County, Indiana

Named in 1836 for Supreme Court Chief Justice John Jay

County Seat: Portland

Largest City: Portland (2018 population: 6,085)

Population per Square Mile: 54.09

Square Miles: 383.90

Go to county's site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)21,253700.3%6,484,061
Today (2018)20,764690.3%6,695,497
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*20,930720.3%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-2.3%61 3.3%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2017-2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-18675 4,044
Net International Migration267 14,959
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)40420.2%18,568

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2018NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,496617.2%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)3,8076718.3%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)1,680698.1%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)4,5577121.9%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)5,5137226.6%25.6%
Seniors (65 and older)3,7117417.9%15.8%
Median Age39.7  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2018NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone41850.2%0.4%
Asian Alone88680.4%2.5%
Black Alone105790.5%9.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone6680.0%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups230701.1%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2018 (Includes detail not shown below)8,14969100.0%100.0%
Married With Children1,5096918.5%18.6%
Married Without Children2,5337631.1%29.9%
Single Parents804649.9%9.5%
Living Alone2,3186528.4%28.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2018 (estimate)9,24671100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2018 (includes vacant units)9,24871100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2018)$85,40088  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2018)$42986  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2018/2019 Total Reported) 3,167680.3%1,117,590
Adults (25+ in 2018 ACS)13,782730.3%4,399,815
with High School diploma or higher84.8%77 88.6%
with B.A. or higher degree10.6%90 25.9%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2018$39,3216883.4%47,149
Median Household Income in 201848,3927786.8%$55,725
Poverty Rate in 201813.0%34100.0%13.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1820.0%28114.3%17.5%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201816710.3%6,032
Food Stamp Recipients in 20181,589670.3%605,854
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2018/20191,590670.3%514,915

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017288630.4%82,170
Births to Teens, 201721610.4%5,152
Deaths, 2017268660.4%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force9,843700.3%3,381,713
Annual Unemployment Rate3.35097.1%3.4
November 2019 Unemployment Rate2.86487.5%3.2

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2018 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work10,602100.0%$524,148100.0%$49,439
Wage and Salary7,95275.0%$299,96857.2%$37,722
Farm Proprietors7306.9%$81,86815.6%$112,148
Nonfarm Proprietors1,92018.1%$63,29612.1%$32,967
  Accommodation, Food Serv.4914.6%$7,1321.4%$14,525
  Arts, Ent., Recreation600.6%$2970.1%$4,950
  Health Care, Social Serv.9248.7%$38,0827.3%$41,214
  Professional, Tech. Serv.1961.8%$6,3211.2%$32,250
  Retail Trade8087.6%$20,3303.9%$25,161
  Trans., Warehousing2302.2%$11,3292.2%$49,257
  Wholesale Trade2902.7%$22,5054.3%$77,603
  Other Private (not above)1,530*14.4%*$44,896*8.6%*$29,344*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2018UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed19100.0%100.0%$4,522$4,879,857
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.2%$0$6,163
5+ Family00.0%21.4%$0$555,144

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Jay County

in 2018
Percent of County
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph