STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

Hoosiers by the Numbers logoGet even more workforce data at Hoosiers by the Numbers

Logo

Choose one of the following geographies and click go to view its profile:

County:

Region:

Map

Jefferson County, Indiana

One of the oldest of Indiana's counties, named in 1811in honor of President Thomas Jefferson

County Seat: Madison

Largest City: Madison (2021 population: 12,266)

Population per Square Mile: 91.91

Square Miles: 360.60

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)32,400530.5%6,484,050
Today (2021)33,141490.5%6,805,985
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*32,782510.5%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today2.3%24 5.0%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration9143 14,280
Net International Migration1431 4,756
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-4442-6.4%692

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,849505.6%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)4,8965514.8%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)3,173439.6%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)7,9634924.0%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)9,0384527.3%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)6,2224718.8%16.4%
Median Age41.8  Median Age = 38.1

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone141440.4%0.4%
Asian Alone291380.9%2.7%
Black Alone716352.2%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone49240.1%0.1%
White31,4465194.9%84.2%
Two or More Race Groups498441.5%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic32,0984896.9%92.3%
Hispanic1,043483.1%7.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2020 (Includes detail not shown below)12,83348100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,0515816.0%18.3%
Married Without Children3,7675529.4%29.8%
Single Parents1,266399.9%9.3%
Living Alone4,0794131.8%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)14,44548100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2020 (includes vacant units)14,52949100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
8,8895261.2%62.3%
Median Value (2020)$139,00037  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
3,9443627.1%27.4%
Median Rent (2020)$53949  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 4,749550.4%1,120,155
Public4,136570.4%1,036,519
Adults (25+ in 2020 ACS)22,423500.5%4,466,180
with High School diploma or higher89.3%44 89.3%
with B.A. or higher degree17.3%52 27.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$50,7344889.8%56,497
Median Household Income in 202055,5886591.4%$60,794
Poverty Rate in 202012.7%23109.5%11.6%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1815.9%33106.7%14.9%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202132340.5%6,453
Food Stamp Recipients in 20212,815400.4%636,675
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/20222,081540.4%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019389460.5%80,859
Births to Teens, 201735360.7%5,152
Deaths, 2019375460.6%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force14,891510.4%3,321,548
Employed14,422510.5%3,203,166
Unemployed469480.4%118,382
Annual Unemployment Rate3.13986.1%3.6
October 2022 Unemployment Rate2.74296.4%2.8

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work16,668100.0%$903,711100.0%$54,218
Wage and Salary13,30479.8%$609,96067.5%$45,848
Farm Proprietors5313.2%$4,5540.5%$8,576
Nonfarm Proprietors2,83317.0%$125,34613.9%$44,245
Farm5763.5%$5,5900.6%$9,705
Nonfarm16,09296.5%$898,12199.4%$55,812
Private13,66982.0%$763,67084.5%$55,869
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,2847.7%$29,0093.2%$22,593
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1400.8%$9610.1%$6,864
  Construction6704.0%$34,3193.8%$51,222
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,90211.4%$122,98713.6%$64,662
  Information460.3%$2,4910.3%$54,152
  Manufacturing3,04118.2%$218,60924.2%$71,887
  Professional, Tech. Serv.4112.5%$16,3661.8%$39,820
  Retail Trade2,18613.1%$133,88314.8%$61,246
  Trans., Warehousing4402.6%$27,2813.0%$62,002
  Wholesale Trade1821.1%$11,3931.3%$62,599
  Other Private (not above)3,36720.2%$166,37118.4%$49,412
Government2,42314.5%$134,45114.9%$55,489

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed65100.0%100.0%$16,612$7,583,249
Single-Family6396.9%74.4%$16,333$6,692,956
2-Family23.1%2.4%279$117,031
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$30,324
5+ Family00.0%22.7%$0$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Jefferson County

NamePopulation
in 2021
Percent of County
Brooksburg720.2%
Dupont3481.1%
Hanover3,63511.0%
Madison12,26637.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph