STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Jefferson County, Indiana

One of the oldest of Indiana's counties, named in 1811in honor of President Thomas Jefferson

County Seat: Madison

Largest City: Madison (2018 population: 11,879)

Population per Square Mile: 89.32

Square Miles: 360.60

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)32,404530.5%6,484,192
Today (2018)32,208520.5%6,691,878
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*32,811520.5%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-0.6%42 3.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2017-2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration12018 3,555
Net International Migration1537 9,227
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)26480.1%19,211

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2018NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,841525.7%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)4,7235714.7%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)3,2764310.2%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)7,6315123.7%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)8,9414827.8%25.6%
Seniors (65 and older)5,7965018.0%15.8%
Median Age41.4  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2018NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone109570.3%0.4%
Asian Alone260390.8%2.5%
Black Alone653352.0%9.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone11580.0%0.1%
White30,6545395.2%85.1%
Two or More Race Groups521401.6%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic31,2785297.1%92.9%
Hispanic930472.9%7.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2017 (Includes detail not shown below)12,67748100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,1785717.2%18.8%
Married Without Children4,0055331.6%30.0%
Single Parents1,4623511.5%9.6%
Living Alone3,3544726.5%28.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2018 (estimate)14,49549100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2017 (includes vacant units)14,41749100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
9,0935263.1%61.2%
Median Value (2017)$120,00038  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
3,5844124.9%27.7%
Median Rent (2017)$55728  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2018/2019 Total Reported) 4,740560.4%1,117,590
Public4,270570.4%1,054,903
Adults (25+ in 2017 ACS)22,097500.5%4,369,451
with High School diploma or higher89%33 88.3%
with B.A. or higher degree17.4%45 25.3%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2017$40,5083989.7%45,150
Median Household Income in 201751,1635194.5%$54,134
Poverty Rate in 201713.7%30103.0%13.3%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1820.4%25114.6%17.8%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201845270.8%6,032
Food Stamp Recipients in 20182,939370.5%605,854
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2018/20192,255550.4%514,915

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017376490.5%82,170
Births to Teens, 201735360.7%5,152
Deaths, 2017410440.6%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force15,100520.4%3,381,713
Employed14,582520.4%3,265,580
Unemployed518490.4%116,133
Annual Unemployment Rate3.446100.0%3.4
August 2019 Unemployment Rate3.424106.3%3.2

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2017 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work16,576100.0%$749,856100.0%$45,237
Wage and Salary13,32080.4%$527,72470.4%$39,619
Farm Proprietors5353.2%$-5,563-0.7%$-10,398
Nonfarm Proprietors2,72116.4%$79,81210.6%$29,332
Farm5863.5%$-4,397-0.6%$-7,503
Nonfarm15,99096.5%$754,253100.6%$47,170
Private13,52481.6%$639,29385.3%$47,271
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,1727.1%$18,7642.5%$16,010
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1430.9%$1,4060.2%$9,832
  Construction6574.0%$33,3834.5%$50,811
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,79610.8%$105,60314.1%$58,799
  Information1040.6%$4,6520.6%$44,731
  Manufacturing3,18419.2%$211,40428.2%$66,396
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade1,99512.0%$74,88410.0%$37,536
  Trans., Warehousing3852.3%$23,4463.1%$60,899
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)3,027*18.3%*$93,056*12.4%*$30,742*
Government2,46614.9%$114,96015.3%$46,618

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2018UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed47100.0%100.0%$7,586$4,879,857
Single-Family4595.7%76.4%$7,416$4,269,197
2-Family24.3%2.0%170$49,353
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.2%$0$6,163
5+ Family00.0%21.4%$0$555,144

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Jefferson County

NamePopulation
in 2018
Percent of County
Brooksburg790.2%
Dupont3251.0%
Hanover3,51010.9%
Madison11,87936.9%
city graph