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Notice to Users: The U.S. Census Bureau has delayed the release of the 2020 American Community Survey five-year estimates, which were originally scheduled for December 2021.
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Jefferson County, Indiana

One of the oldest of Indiana's counties, named in 1811in honor of President Thomas Jefferson

County Seat: Madison

Largest City: Madison (2020 population: 11,750)

Population per Square Mile: 89.05

Square Miles: 360.60

Go to county's site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)32,400530.5%6,484,050
Today (2020)32,110530.5%6,785,644
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*32,782510.5%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-0.9%43 4.7%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2019-2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-16375 14,280
Net International Migration1739 4,756
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-1154-1.6%692

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,842525.7%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)4,6505814.5%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)3,158439.8%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)7,6405123.8%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)8,7924827.4%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)6,0285018.8%16.5%
Median Age41.7  Median Age = 38.0

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone138440.4%0.4%
Asian Alone273380.9%2.7%
Black Alone696352.2%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone46240.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups486431.5%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (Includes detail not shown below)12,63249100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,2125617.5%18.5%
Married Without Children3,8595530.5%29.7%
Single Parents1,165409.2%9.3%
Living Alone3,7524329.7%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2020 (estimate)14,59549100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)14,47749100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2019)$132,90033  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2019)$55738  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2020/2021 Total Reported) 4,774530.4%1,112,460
Adults (25+ in 2019 ACS)22,311500.5%4,430,493
with High School diploma or higher89.7%29 88.8%
with B.A. or higher degree17.9%47 26.5%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2020$48,0683492.6%51,926
Median Household Income in 201953,3786692.6%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 201911.6%3797.5%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1817.1%29113.2%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202132340.5%6,453
Food Stamp Recipients in 20212,815400.4%636,675
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20202,218540.4%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019389460.5%80,859
Births to Teens, 201735360.7%5,152
Deaths, 2019375460.6%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force14,965520.5%3,319,010
Annual Unemployment Rate7.422104.2%7.1
November 2021 Unemployment Rate1.83985.7%2.1

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2020 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work16,019100.0%$853,811100.0%$53,300
Wage and Salary12,84980.2%$564,36866.1%$43,923
Farm Proprietors5363.3%$8,0490.9%$15,017
Nonfarm Proprietors2,63416.4%$123,01314.4%$46,702
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,1777.3%$24,0622.8%$20,444
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1360.8%$6710.1%$4,934
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,81411.3%$111,66713.1%$61,558
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade2,14013.4%$118,00213.8%$55,141
  Trans., Warehousing3842.4%$26,8693.1%$69,971
  Wholesale Trade1921.2%$11,4061.3%$59,406
  Other Private (not above)3,186*19.9%*$149,650*17.5%*$46,971*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2020UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed50100.0%100.0%$9,372$5,872,297
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.8%$0$25,965
5+ Family00.0%20.6%$0$552,508

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Jefferson County

in 2020
Percent of County

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph