STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Jefferson County, Indiana

One of the oldest of Indiana's counties, named in 1811in honor of President Thomas Jefferson

County Seat: Madison

Largest City: Madison (2017 population: 11,777)

Population per Square Mile: 88.99

Square Miles: 360.60

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)32,404530.5%6,484,192
Today (2017)32,089530.5%6,666,818
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*32,811520.5%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-1.0%43 2.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2016-2017NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-19475 -976
Net International Migration1444 11,410
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)20580.1%22,545

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2017NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,759525.5%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)4,8125615.0%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)3,2774310.2%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)7,5755123.6%25.3%
Older Adult (45 to 64)9,0374828.2%25.9%
Seniors (65 and older)5,6295017.5%15.4%
Median Age41.5  Median Age = 37.7

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2017NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone103560.3%0.4%
Asian Alone274380.9%2.4%
Black Alone626352.0%9.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone11560.0%0.1%
White30,5695395.3%85.4%
Two or More Race Groups506401.6%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic31,1935297.2%93.0%
Hispanic896482.8%7.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2016 (Includes detail not shown below)12,64249100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,2525517.8%19.0%
Married Without Children3,9835531.5%30.0%
Single Parents1,4603511.5%9.7%
Living Alone3,4414527.2%28.2%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2017 (estimate)14,46749100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2016 (includes vacant units)14,31549100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
9,0255263.0%61.0%
Median Value (2016)$112,70046  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
3,6174025.3%27.8%
Median Rent (2016)$53531  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2016/2017 Total Reported) 4,824540.4%1,110,866
Public4,358570.4%1,048,879
Adults (25+ in 2016 ACS)21,973490.5%4,339,687
with High School diploma or higher86.9%59 88.1%
with B.A. or higher degree17%45 24.6%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2017$40,5083989.7%45,150
Median Household Income in 201651,5344298.6%$52,289
Poverty Rate in 201613.4%3895.7%14.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1820.3%32106.3%19.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201749280.7%6,790
Food Stamp Recipients in 20173,153400.5%656,297
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2016/20172,251490.5%495,330

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2016388510.5%83,063
Births to Teens, 201638300.7%5,294
Deaths, 2016354480.6%63,492

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2017NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force15,031530.5%3,320,409
Employed14,470530.5%3,203,351
Unemployed561480.5%117,058
Annual Unemployment Rate3.733105.7%3.5
October 2018 Unemployment Rate3.636100.0%3.6

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2017 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work16,576100.0%$749,856100.0%$45,237
Wage and Salary13,32080.4%$527,72470.4%$39,619
Farm Proprietors5353.2%$-5,563-0.7%$-10,398
Nonfarm Proprietors2,72116.4%$79,81210.6%$29,332
Farm5863.5%$-4,397-0.6%$-7,503
Nonfarm15,99096.5%$754,253100.6%$47,170
Private13,52481.6%$639,29385.3%$47,271
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,1727.1%$18,7642.5%$16,010
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1430.9%$1,4060.2%$9,832
  Construction6574.0%$33,3834.5%$50,811
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,79610.8%$105,60314.1%$58,799
  Information1040.6%$4,6520.6%$44,731
  Manufacturing3,18419.2%$211,40428.2%$66,396
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade1,99512.0%$74,88410.0%$37,536
  Trans., Warehousing3852.3%$23,4463.1%$60,899
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)3,027*18.3%*$93,056*12.4%*$30,742*
Government2,46614.9%$114,96015.3%$46,618

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2017UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed37100.0%100.0%$6,425$4,583,500
Single-Family37100.0%74.2%$6,425$4,038,599
2-Family00.0%2.0%0$62,844
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$13,000
5+ Family00.0%23.4%$0$469,056

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Jefferson County

NamePopulation
in 2017
Percent of County
Brooksburg790.2%
Dupont3241.0%
Hanover3,51310.9%
Madison11,77736.7%
city graph