STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Jefferson County, Indiana

One of the oldest of Indiana's counties, named in 1811in honor of President Thomas Jefferson

County Seat: Madison

Largest City: Madison (2016 population: 11,985)

Population per Square Mile: 89.90

Square Miles: 360.60

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)32,428530.5%6,484,136
Today (2016)32,418520.5%6,633,053
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*32,811520.5%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-0.0%34 2.3%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2015-2016NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-8742 -12,135
Net International Migration1244 11,052
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)41480.2%22,358

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2015NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,673585.2%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)5,0685515.6%17.5%
College Age (18 to 24)3,3474310.3%10.1%
Young Adult (25 to 44)7,8064724.1%25.3%
Older Adult (45 to 64)9,1414828.2%26.2%
Seniors (65 and older)5,3814916.6%14.6%
Median Age40.9  Median Age = 37.5

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2015NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone90580.3%0.4%
Asian Alone252390.8%2.1%
Black Alone672342.1%9.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone9580.0%0.1%
White30,9375495.4%85.8%
Two or More Race Groups456411.4%1.9%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic31,5855097.4%93.3%
Hispanic831472.6%6.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2015 (Includes detail not shown below)12,69448100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,1955717.3%19.2%
Married Without Children4,0605132.0%30.0%
Single Parents1,5833012.5%9.8%
Living Alone3,3764626.6%28.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2016 (estimate)14,32949100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2015 (includes vacant units)14,28847100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
9,1205263.8%61.9%
Median Value (2015)$112,10045  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
3,5744025.0%27.8%
Median Rent (2015)$51935  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2016/2017 Total Reported) 4,824540.4%1,110,866
Public4,358570.4%1,048,879
Adults (25+ in 2015 ACS)21,976500.5%4,316,273
with High School diploma or higher86.7%55 87.8%
with B.A. or higher degree17.6%36 24.1%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2015$38,5364091.9%41,940
Median Household Income in 201547,8415694.7%$50,510
Poverty Rate in 201513.4%3993.1%14.4%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1820.2%3899.0%20.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201656270.7%7,519
Food Stamp Recipients in 20163,439410.5%722,928
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2016/20172,251490.5%495,330

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2015371510.4%84,008
Births to Teens, 201536380.6%5,876
Deaths, 2015382450.6%62,666

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2016NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force15,282530.5%3,326,893
Employed14,564530.5%3,179,806
Unemployed718470.5%147,087
Annual Unemployment Rate4.728106.8%4.4
April 2017 Unemployment Rate2.926107.4%2.7

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2015 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work16,653100.0%$737,794100.0%$44,304
Wage and Salary13,53481.3%$520,13070.5%$38,431
Farm Proprietors5413.2%$-3,251-0.4%$-6,009
Nonfarm Proprietors2,57815.5%$80,26210.9%$31,133
Farm5853.5%$-2,101-0.3%$-3,591
Nonfarm16,06896.5%$739,895100.3%$46,048
Private13,52281.2%$622,82484.4%$46,060
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,3528.1%$22,3313.0%$16,517
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1761.1%$1,7090.2%$9,710
  Construction5913.5%$36,2664.9%$61,364
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,84911.1%$103,26914.0%$55,851
  Information1180.7%$4,1450.6%$35,127
  Manufacturing3,13118.8%$205,45927.8%$65,621
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade2,03512.2%$67,7909.2%$33,312
  Trans., Warehousing3241.9%$17,0022.3%$52,475
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)2,847*17.1%*$89,972*12.2%*$31,602*
Government2,54615.3%$117,07115.9%$45,982

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2015UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed46100.0%100.0%$7,573$3,737,044
Single-Family46100.0%68.4%$7,573$2,929,210
2-Family00.0%2.8%0$54,124
3- and 4-Family00.0%1.6%$0$31,656
5+ Family00.0%27.2%$0$722,054

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Jefferson County

NamePopulation
in 2016
Percent of County
Brooksburg810.2%
Dupont3381.0%
Hanover3,54310.9%
Madison11,98537.0%
city graph