STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Jefferson County, Indiana

One of the oldest of Indiana's counties, named in 1811in honor of President Thomas Jefferson

County Seat: Madison

Largest City: Madison (2019 population: 11,861)

Population per Square Mile: 89.60

Square Miles: 360.60

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)32,400530.5%6,484,192
Today (2019)32,308520.5%6,732,219
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*32,782510.5%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-0.3%39 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration12320 3,997
Net International Migration1056 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)22450.1%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2019NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,875505.8%6.2%
School Age (5 to 17)4,7215814.6%17.1%
College Age (18 to 24)3,2604310.1%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)7,6995123.8%25.5%
Older Adult (45 to 64)8,8234827.3%25.2%
Seniors (65 and older)5,9305018.4%16.1%
Median Age41.3  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2019NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone123500.4%0.4%
Asian Alone276380.9%2.6%
Black Alone700352.2%9.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone12570.0%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups517411.6%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2018 (Includes detail not shown below)12,75949100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,2455617.6%18.6%
Married Without Children4,0015231.4%29.9%
Single Parents1,4323611.2%9.5%
Living Alone3,4344626.9%28.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)14,53549100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2018 (includes vacant units)14,44949100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2018)$123,70038  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2018)$56131  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 4,716560.4%1,111,333
Adults (25+ in 2018 ACS)22,146500.5%4,399,815
with High School diploma or higher90.1%24 88.6%
with B.A. or higher degree17.9%42 25.9%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$44,1023890.6%48,678
Median Household Income in 201851,0316391.6%$55,725
Poverty Rate in 201815.5%17119.2%13.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1822.4%11128.0%17.5%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201936290.7%5,235
Food Stamp Recipients in 20192,736390.5%581,821
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20202,218540.4%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017376490.5%82,170
Births to Teens, 201735360.7%5,152
Deaths, 2017410440.6%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force15,078530.4%3,387,366
Annual Unemployment Rate3.433103.0%3.3
October 2020 Unemployment Rate4.33089.6%4.8

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work16,854100.0%$819,553100.0%$48,627
Wage and Salary13,51680.2%$562,82168.7%$41,641
Farm Proprietors5403.2%$-2,521-0.3%$-4,669
Nonfarm Proprietors2,79816.6%$103,72212.7%$37,070
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,3998.3%$26,0113.2%$18,593
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1661.0%$1,1910.1%$7,175
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,81410.8%$106,99513.1%$58,983
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade2,03012.0%$100,90612.3%$49,707
  Trans., Warehousing4082.4%$29,6343.6%$72,632
  Wholesale Trade2301.4%$14,6931.8%$63,883
  Other Private (not above)3,382*20.1%*$142,583*17.4%*$42,159*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed44100.0%100.0%$9,192$4,988,366
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.7%$0$26,551
5+ Family00.0%24.6%$0$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Jefferson County

in 2019
Percent of County
city graph