STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Jefferson County, Indiana

One of the oldest of Indiana's counties, named in 1811in honor of President Thomas Jefferson

County Seat: Madison

Largest City: Madison (2022 population: 12,211)

Population per Square Mile: 91.36

Square Miles: 360.60

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)33,147500.5%6,484,050
Today (2022)32,946510.5%6,833,037
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*32,265510.5%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today-0.6%31 0.7%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2021-2022NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-10476 5,230
Net International Migration4335 15,490
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-10570-10.3%1,024

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,849505.6%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)4,8965514.8%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)3,173439.6%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)7,9634924.0%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)9,0384527.3%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)6,2224718.8%16.4%
Median Age41.8  Median Age = 38.1

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone141440.4%0.4%
Asian Alone291380.9%2.7%
Black Alone716352.2%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone49240.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups498441.5%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2021 (Includes detail not shown below)12,74847100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,1895417.2%18.2%
Married Without Children3,7365529.3%29.8%
Single Parents1,3223710.4%9.2%
Living Alone3,8424130.1%29.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2022 (estimate)14,50648100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2021 (includes vacant units)14,38949100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2021)$148,90034  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2021)$58441  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 4,749550.4%1,120,155
Adults (25+ in 2021 ACS)23,039470.5%4,501,214
with High School diploma or higher89.5%46 89.8%
with B.A. or higher degree18.4%49 27.8%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$50,7344889.8%56,497
Median Household Income in 202159,3335394.6%$62,723
Poverty Rate in 202111.6%4195.9%12.1%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1816.1%44102.5%15.7%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202219400.5%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 20222,466460.4%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/20222,081540.4%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019389460.5%80,851
Births to Teens, 202122410.6%3,845
Deaths, 2019375460.6%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2022NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force15,114510.4%3,404,443
Annual Unemployment Rate2.84193.3%3.0
August 2023 Unemployment Rate3.44491.9%3.7

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work16,668100.0%$903,711100.0%$54,218
Wage and Salary13,30479.8%$609,96067.5%$45,848
Farm Proprietors5313.2%$4,5540.5%$8,576
Nonfarm Proprietors2,83317.0%$125,34613.9%$44,245
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,2847.7%$29,0093.2%$22,593
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1400.8%$9610.1%$6,864
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,90211.4%$122,98713.6%$64,662
  Professional, Tech. Serv.4112.5%$16,3661.8%$39,820
  Retail Trade2,18613.1%$133,88314.8%$61,246
  Trans., Warehousing4402.6%$27,2813.0%$62,002
  Wholesale Trade1821.1%$11,3931.3%$62,599
  Other Private (not above)3,36720.2%$166,37118.4%$49,412

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2022UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed70100.0%100.0%$17,658$6,635,992
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.5%$0$14,702
5+ Family00.0%32.6%$0$1,031,387

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Jefferson County

in 2022
Percent of County

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph