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Madison County, Indiana

Formed in 1823 and named in honor of President James Madison

County Seat: Anderson

Largest City: Anderson (2016 population: 55,130)

Population per Square Mile: 286.12

Square Miles: 451.90

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)131,636132.0%6,484,136
Today (2016)129,296131.9%6,634,007
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*129,692131.9%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-1.8%54 2.3%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2015-2016NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-20662 -10,480
Net International Migration8918 11,461
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-3380-0.1%22,480

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2016NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)7,283135.6%6.4%
School Age (5 to 17)20,9941216.2%17.4%
College Age (18 to 24)11,101158.6%10.0%
Young Adult (25 to 44)32,4111325.1%25.2%
Older Adult (45 to 64)34,8551227.0%26.1%
Seniors (65 and older)22,652917.5%14.9%
Median Age40.5  Median Age = 37.6

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2016NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone53290.4%0.4%
Asian Alone794230.6%2.2%
Black Alone10,98098.5%9.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone70150.1%0.1%
White114,4471388.5%85.6%
Two or More Race Groups2,473171.9%2.0%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic124,1301396.0%93.2%
Hispanic5,166164.0%6.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2016 (Includes detail not shown below)51,44113100.0%100.0%
Married With Children8,4291316.4%19.0%
Married Without Children15,7041230.5%30.0%
Single Parents5,359910.4%9.7%
Living Alone15,3141029.8%28.2%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2016 (estimate)58,70613100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2016 (includes vacant units)58,80811100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
35,6771260.7%61.0%
Median Value (2016)$90,80075  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
15,7641326.8%27.8%
Median Rent (2016)$53432  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2016/2017 Total Reported) 19,794121.8%1,110,866
Public19,499121.9%1,048,879
Adults (25+ in 2016 ACS)89,705122.1%4,339,687
with High School diploma or higher87.5%51 88.1%
with B.A. or higher degree17.4%38 24.6%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2016$35,9537083.4%43,097
Median Household Income in 201645,8537987.7%$52,289
Poverty Rate in 201617.5%8125.0%14.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1824.7%11129.3%19.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201719462.8%6,790
Food Stamp Recipients in 201716,82262.6%656,297
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2016/201710,84572.2%495,330

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20151,510121.8%84,008
Births to Teens, 201512672.1%5,876
Deaths, 20151,50582.4%62,666

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2016NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force59,596141.8%3,326,893
Employed56,621141.8%3,179,806
Unemployed2,975112.0%147,087
Annual Unemployment Rate5.020113.6%4.4
November 2017 Unemployment Rate3.629105.9%3.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2016 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work53,428100.0%$2,337,078100.0%$43,743
Wage and Salary42,43679.4%$1,606,45668.7%$37,856
Farm Proprietors6101.1%$20,9960.9%$34,420
Nonfarm Proprietors10,38219.4%$304,66113.0%$29,345
Farm7801.5%$27,6791.2%$35,486
Nonfarm52,64898.5%$2,309,39998.8%$43,865
Private45,99986.1%$1,969,45384.3%$42,815
  Accommodation, Food Serv.4,4998.4%$85,3833.7%$18,978
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,7883.3%$47,9932.1%$26,842
  Construction2,7465.1%$151,2666.5%$55,086
  Health Care, Social Serv.7,49314.0%$383,75716.4%$51,215
  Information5261.0%$23,5591.0%$44,789
  Manufacturing4,3558.2%$404,69617.3%$92,927
  Professional, Tech. Serv.1,7163.2%$62,9082.7%$36,660
  Retail Trade6,08611.4%$150,7536.5%$24,770
  Trans., Warehousing2,5294.7%$127,1095.4%$50,261
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)12,808*24.0%*$432,006*18.5%*$33,729*
Government6,64912.4%$339,94614.5%$51,127

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2016UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed98100.0%100.0%$21,562$3,875,847
Single-Family8788.8%75.2%$20,226$3,417,822
2-Family22.0%3.1%232$64,063
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$21,320
5+ Family99.2%20.9%$1,103$372,642

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Madison County

NamePopulation
in 2016
Percent of County
Alexandria5,0243.9%
Anderson55,13042.6%
Chesterfield2,4831.9%*
Country Club Heights780.1%
Edgewood1,8711.4%
Elwood8,4106.5%*
Frankton1,8201.4%
Ingalls2,4181.9%
Lapel2,3651.8%
Markleville5150.4%
Orestes4100.3%
Pendleton4,2633.3%
River Forest220.0%
Summitville9850.8%
Woodlawn Heights780.1%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph