STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Madison County, Indiana

Formed in 1823 and named in honor of President James Madison

County Seat: Anderson

Largest City: Anderson (2021 population: 54,817)

Population per Square Mile: 289.40

Square Miles: 451.90

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)131,639132.0%6,484,050
Today (2021)130,782131.9%6,805,985
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*127,466141.8%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-0.7%50 5.0%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration1,0859 14,280
Net International Migration3120 4,756
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-40690-58.7%692

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)7,037135.4%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)20,5481215.8%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)10,930158.4%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)32,5011425.1%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)34,0711226.3%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)24,5941019.0%16.5%
Median Age41.1  Median Age = 38.0

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone57590.4%0.4%
Asian Alone791230.6%2.7%
Black Alone11,035118.5%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone83130.1%0.1%
White114,4201388.2%84.5%
Two or More Race Groups2,777162.1%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic123,8381395.5%92.6%
Hispanic5,843164.5%7.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2020 (Includes detail not shown below)51,27613100.0%100.0%
Married With Children7,4701414.6%18.3%
Married Without Children15,8291230.9%29.8%
Single Parents5,599910.9%9.3%
Living Alone15,2521129.7%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)59,04613100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2020 (includes vacant units)59,17313100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
35,4181259.9%62.3%
Median Value (2020)$103,80074  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
15,8581226.8%27.4%
Median Rent (2020)$59929  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2020/2021 Total Reported) 19,574131.8%1,112,460
Public18,583131.8%1,033,286
Adults (25+ in 2020 ACS)90,274122.0%4,466,180
with High School diploma or higher89.1%47 89.3%
with B.A. or higher degree18.3%48 27.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2020$42,2837581.4%51,926
Median Household Income in 201954,1455694.0%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 201913.1%22110.1%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1818.6%21123.2%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202117462.7%6,453
Food Stamp Recipients in 202116,88962.7%636,675
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/202010,86482.1%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20191,414121.7%80,859
Births to Teens, 201710772.1%5,152
Deaths, 20191,56092.4%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force58,663141.8%3,321,548
Employed56,257141.8%3,203,166
Unemployed2,406102.0%118,382
Annual Unemployment Rate4.111113.9%3.6
May 2022 Unemployment Rate2.716108.0%2.5

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2020 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work51,790100.0%$2,564,004100.0%$49,508
Wage and Salary41,23479.6%$1,845,74472.0%$44,763
Farm Proprietors6011.2%$28,0051.1%$46,597
Nonfarm Proprietors9,95519.2%$243,8909.5%$24,499
Farm7881.5%$34,6641.4%$43,990
Nonfarm51,00298.5%$2,529,34098.6%$49,593
Private44,72786.4%$2,154,54684.0%$48,171
  Accommodation, Food Serv.4,0927.9%$88,0313.4%$21,513
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,4692.8%$42,5491.7%$28,965
  Construction2,8175.4%$170,7146.7%$60,601
  Health Care, Social Serv.7,27714.1%$435,94917.0%$59,908
  Information3870.7%$23,0890.9%$59,661
  Manufacturing5,36510.4%$414,83316.2%$77,322
  Professional, Tech. Serv.1,6873.3%$67,0642.6%$39,753
  Retail Trade5,48510.6%$168,8596.6%$30,786
  Trans., Warehousing2,6775.2%$151,6495.9%$56,649
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)12,079*23.3%*$482,244*18.8%*$39,924*
Government6,27512.1%$374,79414.6%$59,728

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed293100.0%100.0%$68,359$7,583,249
Single-Family28798.0%74.4%$67,462$6,692,956
2-Family62.0%2.4%897$117,031
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$30,324
5+ Family00.0%22.7%$0$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Madison County

NamePopulation
in 2021
Percent of County
Alexandria5,1343.9%
Anderson54,81741.9%
Chesterfield2,4791.9%*
Country Club Heights970.1%
Edgewood2,0501.6%
Elwood8,3816.4%*
Frankton1,7731.4%
Ingalls2,5061.9%
Lapel2,3541.8%
Markleville4830.4%
Orestes3270.3%
Pendleton4,8403.7%
River Forest240.0%
Summitville9820.8%
Woodlawn Heights890.1%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph