STATS Indiana

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Madison County, Indiana

Formed in 1823 and named in honor of President James Madison

County Seat: Anderson

Largest City: Anderson (2019 population: 54,765)

Population per Square Mile: 286.72

Square Miles: 451.90

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)131,637132.0%6,484,192
Today (2019)129,569131.9%6,732,219
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*127,466141.8%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-1.6%54 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration1637 3,997
Net International Migration6422 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-7686-0.4%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2018NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)7,305125.6%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)20,7331216.0%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)10,942158.4%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)32,3081324.9%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)34,6391226.7%25.6%
Seniors (65 and older)23,714918.3%15.8%
Median Age40.8  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2018NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone533100.4%0.4%
Asian Alone799240.6%2.5%
Black Alone11,091108.6%9.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone78140.1%0.1%
White114,4891388.3%85.1%
Two or More Race Groups2,651142.0%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic124,3021395.9%92.9%
Hispanic5,339164.1%7.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2018 (Includes detail not shown below)51,42213100.0%100.0%
Married With Children8,2711216.1%18.6%
Married Without Children16,0041231.1%29.9%
Single Parents5,577910.8%9.5%
Living Alone14,5641128.3%28.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)59,16413100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2018 (includes vacant units)59,07113100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
35,9351260.8%61.3%
Median Value (2018)$93,70076  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
15,4871426.2%27.6%
Median Rent (2018)$56429  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 19,235121.7%1,111,333
Public18,947121.8%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2018 ACS)90,049122.0%4,399,815
with High School diploma or higher88.1%55 88.6%
with B.A. or higher degree18%41 25.9%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2018$38,1727981.0%47,149
Median Household Income in 201849,5227188.9%$55,725
Poverty Rate in 201817.0%8130.8%13.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1824.7%6141.1%17.5%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201915963.0%5,235
Food Stamp Recipients in 201915,91162.7%581,821
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/202010,86482.1%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20171,401131.7%82,170
Births to Teens, 201710772.1%5,152
Deaths, 20171,53492.3%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force59,452141.8%3,387,366
Employed57,262141.7%3,275,056
Unemployed2,190131.9%112,310
Annual Unemployment Rate3.717112.1%3.3
April 2020 Unemployment Rate18.730109.4%17.1

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2018 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work54,432100.0%$2,441,666100.0%$44,857
Wage and Salary43,02279.0%$1,765,55572.3%$41,038
Farm Proprietors5911.1%$20,2530.8%$34,269
Nonfarm Proprietors10,81919.9%$239,2169.8%$22,111
Farm8281.5%$28,9991.2%$35,023
Nonfarm53,60498.5%$2,412,66798.8%$45,009
Private46,85086.1%$2,050,35284.0%$43,764
  Accommodation, Food Serv.4,4158.1%$91,5443.7%$20,735
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,7023.1%$48,1712.0%$28,303
  Construction2,9195.4%$161,3016.6%$55,259
  Health Care, Social Serv.7,57813.9%$406,11116.6%$53,591
  Information4760.9%$21,9980.9%$46,214
  Manufacturing5,3189.8%$383,06115.7%$72,031
  Professional, Tech. Serv.1,6993.1%$63,7842.6%$37,542
  Retail Trade5,80410.7%$152,2296.2%$26,228
  Trans., Warehousing2,7935.1%$148,6286.1%$53,214
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)12,589*23.1%*$457,945*18.8%*$36,377*
Government6,75412.4%$362,31514.8%$53,645

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed284100.0%100.0%$58,244$4,988,366
Single-Family22880.3%73.1%$50,430$4,298,385
2-Family82.8%1.6%1,937$48,202
3- and 4-Family82.8%0.7%$1,230$26,551
5+ Family4014.1%24.6%$4,646$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Madison County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
Alexandria4,9683.8%
Anderson54,76542.3%
Chesterfield2,4761.9%*
Country Club Heights780.1%
Edgewood1,8581.4%
Elwood8,3886.5%*
Frankton1,8361.4%
Ingalls2,4241.9%
Lapel2,3981.9%
Markleville5130.4%
Orestes4040.3%
Pendleton4,3713.4%
River Forest220.0%
Summitville9830.8%
Woodlawn Heights760.1%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph