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Marion County, Indiana

Named in 1822 for Revolutionary War General Francis Marion

County Seat: Indianapolis

Largest City: Indianapolis (2020 population: 887,756)

Population per Square Mile: 2,438.01

Square Miles: 396.30

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)903,373113.9%6,484,050
Today (2020)966,183114.3%6,754,953
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*993,289113.9%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today7.0%12 4.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2019-2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-5,88092 1,323
Net International Migration3,0451 8,743
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)5,151137.5%13,740

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)68,59717.1%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)168,547117.4%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)90,01819.3%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)290,746130.1%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)221,681122.9%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)126,594113.1%16.5%
Median Age34.4  Median Age = 38.0

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone4,58610.5%0.4%
Asian Alone38,92114.0%2.7%
Black Alone284,946129.5%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone63710.1%0.1%
White606,679162.8%84.5%
Two or More Race Groups30,41413.1%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic859,718189.0%92.6%
Hispanic106,465111.0%7.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (Includes detail not shown below)372,3581100.0%100.0%
Married With Children50,398113.5%18.5%
Married Without Children80,367121.6%29.7%
Single Parents41,215111.1%9.3%
Living Alone140,408137.7%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2020 (estimate)427,9001100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)423,3461100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
200,544147.4%61.5%
Median Value (2019)$136,70030  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
171,814140.6%27.5%
Median Rent (2019)$71610  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2020/2021 Total Reported) 179,220116.1%1,112,460
Public158,547115.3%1,033,286
Adults (25+ in 2019 ACS)626,402114.1%4,430,493
with High School diploma or higher86.1%73 88.8%
with B.A. or higher degree30.9%8 26.5%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2020$59,2646114.1%51,926
Median Household Income in 201950,7077988.0%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 201915.2%8127.7%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1819.4%14128.5%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 20201,594123.9%6,657
Food Stamp Recipients in 2020149,878122.7%659,095
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/2020106,053120.9%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 201914,045117.4%80,859
Births to Teens, 2017923117.9%5,152
Deaths, 20198,246112.5%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force495,063114.9%3,319,010
Employed456,145114.8%3,082,982
Unemployed38,918116.5%236,028
Annual Unemployment Rate7.914111.3%7.1
October 2021 Unemployment Rate3.07120.0%2.5

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2020 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work728,049100.0%$62,991,118100.0%$86,520
Wage and Salary622,59485.5%$40,293,61464.0%$64,719
Farm Proprietors1700.0%$3,0740.0%$18,082
Nonfarm Proprietors105,28514.5%$13,934,65622.1%$132,352
Farm3230.0%$7,6940.0%$23,820
Nonfarm727,726100.0%$62,983,424100.0%$86,548
Private641,59188.1%$56,246,98289.3%$87,668
  Accommodation, Food Serv.40,4395.6%$1,133,3281.8%$28,026
  Arts, Ent., Recreation11,8451.6%$679,4341.1%$57,360
  Construction41,1125.6%$3,322,6455.3%$80,819
  Health Care, Social Serv.102,56314.1%$8,635,68913.7%$84,199
  Information10,2681.4%$935,6991.5%$91,128
  Manufacturing53,2147.3%$6,839,89910.9%$128,536
  Professional, Tech. Serv.55,2217.6%$6,093,9119.7%$110,355
  Retail Trade52,2397.2%$2,227,4983.5%$42,641
  Trans., Warehousing48,7676.7%$2,617,8464.2%$53,681
  Wholesale Trade29,9604.1%$2,864,3124.5%$95,605
  Other Private (not above)195,96326.9%$20,896,72133.2%$106,636
Government86,13511.8%$6,736,44210.7%$78,208

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2020UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed2,344100.0%100.0%$472,768$5,872,297
Single-Family1,20951.6%76.2%$331,449$5,209,930
2-Family341.5%2.5%5,934$83,895
3- and 4-Family944.0%0.8%$10,621$25,965
5+ Family1,00743.0%20.6%$124,764$552,508

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Marion County

NamePopulation
in 2020
Percent of County
Beech Grove14,8981.5%
Clermont1,4660.2%
Crows Nest750.0%
Cumberland2,7740.3%*
Homecroft7640.1%
Indianapolis877,90390.9%
Lawrence49,5455.1%
Meridian Hills1,7180.2%
North Crows Nest470.0%
Rocky Ripple6530.1%
Southport1,7600.2%
Speedway12,2241.3%
Spring Hill1060.0%
Warren Park1,5740.2%
Williams Creek4290.0%
Wynnedale2470.0%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph