STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Orange County, Indiana

Named in 1816 for a county in North Carolina

County Seat: Paoli

Largest City: Paoli (2020 population: 3,604)

Population per Square Mile: 49.32

Square Miles: 398.40

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)19,846740.3%6,484,050
Today (2020)19,651740.3%6,754,953
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*20,280730.3%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-1.0%45 4.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2019-2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-2546 1,323
Net International Migration662 8,743
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)13390.1%13,740

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,265696.4%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)3,2117216.3%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)1,519707.7%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)4,4147522.5%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)5,2317326.6%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)4,0117220.4%16.5%
Median Age42.5  Median Age = 38.0

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone92620.5%0.4%
Asian Alone90700.5%2.7%
Black Alone327471.7%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone4790.0%0.1%
White18,8667496.0%84.5%
Two or More Race Groups272691.4%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic19,2937298.2%92.6%
Hispanic358751.8%7.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (Includes detail not shown below)7,89872100.0%100.0%
Married With Children1,0857813.7%18.5%
Married Without Children2,7007234.2%29.7%
Single Parents8516010.8%9.3%
Living Alone2,2177128.1%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2020 (estimate)9,30571100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)9,21872100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
5,8747363.7%61.5%
Median Value (2019)$94,70078  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,0246622.0%27.5%
Median Rent (2019)$43389  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2020/2021 Total Reported) 2,952700.3%1,112,460
Public2,952700.3%1,033,286
Adults (25+ in 2019 ACS)13,561750.3%4,430,493
with High School diploma or higher83.2%86 88.8%
with B.A. or higher degree10.9%89 26.5%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$38,4328379.0%48,678
Median Household Income in 201947,9318783.2%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 201914.1%15118.5%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1821.3%10141.1%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202022580.3%6,657
Food Stamp Recipients in 20202,174540.3%659,095
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20201,599670.3%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017254690.3%82,170
Births to Teens, 201726500.5%5,152
Deaths, 2017230700.4%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force8,499760.3%3,319,010
Employed7,558760.2%3,082,982
Unemployed941520.4%236,028
Annual Unemployment Rate11.11156.3%7.1
August 2021 Unemployment Rate4.97122.5%4.0

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work10,416100.0%$437,806100.0%$42,032
Wage and Salary8,09977.8%$298,32168.1%$36,834
Farm Proprietors4154.0%$-1,420-0.3%$-3,422
Nonfarm Proprietors1,90218.3%$71,56616.3%$37,627
Farm5064.9%$1,8810.4%$3,717
Nonfarm9,91095.1%$435,92599.6%$43,988
Private8,96586.1%$387,32288.5%$43,204
  Accommodation, Food Serv.2,37822.8%$86,17219.7%$36,237
  Arts, Ent., Recreation2042.0%$3,6190.8%$17,740
  Construction1,11810.7%$98,21922.4%$87,852
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Information570.5%$2,0270.5%$35,561
  Manufacturing1,25612.1%$55,92712.8%$44,528
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade8167.8%$18,9074.3%$23,170
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)1,369*13.1%*$31,986*7.3%*$23,364*
Government9459.1%$48,60311.1%$51,432

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2020UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed9100.0%100.0%$1,080$5,872,297
Single-Family555.6%76.2%$591$5,209,930
2-Family444.4%2.5%490$83,895
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.8%$0$25,965
5+ Family00.0%20.6%$0$552,508

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Orange County

NamePopulation
in 2020
Percent of County
French Lick1,8479.4%
Orleans2,10710.7%
Paoli3,60418.3%
West Baden Springs5572.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph