STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Orange County, Indiana

Named in 1816 for a county in North Carolina

County Seat: Paoli

Largest City: Paoli (2019 population: 3,627)

Population per Square Mile: 49.31

Square Miles: 398.40

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)19,846740.3%6,484,192
Today (2019)19,646740.3%6,732,219
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*20,280730.3%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-1.0%46 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration6429 3,997
Net International Migration1548 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)20490.1%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2019NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,210696.2%6.2%
School Age (5 to 17)3,2587216.6%17.1%
College Age (18 to 24)1,562708.0%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)4,3837522.3%25.5%
Older Adult (45 to 64)5,3437327.2%25.2%
Seniors (65 and older)3,8907219.8%16.1%
Median Age42.4  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2019NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone87630.4%0.4%
Asian Alone84720.4%2.6%
Black Alone325471.7%9.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone4770.0%0.1%
White18,8867496.1%84.8%
Two or More Race Groups260691.3%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic19,2907398.2%92.7%
Hispanic356751.8%7.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2018 (Includes detail not shown below)7,88172100.0%100.0%
Married With Children1,2767516.2%18.6%
Married Without Children2,5897432.9%29.9%
Single Parents761669.7%9.5%
Living Alone2,2566728.6%28.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)9,24172100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2018 (includes vacant units)9,21672100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
5,8857363.9%61.3%
Median Value (2018)$92,20078  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
1,9966721.7%27.6%
Median Rent (2018)$42887  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 3,078700.3%1,111,333
Public3,078700.3%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2018 ACS)13,515750.3%4,399,815
with High School diploma or higher83.3%86 88.6%
with B.A. or higher degree12.3%81 25.9%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2018$38,1248080.9%47,149
Median Household Income in 201844,9688880.7%$55,725
Poverty Rate in 201815.6%16120.0%13.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1821.8%17124.6%17.5%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201922540.4%5,235
Food Stamp Recipients in 20191,845610.3%581,821
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20201,599670.3%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017254690.3%82,170
Births to Teens, 201726500.5%5,152
Deaths, 2017230700.4%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force8,653760.3%3,387,366
Employed8,353760.3%3,275,056
Unemployed300750.3%112,310
Annual Unemployment Rate3.527106.1%3.3
June 2020 Unemployment Rate20.21180.4%11.2

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2018 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work10,200100.0%$437,122100.0%$42,855
Wage and Salary7,92577.7%$297,59568.1%$37,551
Farm Proprietors4044.0%$-286-0.1%$-708
Nonfarm Proprietors1,87118.3%$73,26116.8%$39,156
Farm5075.0%$3,7680.9%$7,432
Nonfarm9,69395.0%$433,35499.1%$44,708
Private8,71485.4%$387,61788.7%$44,482
  Accommodation, Food Serv.2,29122.5%$85,01619.4%$37,109
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1871.8%$3,2210.7%$17,225
  Construction9219.0%$98,97522.6%$107,465
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Information600.6%$2,0680.5%$34,467
  Manufacturing1,22512.0%$55,67112.7%$45,446
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade8648.5%$19,3634.4%$22,411
  Trans., Warehousing3243.2%$18,0214.1%$55,620
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)1,344*13.2%*$31,324*7.2%*$23,307*
Government9799.6%$45,73710.5%$46,718

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed52100.0%100.0%$3,047$4,988,366
Single-Family35.8%73.1%$244$4,298,385
2-Family00.0%1.6%0$48,202
3- and 4-Family917.3%0.7%$750$26,551
5+ Family4076.9%24.6%$2,053$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Orange County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
French Lick1,7779.0%
Orleans2,12510.8%
Paoli3,62718.5%
West Baden Springs5612.9%
city graph