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Shelby County, Indiana

Named after the first governor of Kentucky, Isaac Shelby, and organized in 1822

County Seat: Shelbyville

Largest City: Shelbyville (2021 population: 20,048)

Population per Square Mile: 109.56

Square Miles: 411.10

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)44,379330.7%6,484,050
Today (2021)45,039340.7%6,805,985
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*45,326340.6%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today1.5%30 5.0%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration6850 14,280
Net International Migration1929 4,756
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-8362-12.0%692

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)2,509385.6%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)7,6313616.9%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)3,480377.7%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)10,8163224.0%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)12,4783027.7%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)8,1253218.0%16.4%
Median Age41.4  Median Age = 38.1

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone153420.3%0.4%
Asian Alone378310.8%2.7%
Black Alone688371.5%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone64200.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups628361.4%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2020 (Includes detail not shown below)17,90232100.0%100.0%
Married With Children3,4683319.4%18.3%
Married Without Children5,8873232.9%29.8%
Single Parents1,306367.3%9.3%
Living Alone4,9953127.9%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)19,48733100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2020 (includes vacant units)19,39534100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2020)$139,30036  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2020)$64218  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 7,537330.7%1,120,155
Adults (25+ in 2020 ACS)31,002320.7%4,466,180
with High School diploma or higher88.3%55 89.3%
with B.A. or higher degree19%39 27.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2020$48,6283193.6%51,926
Median Household Income in 202059,2524797.5%$60,794
Poverty Rate in 20209.4%6381.0%11.6%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1811.8%6379.2%14.9%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202132330.5%6,453
Food Stamp Recipients in 20213,671310.6%636,675
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20203,631310.7%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019482380.6%80,859
Births to Teens, 201727470.5%5,152
Deaths, 2019473350.7%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force23,037300.7%3,321,548
Annual Unemployment Rate3.04383.3%3.6
August 2022 Unemployment Rate2.55980.6%3.1

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2020 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work22,595100.0%$1,222,072100.0%$54,086
Wage and Salary17,94879.4%$868,10171.0%$48,368
Farm Proprietors4612.0%$31,8592.6%$69,108
Nonfarm Proprietors4,18618.5%$112,5379.2%$26,884
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,3225.9%$26,1932.1%$19,813
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,0354.6%$44,2283.6%$42,732
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,5446.8%$83,5256.8%$54,097
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade1,9118.5%$60,3814.9%$31,597
  Trans., Warehousing1,3936.2%$84,7936.9%$60,871
  Wholesale Trade6332.8%$43,2753.5%$68,365
  Other Private (not above)4,466*19.8%*$165,708*13.6%*$37,104*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed131100.0%100.0%$32,553$7,583,249
3- and 4-Family86.1%0.4%$2,516$30,324
5+ Family00.0%22.7%$0$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Shelby County

in 2021
Percent of County
St. Paul3750.8%*
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph