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Shelby County, Indiana

Named after the first governor of Kentucky, Isaac Shelby, and organized in 1822

County Seat: Shelbyville

Largest City: Shelbyville (2019 population: 19,407)

Population per Square Mile: 108.80

Square Miles: 411.10

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)44,379330.7%6,484,051
Today (2019)44,729330.7%6,731,010
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*45,326340.6%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today0.8%31 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration12619 3,997
Net International Migration3232 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)50330.3%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2019NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)2,625365.9%6.2%
School Age (5 to 17)7,4813616.7%17.1%
College Age (18 to 24)3,429397.7%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)10,7043323.9%25.5%
Older Adult (45 to 64)12,6613028.3%25.2%
Seniors (65 and older)7,8293317.5%16.1%
Median Age41.5  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2019NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone153400.3%0.4%
Asian Alone371320.8%2.6%
Black Alone636361.4%9.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone61200.1%0.1%
White42,9263396.0%84.8%
Two or More Race Groups582371.3%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic42,7823195.6%92.7%
Hispanic1,947344.4%7.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (Includes detail not shown below)17,82332100.0%100.0%
Married With Children3,4123419.1%18.5%
Married Without Children5,9263233.2%29.7%
Single Parents1,499338.4%9.3%
Living Alone4,7203226.5%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)19,50034100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)19,32934100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
13,0643367.6%61.5%
Median Value (2019)$133,20032  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
4,7593024.6%27.5%
Median Rent (2019)$64618  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 7,730320.7%1,111,333
Public7,609310.7%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2019 ACS)30,884320.7%4,430,493
with High School diploma or higher87.3%66 88.8%
with B.A. or higher degree18.7%35 26.5%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$44,7993592.0%48,678
Median Household Income in 201959,79830103.8%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 201910.1%5484.9%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1813.4%5688.7%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202038320.6%6,657
Food Stamp Recipients in 20203,882290.6%659,095
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20203,631310.7%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017499360.6%82,170
Births to Teens, 201727470.5%5,152
Deaths, 2017501320.8%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force23,275300.7%3,382,491
Employed22,600300.7%3,273,070
Unemployed675330.6%109,421
Annual Unemployment Rate2.96690.6%3.2
February 2021 Unemployment Rate4.15387.2%4.7

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work24,410100.0%$1,233,021100.0%$50,513
Wage and Salary19,30879.1%$904,05373.3%$46,823
Farm Proprietors4651.9%$1,5910.1%$3,422
Nonfarm Proprietors4,63719.0%$112,7699.1%$24,319
Farm6022.5%$7,1450.6%$11,869
Nonfarm23,80897.5%$1,225,87699.4%$51,490
Private20,94285.8%$1,048,26285.0%$50,055
  Accommodation, Food Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Arts, Ent., RecreationData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Construction1,6926.9%$100,6628.2%$59,493
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,5026.2%$77,3476.3%$51,496
  Information1020.4%$2,5970.2%$25,461
  Manufacturing5,24921.5%$396,65132.2%$75,567
  Professional, Tech. Serv.6032.5%$43,1173.5%$71,504
  Retail Trade2,0168.3%$58,4444.7%$28,990
  Trans., Warehousing1,6526.8%$100,0618.1%$60,570
  Wholesale Trade6532.7%$40,7133.3%$62,348
  Other Private (not above)4,99120.4%$159,83513.0%$32,025
Government2,86611.7%$177,61414.4%$61,973

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed52100.0%100.0%$9,310$4,988,366
Single-Family52100.0%73.1%$9,310$4,298,385
2-Family00.0%1.6%0$48,202
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.7%$0$26,551
5+ Family00.0%24.6%$0$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Shelby County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
Edinburgh1040.2%*
Fairland5791.3%
Morristown1,3403.0%
St. Paul4381.0%*
Shelbyville19,40743.4%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph