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Shelby County, Indiana

Named after the first governor of Kentucky, Isaac Shelby, and organized in 1822

County Seat: Shelbyville

Largest City: Shelbyville (2019 population: 19,407)

Population per Square Mile: 108.80

Square Miles: 411.10

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)44,379330.7%6,484,192
Today (2019)44,729330.7%6,732,219
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*45,326340.6%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today0.8%31 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration12619 3,997
Net International Migration3232 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)50330.3%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2019NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)2,625365.9%6.2%
School Age (5 to 17)7,4813616.7%17.1%
College Age (18 to 24)3,429397.7%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)10,7043323.9%25.5%
Older Adult (45 to 64)12,6613028.3%25.2%
Seniors (65 and older)7,8293317.5%16.1%
Median Age41.5  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2019NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone153400.3%0.4%
Asian Alone371320.8%2.6%
Black Alone636361.4%9.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone61200.1%0.1%
White42,9263396.0%84.8%
Two or More Race Groups582371.3%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic42,7823195.6%92.7%
Hispanic1,947344.4%7.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2018 (Includes detail not shown below)17,72532100.0%100.0%
Married With Children3,1763517.9%18.6%
Married Without Children6,0923234.4%29.9%
Single Parents1,539348.7%9.5%
Living Alone4,6323026.1%28.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)19,50034100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2018 (includes vacant units)19,27134100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
12,9893267.4%61.3%
Median Value (2018)$130,10031  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
4,7363024.6%27.6%
Median Rent (2018)$62618  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 7,730320.7%1,111,333
Public7,609310.7%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2018 ACS)30,745330.7%4,399,815
with High School diploma or higher88%58 88.6%
with B.A. or higher degree19.4%32 25.9%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2018$43,8543293.0%47,149
Median Household Income in 201857,19332102.6%$55,725
Poverty Rate in 201811.6%4689.2%13.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1816.6%4494.9%17.5%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201935300.7%5,235
Food Stamp Recipients in 20193,276300.6%581,821
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20203,631310.7%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017499360.6%82,170
Births to Teens, 201727470.5%5,152
Deaths, 2017501320.8%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force23,275300.7%3,387,366
Employed22,600300.7%3,275,056
Unemployed675330.6%112,310
Annual Unemployment Rate2.96687.9%3.3
August 2020 Unemployment Rate5.93090.8%6.5

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2018 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work24,495100.0%$1,207,457100.0%$49,294
Wage and Salary19,45379.4%$881,56873.0%$45,318
Farm Proprietors4812.0%$15,8571.3%$32,967
Nonfarm Proprietors4,56118.6%$102,7528.5%$22,528
Farm6372.6%$22,6691.9%$35,587
Nonfarm23,85897.4%$1,184,78898.1%$49,660
Private20,97985.6%$1,020,67584.5%$48,652
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,3565.5%$25,8082.1%$19,032
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,1154.6%$40,4223.3%$36,253
  Construction1,5906.5%$90,0917.5%$56,661
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,5446.3%$75,9736.3%$49,205
  Information880.4%$3,3410.3%$37,966
  Manufacturing5,42622.2%$399,75833.1%$73,675
  Professional, Tech. Serv.5492.2%$31,9452.6%$58,188
  Retail Trade2,0698.4%$58,5234.8%$28,286
  Trans., Warehousing1,6616.8%$93,9217.8%$56,545
  Wholesale Trade5962.4%$38,1123.2%$63,946
  Other Private (not above)4,98520.4%$162,78113.5%$32,654
Government2,87911.8%$164,11313.6%$57,003

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed52100.0%100.0%$9,310$4,988,366
Single-Family52100.0%73.1%$9,310$4,298,385
2-Family00.0%1.6%0$48,202
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.7%$0$26,551
5+ Family00.0%24.6%$0$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Shelby County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
Edinburgh1040.2%*
Fairland5791.3%
Morristown1,3403.0%
St. Paul4381.0%*
Shelbyville19,40743.4%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph