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Tippecanoe County, Indiana

Named for the famous 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe, the Tippecanoe River and organized in 1826

County Seat: Lafayette

Largest City: Lafayette (2017 population: 72,390)

Population per Square Mile: 386.25

Square Miles: 499.80

Go to county's site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)172,80382.7%6,484,192
Today (2018)193,04872.9%6,691,878
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*190,53072.8%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today11.7%4 3.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2017-2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-1,18891 3,555
Net International Migration1,4252 9,227
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)1,12855.9%19,211

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2017NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)11,58576.1%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)28,2981014.8%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)44,933223.6%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)47,184824.8%25.3%
Older Adult (45 to 64)37,0271119.4%25.9%
Seniors (65 and older)21,5601211.3%15.4%
Median Age28.2  Median Age = 37.7

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2017NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone72370.4%0.4%
Asian Alone16,18838.5%2.4%
Black Alone10,477115.5%9.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone103100.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups4,04582.1%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2017 (Includes detail not shown below)68,7718100.0%100.0%
Married With Children12,4241018.1%18.8%
Married Without Children17,0931124.9%30.0%
Single Parents5,79888.4%9.6%
Living Alone20,059729.2%28.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2017 (estimate)75,9128100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2017 (includes vacant units)74,7218100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2017)$144,30017  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2017)$6809  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2018/2019 Total Reported) 25,350112.3%1,117,590
Adults (25+ in 2017 ACS)102,561102.3%4,369,451
with High School diploma or higher91.3%10 88.3%
with B.A. or higher degree36.9%4 25.3%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2017$36,9077181.7%45,150
Median Household Income in 201752,8584097.6%$54,134
Poverty Rate in 201718.0%6135.3%13.3%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1816.1%5490.4%17.8%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2018106131.8%6,032
Food Stamp Recipients in 201811,993112.0%605,854
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2018/201910,78072.1%514,915

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20172,24072.7%82,170
Births to Teens, 201710772.1%5,152
Deaths, 20171,285132.0%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force97,69372.9%3,381,713
Annual Unemployment Rate3.25594.1%3.4
April 2019 Unemployment Rate2.57080.6%3.1

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2017 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work111,303100.0%$5,908,257100.0%$53,083
Wage and Salary95,22285.6%$4,309,03372.9%$45,252
Farm Proprietors5880.5%$-12,709-0.2%$-21,614
Nonfarm Proprietors15,49313.9%$474,6568.0%$30,637
  Accommodation, Food Serv.8,9778.1%$193,6293.3%$21,569
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,4591.3%$16,4890.3%$11,302
  Health Care, Social Serv.12,51611.2%$827,46314.0%$66,112
  Professional, Tech. Serv.4,8624.4%$247,0994.2%$50,823
  Retail Trade10,6819.6%$314,4295.3%$29,438
  Trans., Warehousing2,6712.4%$139,2092.4%$52,119
  Wholesale Trade2,1061.9%$149,1202.5%$70,807
  Other Private (not above)20,799*18.7%*$763,759*12.9%*$36,721*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2017UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed899100.0%100.0%$172,099$4,583,500
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$13,000
5+ Family38342.6%23.4%$50,851$469,056

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Tippecanoe County

in 2017
Percent of County
Battle Ground1,9461.0%
Clarks Hill7110.4%
West Lafayette46,26924.0%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph