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Tippecanoe County, Indiana

Named for the famous 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe, the Tippecanoe River and organized in 1826

County Seat: Lafayette

Largest City: Lafayette (2013 population: 70,373)

Population per Square Mile: 360.49

Square Miles: 499.80

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)172,78082.7%6,483,797
Today (2013)180,17482.7%6,570,713
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*190,53072.8%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today4.3%4 1.3%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2012-2013NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration5720 -1,515
Net International Migration1,1172 10,400
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)1,16664.6%25,233

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2013NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)11,06586.1%6.4%
School Age (5 to 17)26,0231114.4%17.7%
College Age (18 to 24)43,429324.1%10.1%
Young Adult (25 to 44)45,160825.1%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)36,1991120.1%26.4%
Seniors (65 and older)18,2981210.2%13.9%
Median Age28.1  Median Age = 37.4

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2013NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone67660.4%0.4%
Asian Alone12,24536.8%1.9%
Black Alone8,551114.7%9.5%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone11480.1%0.1%
White155,080886.1%86.3%
Two or More Race Groups3,50881.9%1.8%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic165,889892.1%93.6%
Hispanic14,28577.9%6.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2013 (Includes detail not shown below)66,6678100.0%100.0%
Married With Children12,4321018.6%19.8%
Married Without Children16,9341025.4%30.1%
Single Parents5,26087.9%9.8%
Living Alone19,452729.2%27.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2013 (estimate)72,7898100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2013 (includes vacant units)71,7088100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
36,1531150.4%62.0%
Median Value (2013)$130,90022  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
30,514542.6%26.6%
Median Rent (2013)$6507  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2012/2013 Total Reported) 23,847112.1%1,115,499
Public21,763112.1%1,039,411
Adults (25+ in 2013 ACS)96,245102.3%4,258,878
with High School diploma or higher90.7%10 87.2%
with B.A. or higher degree35.7%4 23.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2013$32,9617385.3%38,622
Median Household Income in 201347,80840100.6%$47,508
Poverty Rate in 201319.6%9124.1%15.8%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1818.5%5784.5%21.9%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2013208121.8%11,711
Food Stamp Recipients in 201318,399112.0%922,273
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 20139,85281.9%509,427

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20122,31682.8%83,250
Births to Teens, 201217672.4%7,431
Deaths, 20121,059151.8%59,168

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2013NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force85,90582.7%3,179,935
Employed80,06682.7%2,940,897
Unemployed5,83992.4%239,038
Annual Unemployment Rate6.86890.7%7.5
December 2014 Unemployment Rate4.97584.5%5.8

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2013 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work104,705100.0%$5,019,951100.0%$47,944
Wage and Salary90,11286.1%$3,631,04772.3%$40,295
Farm Proprietors6080.6%$67,4741.3%$110,977
Nonfarm Proprietors13,98513.4%$337,8496.7%$24,158
Farm8420.8%$75,7941.5%$90,017
Nonfarm103,86399.2%$4,944,15798.5%$47,603
Private79,44575.9%$3,519,90870.1%$44,306
  Accommodation, Food Serv.8,1747.8%$152,3693.0%$18,641
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,2541.2%$10,1570.2%$8,100
  Construction3,8743.7%$186,3353.7%$48,099
  Health Care, Social Serv.11,68311.2%$686,54113.7%$58,764
  Information1,2571.2%$49,1771.0%$39,123
  Manufacturing13,95113.3%$1,068,57521.3%$76,595
  Professional, Tech. Serv.4,7284.5%$228,1444.5%$48,254
  Retail Trade10,66210.2%$276,1565.5%$25,901
  Trans., Warehousing2,0411.9%$103,4602.1%$50,691
  Wholesale Trade2,1082.0%$134,1412.7%$63,634
  Other Private (not above)19,384*18.5%*$616,221*12.3%*$31,790*
Government24,41823.3%$1,424,24928.4%$58,328

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2013UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,080100.0%100.0%$129,670$3,065,788
Single-Family46643.1%67.3%$94,171$2,631,508
2-Family00.0%2.2%0$38,302
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$13,598
5+ Family61456.9%29.6%$35,499$382,380

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Tippecanoe County

NamePopulation
in 2013
Percent of County
Battle Ground1,4310.8%
Clarks Hill6470.4%
Dayton1,5240.8%
Lafayette70,37339.1%
Otterbein3750.2%*
Shadeland1,7161.0%
West Lafayette30,87517.1%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph