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Tippecanoe County, Indiana

Named for the famous 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe, the Tippecanoe River and organized in 1826

County Seat: Lafayette

Largest City: Lafayette (2020 population: 71,484)

Population per Square Mile: 392.39

Square Miles: 499.80

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)172,80182.7%6,484,050
Today (2020)196,11572.9%6,754,953
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*204,84282.9%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today13.5%6 4.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2019-2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-76988 1,323
Net International Migration1,1502 8,743
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)83866.1%13,740

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)10,95275.6%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)28,755914.7%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)45,927223.4%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)49,251725.1%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)37,2941119.0%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)23,9361212.2%16.5%
Median Age28.9  Median Age = 38.0

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone76970.4%0.4%
Asian Alone16,22448.3%2.7%
Black Alone12,050106.1%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone12490.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups4,53682.3%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (Includes detail not shown below)70,5268100.0%100.0%
Married With Children12,1951017.3%18.5%
Married Without Children16,7911123.8%29.7%
Single Parents5,62998.0%9.3%
Living Alone22,372731.7%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2020 (estimate)79,5348100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)76,2978100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2019)$153,00018  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2019)$71311  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2020/2021 Total Reported) 25,880112.3%1,112,460
Adults (25+ in 2019 ACS)105,826102.4%4,430,493
with High School diploma or higher91.6%16 88.8%
with B.A. or higher degree38.7%4 26.5%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$39,5257381.2%48,678
Median Household Income in 201951,2287788.9%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 201916.1%5135.3%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1814.0%5392.7%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2020133102.0%6,657
Food Stamp Recipients in 202014,121102.1%659,095
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/202010,91272.1%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20172,24072.7%82,170
Births to Teens, 201710772.1%5,152
Deaths, 20171,285132.0%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force94,14772.8%3,319,010
Annual Unemployment Rate6.35388.7%7.1
August 2021 Unemployment Rate3.64190.0%4.0

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work116,469100.0%$6,470,854100.0%$55,559
Wage and Salary98,71384.8%$4,737,44473.2%$47,992
Farm Proprietors5640.5%$-3,408-0.1%$-6,043
Nonfarm Proprietors17,19214.8%$484,7887.5%$28,198
  Accommodation, Food Serv.9,2768.0%$212,6303.3%$22,923
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,7121.5%$18,1690.3%$10,613
  Health Care, Social Serv.13,28611.4%$864,40813.4%$65,062
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade10,5039.0%$331,2235.1%$31,536
  Trans., Warehousing3,2532.8%$163,4532.5%$50,247
  Wholesale Trade2,2551.9%$159,7142.5%$70,827
  Other Private (not above)20,716*17.8%*$747,195*11.5%*$36,068*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2020UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,317100.0%100.0%$213,635$5,872,297
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.8%$0$25,965
5+ Family91669.6%20.6%$105,837$552,508

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Tippecanoe County

in 2020
Percent of County
Battle Ground1,9731.0%
Clarks Hill7340.4%
West Lafayette51,60526.3%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph