STATS Indiana

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Tippecanoe County, Indiana

Named for the famous 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe, the Tippecanoe River and organized in 1826

County Seat: Lafayette

Largest City: Lafayette (2019 population: 71,721)

Population per Square Mile: 391.62

Square Miles: 499.80

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)172,80382.7%6,484,192
Today (2019)195,73272.9%6,732,219
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*204,84282.9%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today13.3%4 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-1,15991 3,997
Net International Migration2,0702 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)99255.4%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2019NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)11,36475.8%6.2%
School Age (5 to 17)28,962914.8%17.1%
College Age (18 to 24)46,422223.7%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)48,663724.9%25.5%
Older Adult (45 to 64)37,0411118.9%25.2%
Seniors (65 and older)23,2801211.9%16.1%
Median Age28.4  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2019NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone75660.4%0.4%
Asian Alone17,16648.8%2.6%
Black Alone11,551105.9%9.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone109110.1%0.1%
White161,838782.7%84.8%
Two or More Race Groups4,31282.2%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic178,669691.3%92.7%
Hispanic17,06378.7%7.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2018 (Includes detail not shown below)69,1128100.0%100.0%
Married With Children12,1791017.6%18.6%
Married Without Children16,7741124.3%29.9%
Single Parents5,81788.4%9.5%
Living Alone20,722730.0%28.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)78,3248100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2018 (includes vacant units)75,4308100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
37,5711149.8%61.3%
Median Value (2018)$148,80018  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
31,541541.8%27.6%
Median Rent (2018)$69510  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 25,503112.3%1,111,333
Public24,313102.3%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2018 ACS)104,357102.4%4,399,815
with High School diploma or higher91.7%11 88.6%
with B.A. or higher degree37.7%4 25.9%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$39,5257381.2%48,678
Median Household Income in 201852,2695793.8%$55,725
Poverty Rate in 201818.1%5139.2%13.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1814.7%5984.0%17.5%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201990131.7%5,235
Food Stamp Recipients in 201911,461112.0%581,821
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/202010,91272.1%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20172,24072.7%82,170
Births to Teens, 201710772.1%5,152
Deaths, 20171,285132.0%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force99,14872.9%3,387,366
Employed96,24572.9%3,275,056
Unemployed2,90392.6%112,310
Annual Unemployment Rate2.96687.9%3.3
October 2020 Unemployment Rate4.42791.7%4.8

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work116,469100.0%$6,470,854100.0%$55,559
Wage and Salary98,71384.8%$4,737,44473.2%$47,992
Farm Proprietors5640.5%$-3,408-0.1%$-6,043
Nonfarm Proprietors17,19214.8%$484,7887.5%$28,198
Farm8080.7%$5,2290.1%$6,472
Nonfarm115,66199.3%$6,465,62599.9%$55,902
Private90,29477.5%$4,742,69773.3%$52,525
  Accommodation, Food Serv.9,2768.0%$212,6303.3%$22,923
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,7121.5%$18,1690.3%$10,613
  Construction4,7594.1%$302,2004.7%$63,501
  Health Care, Social Serv.13,28611.4%$864,40813.4%$65,062
  Information9560.8%$59,1270.9%$61,848
  Manufacturing17,43715.0%$1,536,96423.8%$88,144
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade10,5039.0%$331,2235.1%$31,536
  Trans., Warehousing3,2532.8%$163,4532.5%$50,247
  Wholesale Trade2,2551.9%$159,7142.5%$70,827
  Other Private (not above)20,716*17.8%*$747,195*11.5%*$36,068*
Government25,36721.8%$1,722,92826.6%$67,920

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,297100.0%100.0%$199,056$4,988,366
Single-Family44934.6%73.1%$113,271$4,298,385
2-Family120.9%1.6%1,743$48,202
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.7%$0$26,551
5+ Family83664.5%24.6%$84,041$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Tippecanoe County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
Battle Ground1,9751.0%
Clarks Hill7270.4%
Dayton1,6680.9%
Lafayette71,72136.6%
Otterbein3990.2%*
Shadeland1,9161.0%
West Lafayette50,99626.1%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph