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Tippecanoe County, Indiana

Named for the famous 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe, the Tippecanoe River and organized in 1826

County Seat: Lafayette

Largest City: Lafayette (2014 population: 70,654)

Population per Square Mile: 366.29

Square Miles: 499.80

Go to county's site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)172,78082.7%6,483,797
Today (2014)183,07472.8%6,596,855
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*190,53072.8%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today6.0%4 1.7%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2013-2014NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-45287 -7,849
Net International Migration1,3942 10,472
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)1,26355.1%24,994

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2014NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)11,34786.2%6.4%
School Age (5 to 17)26,6871114.6%17.6%
College Age (18 to 24)44,021324.0%10.1%
Young Adult (25 to 44)45,506824.9%25.3%
Older Adult (45 to 64)36,5841120.0%26.3%
Seniors (65 and older)18,9291210.3%14.3%
Median Age28.0  Median Age = 37.5

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2014NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone68760.4%0.4%
Asian Alone13,21337.2%2.0%
Black Alone9,016114.9%9.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone11780.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups3,65582.0%1.9%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2013 (Includes detail not shown below)66,6678100.0%100.0%
Married With Children12,4321018.6%19.8%
Married Without Children16,9341025.4%30.1%
Single Parents5,26087.9%9.8%
Living Alone19,452729.2%27.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2014 (estimate)73,9018100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2013 (includes vacant units)71,7088100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2013)$130,90022  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2013)$6507  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2014/2015 Total Reported) 24,934112.2%1,130,285
Adults (25+ in 2013 ACS)96,245102.3%4,258,878
with High School diploma or higher90.7%10 87.2%
with B.A. or higher degree35.7%4 23.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2014$33,2667584.1%39,578
Median Household Income in 201347,80840100.6%$47,508
Poverty Rate in 201319.6%9124.1%15.8%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1818.5%5784.5%21.9%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2014170141.8%9,498
Food Stamp Recipients in 201417,156112.0%878,155
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 201410,29382.0%514,128

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20132,22182.7%83,115
Births to Teens, 201316382.4%6,810
Deaths, 20131,109141.8%60,445

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2014NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force91,07182.8%3,230,540
Annual Unemployment Rate5.17485.0%6.0
October 2015 Unemployment Rate3.75988.1%4.2

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2014 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work106,566100.0%$5,192,439100.0%$48,725
Wage and Salary91,63386.0%$3,813,42873.4%$41,616
Farm Proprietors6030.6%$32,1050.6%$53,242
Nonfarm Proprietors14,33013.4%$336,7996.5%$23,503
  Accommodation, Food Serv.8,4617.9%$165,3703.2%$19,545
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,2791.2%$11,4870.2%$8,981
  Health Care, Social Serv.11,60310.9%$676,94613.0%$58,342
  Professional, Tech. Serv.4,7324.4%$242,1204.7%$51,167
  Retail Trade10,85410.2%$290,6025.6%$26,774
  Trans., Warehousing2,3772.2%$120,0182.3%$50,491
  Wholesale Trade1,9821.9%$137,5392.6%$69,394
  Other Private (not above)20,094*18.9%*$660,869*12.7%*$32,889*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2014UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,055100.0%100.0%$158,393$3,222,176
3- and 4-Family171.6%1.1%$2,088$18,185
5+ Family46844.4%28.7%$42,024$415,155

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Tippecanoe County

in 2014
Percent of County
Battle Ground1,4590.8%
Clarks Hill6650.4%
West Lafayette32,10917.5%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph