STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Union County, Indiana

Organized in 1821 from pieces of Fayette, Franklin and Wayne counties and named for the resulting "union"

County Seat: Liberty

Largest City: Liberty (2019 population: 1,986)

Population per Square Mile: 43.76

Square Miles: 161.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)7,516910.1%6,484,192
Today (2019)7,054910.1%6,732,219
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*7,663910.1%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-6.1%90 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration3732 3,997
Net International Migration-1091 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)0610.0%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2019NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)390915.5%6.2%
School Age (5 to 17)1,0769115.3%17.1%
College Age (18 to 24)560907.9%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)1,5999122.7%25.5%
Older Adult (45 to 64)2,0399128.9%25.2%
Seniors (65 and older)1,3909119.7%16.1%
Median Age43.6  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2019NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone21910.3%0.4%
Asian Alone29890.4%2.6%
Black Alone68891.0%9.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone3820.0%0.1%
White6,8219196.7%84.8%
Two or More Race Groups112881.6%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic6,9279198.2%92.7%
Hispanic127901.8%7.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2018 (Includes detail not shown below)2,84691100.0%100.0%
Married With Children4749116.7%18.6%
Married Without Children9919234.8%29.9%
Single Parents195916.9%9.5%
Living Alone8419029.6%28.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)3,27091100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2018 (includes vacant units)3,25291100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,0229162.2%61.3%
Median Value (2018)$112,10053  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
8248925.3%27.6%
Median Rent (2018)$54540  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 1,287910.1%1,111,333
Public1,287910.1%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2018 ACS)5,023910.1%4,399,815
with High School diploma or higher88.6%44 88.6%
with B.A. or higher degree16.9%49 25.9%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$40,6596883.5%48,678
Median Household Income in 201850,3006590.3%$55,725
Poverty Rate in 201810.7%5982.3%13.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1816.8%4296.0%17.5%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 20197910.1%5,235
Food Stamp Recipients in 2019495900.1%581,821
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/2020670900.1%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 201769920.1%82,170
Births to Teens, 20175860.1%5,152
Deaths, 201781890.1%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force3,574910.1%3,387,366
Employed3,457910.1%3,275,056
Unemployed117910.1%112,310
Annual Unemployment Rate3.335100.0%3.3
October 2020 Unemployment Rate3.18864.6%4.8

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work2,437100.0%$89,010100.0%$36,524
Wage and Salary1,51062.0%$50,70657.0%$33,580
Farm Proprietors1968.0%$2370.3%$1,209
Nonfarm Proprietors73130.0%$22,84425.7%$31,250
Farm2399.8%$1,0291.2%$4,305
Nonfarm2,19890.2%$87,98198.8%$40,028
Private1,76672.5%$67,78376.2%$38,382
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1445.9%$3,6364.1%$25,250
  Arts, Ent., Recreation120.5%$8501.0%$70,833
  Construction1727.1%$7,2878.2%$42,366
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  InformationData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Manufacturing26711.0%$14,72816.5%$55,161
  Professional, Tech. Serv.652.7%$2,0952.4%$32,231
  Retail Trade28511.7%$7,5398.5%$26,453
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade602.5%$2,8633.2%$47,717
  Other Private (not above)375*15.4%*$8,737*9.8%*$23,299*
Government43217.7%$20,19822.7%$46,755

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed11100.0%100.0%$1,703$4,988,366
Single-Family11100.0%73.1%$1,703$4,298,385
2-Family00.0%1.6%0$48,202
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.7%$0$26,551
5+ Family00.0%24.6%$0$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Union County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
Liberty1,98628.2%
West College Corner6268.9%
city graph