STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Union County, Indiana

Organized in 1821 from pieces of Fayette, Franklin and Wayne counties and named for the resulting "union"

County Seat: Liberty

Largest City: Liberty (2018 population: 1,992)

Population per Square Mile: 43.65

Square Miles: 161.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)7,516910.1%6,484,192
Today (2018)7,037910.1%6,691,878
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*7,632910.1%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-6.4%90 3.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2017-2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-11468 3,555
Net International Migration-990 9,227
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-367-0.0%19,211

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2018NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)374915.3%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)1,0509114.9%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)567908.1%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)1,6009122.7%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)2,0839129.6%25.6%
Seniors (65 and older)1,3639119.4%15.8%
Median Age44.1  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2018NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone21910.3%0.4%
Asian Alone34880.5%2.5%
Black Alone67881.0%9.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone3820.0%0.1%
White6,7999196.6%85.1%
Two or More Race Groups113881.6%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic6,9079198.2%92.9%
Hispanic130901.8%7.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2017 (Includes detail not shown below)2,86091100.0%100.0%
Married With Children4879117.0%18.8%
Married Without Children9299232.5%30.0%
Single Parents176916.2%9.6%
Living Alone9759034.1%28.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2018 (estimate)3,25991100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2017 (includes vacant units)3,24891100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,0769163.9%61.2%
Median Value (2017)$109,90053  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
7848924.1%27.7%
Median Rent (2017)$50455  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2018/2019 Total Reported) 1,294910.1%1,117,590
Public1,294910.1%1,054,903
Adults (25+ in 2017 ACS)4,973910.1%4,369,451
with High School diploma or higher88.4%44 88.3%
with B.A. or higher degree17.6%43 25.3%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2018$38,9987282.7%47,149
Median Household Income in 201748,2067089.0%$54,134
Poverty Rate in 201710.7%5980.5%13.3%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1817.7%4199.4%17.8%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 20187900.1%6,032
Food Stamp Recipients in 2018547900.1%605,854
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2018/2019616900.1%514,915

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 201769920.1%82,170
Births to Teens, 20175860.1%5,152
Deaths, 201781890.1%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force3,671910.1%3,381,713
Employed3,556910.1%3,265,580
Unemployed115910.1%116,133
Annual Unemployment Rate3.16291.2%3.4
October 2019 Unemployment Rate2.85193.3%3.0

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2018 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work2,374100.0%$86,344100.0%$36,371
Wage and Salary1,47061.9%$49,33957.1%$33,564
Farm Proprietors2028.5%$2,4922.9%$12,337
Nonfarm Proprietors70229.6%$20,68224.0%$29,462
Farm25110.6%$3,4804.0%$13,865
Nonfarm2,12389.4%$82,86496.0%$39,032
Private1,69371.3%$63,57373.6%$37,551
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1456.1%$3,6984.3%$25,503
  Arts, Ent., Recreation120.5%$1,1561.3%$96,333
  Construction1405.9%$6,5407.6%$46,714
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Information110.5%$4410.5%$40,091
  Manufacturing26011.0%$14,23716.5%$54,758
  Professional, Tech. Serv.582.4%$1,6271.9%$28,052
  Retail Trade25310.7%$6,4667.5%$25,557
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade562.4%$2,9493.4%$52,661
  Other Private (not above)271*11.4%*$7,764*9.0%*$28,649*
Government43018.1%$19,29122.3%$44,863

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2018UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed7100.0%100.0%$1,260$4,879,857
Single-Family7100.0%76.4%$1,260$4,269,197
2-Family00.0%2.0%0$49,353
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.2%$0$6,163
5+ Family00.0%21.4%$0$555,144

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Union County

NamePopulation
in 2018
Percent of County
Liberty1,99228.3%
West College Corner6298.9%
city graph