STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Union County, Indiana

Organized in 1821 from pieces of Fayette, Franklin and Wayne counties and named for the resulting "union"

County Seat: Liberty

Largest City: Liberty (2021 population: 1,995)

Population per Square Mile: 43.72

Square Miles: 161.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)7,516910.1%6,484,050
Today (2021)7,047910.1%6,805,985
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*7,663910.1%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-6.2%86 5.0%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-3972 14,280
Net International Migration264 4,756
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-624-0.9%692

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)400915.7%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)1,1159115.8%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)546917.7%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)1,6069122.8%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)1,9489127.6%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)1,4329120.3%16.4%
Median Age43.4  Median Age = 38.1

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone21910.3%0.4%
Asian Alone30890.4%2.7%
Black Alone88881.2%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone5740.1%0.1%
White6,7849196.3%84.2%
Two or More Race Groups119881.7%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic6,8839197.7%92.3%
Hispanic164902.3%7.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2020 (Includes detail not shown below)2,84891100.0%100.0%
Married With Children5608919.7%18.3%
Married Without Children1,1459040.2%29.8%
Single Parents198917.0%9.3%
Living Alone6979224.5%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)3,25191100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2020 (includes vacant units)3,26691100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,1749166.6%62.3%
Median Value (2020)$128,20048  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
6749020.6%27.4%
Median Rent (2020)$57537  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 1,299910.1%1,120,155
Public1,299910.1%1,036,519
Adults (25+ in 2020 ACS)5,101910.1%4,466,180
with High School diploma or higher87.7%68 89.3%
with B.A. or higher degree19.2%37 27.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$47,3597183.8%56,497
Median Household Income in 202059,0985197.2%$60,794
Poverty Rate in 202010.0%5186.2%11.6%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1815.1%39101.3%14.9%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202111840.2%6,453
Food Stamp Recipients in 2021538900.1%636,675
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/2022611900.1%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 201999900.1%80,859
Births to Teens, 20175860.1%5,152
Deaths, 201980910.1%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force3,471910.1%3,321,548
Employed3,389910.1%3,203,166
Unemployed82910.1%118,382
Annual Unemployment Rate2.48666.7%3.6
October 2022 Unemployment Rate2.55989.3%2.8

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work2,364100.0%$102,285100.0%$43,268
Wage and Salary1,41960.0%$51,77250.6%$36,485
Farm Proprietors1938.2%$13,23612.9%$68,580
Nonfarm Proprietors75231.8%$22,61222.1%$30,069
Farm2299.7%$13,91913.6%$60,782
Nonfarm2,13590.3%$88,36686.4%$41,389
Private1,74073.6%$68,20666.7%$39,199
  Accommodation, Food Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Arts, Ent., RecreationData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Construction1697.1%$7,6797.5%$45,438
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  InformationData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Manufacturing2329.8%$12,58312.3%$54,237
  Professional, Tech. Serv.662.8%$2,2752.2%$34,470
  Retail Trade29712.6%$8,2418.1%$27,747
  Trans., Warehousing1185.0%$8,7708.6%$74,322
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)380*16.1%*$10,177*9.9%*$26,782*
Government39516.7%$20,16019.7%$51,038

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed8100.0%100.0%$1,565$7,583,249
Single-Family8100.0%74.4%$1,565$6,692,956
2-Family00.0%2.4%0$117,031
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$30,324
5+ Family00.0%22.7%$0$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Union County

NamePopulation
in 2021
Percent of County
Liberty1,99528.3%
West College Corner5407.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph