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Wayne County, Indiana

Named for General Anthony Wayne, victor of the 1794 Battle of the Fallen Timbers

County Seat: Richmond

Largest City: Richmond (2022 population: 35,513)

Population per Square Mile: 164.98

Square Miles: 401.70

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)66,553261.0%6,484,050
Today (2022)66,273251.0%6,833,037
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*63,583260.9%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today-0.4%75 0.7%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2021-2022NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration1562 5,230
Net International Migration10120 15,490
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-29886-29.1%1,024

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)3,936245.9%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)10,9292616.4%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)6,175239.3%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)15,3432623.1%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)17,2142525.9%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)12,8592519.3%16.4%
Median Age40.9  Median Age = 38.1

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone277270.4%0.4%
Asian Alone745271.1%2.7%
Black Alone3,388215.1%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone58220.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups2,159193.2%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2021 (Includes detail not shown below)26,83724100.0%100.0%
Married With Children4,1622715.5%18.2%
Married Without Children7,8712729.3%29.8%
Single Parents3,0481811.4%9.2%
Living Alone7,9672329.7%29.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2022 (estimate)30,75423100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2021 (includes vacant units)30,79823100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2021)$105,50080  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2021)$54158  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 10,313270.9%1,120,155
Adults (25+ in 2021 ACS)45,483251.0%4,501,214
with High School diploma or higher88.2%63 89.8%
with B.A. or higher degree19.4%40 27.8%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$48,7856286.3%56,497
Median Household Income in 202150,5698780.6%$62,723
Poverty Rate in 202115.9%8131.4%12.1%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1821.7%9138.2%15.7%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202270141.8%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 20228,837161.4%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/20225,494201.1%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019785241.0%80,851
Births to Teens, 202138231.0%3,845
Deaths, 2019881211.3%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2022NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force29,809270.9%3,404,443
Annual Unemployment Rate3.131103.3%3.0
August 2023 Unemployment Rate3.824102.7%3.7

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work37,467100.0%$1,964,919100.0%$52,444
Wage and Salary30,99382.7%$1,404,39271.5%$45,313
Farm Proprietors6681.8%$39,6522.0%$59,359
Nonfarm Proprietors5,80615.5%$173,1318.8%$29,819
  Accommodation, Food Serv.2,9327.8%$70,8053.6%$24,149
  Arts, Ent., Recreation3801.0%$6,0920.3%$16,032
  Health Care, Social Serv.6,32616.9%$452,96923.1%$71,604
  Professional, Tech. Serv.9222.5%$49,4872.5%$53,674
  Retail Trade4,21011.2%$142,5127.3%$33,851
  Trans., Warehousing1,1543.1%$62,6973.2%$54,330
  Wholesale Trade8792.3%$67,4373.4%$76,720
  Other Private (not above)7,81620.9%$321,61516.4%$41,148

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2022UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed55100.0%100.0%$19,845$6,635,992
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.5%$0$14,702
5+ Family2443.6%32.6%$3,250$1,031,387

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Wayne County

in 2022
Percent of County
Cambridge City1,7392.6%
East Germantown2600.4%
Fountain City7091.1%
Greens Fork3260.5%
Mount Auburn1240.2%
Spring Grove3330.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph