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Wayne County, Indiana

Named for General Anthony Wayne, victor of the 1794 Battle of the Fallen Timbers

County Seat: Richmond

Largest City: Richmond (2021 population: 35,817)

Population per Square Mile: 165.44

Square Miles: 401.70

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)68,996241.1%6,484,050
Today (2021)66,456251.0%6,805,985
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*65,321260.9%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-3.7%72 5.0%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration19227 14,280
Net International Migration3616 4,756
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-23581-34.0%692

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)3,910255.9%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)10,6342616.2%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)6,151239.4%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)15,0542622.9%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)17,1192526.0%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)12,9102419.6%16.5%
Median Age41.1  Median Age = 38.0

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone280260.4%0.4%
Asian Alone732261.1%2.7%
Black Alone3,325215.1%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone61210.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups2,099193.2%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2020 (Includes detail not shown below)27,43523100.0%100.0%
Married With Children4,1622615.2%18.3%
Married Without Children8,2502630.1%29.8%
Single Parents2,9822110.9%9.3%
Living Alone7,9172328.9%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)30,74323100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2020 (includes vacant units)31,44622100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2020)$102,40075  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2020)$51659  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2020/2021 Total Reported) 10,295270.9%1,112,460
Adults (25+ in 2020 ACS)45,434241.0%4,466,180
with High School diploma or higher87.8%66 89.3%
with B.A. or higher degree19.8%32 27.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2020$45,4995387.6%51,926
Median Household Income in 201947,8858883.1%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 201915.2%8127.7%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1823.3%4154.3%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2021100151.6%6,453
Food Stamp Recipients in 20218,843161.4%636,675
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20205,952191.2%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019785241.0%80,859
Births to Teens, 201759181.1%5,152
Deaths, 2019881211.3%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force29,433270.9%3,321,548
Annual Unemployment Rate3.623100.0%3.6
May 2022 Unemployment Rate2.716108.0%2.5

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2020 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work36,971100.0%$1,873,868100.0%$50,685
Wage and Salary31,00883.9%$1,336,22971.3%$43,093
Farm Proprietors6721.8%$34,5121.8%$51,357
Nonfarm Proprietors5,29114.3%$158,5768.5%$29,971
  Accommodation, Food Serv.2,7407.4%$57,9943.1%$21,166
  Arts, Ent., Recreation3070.8%$3,7930.2%$12,355
  Health Care, Social Serv.6,39617.3%$433,52323.1%$67,780
  Professional, Tech. Serv.9482.6%$46,0002.5%$48,523
  Retail Trade4,18111.3%$131,7047.0%$31,501
  Trans., Warehousing1,0092.7%$58,7573.1%$58,233
  Wholesale Trade8652.3%$69,8103.7%$80,705
  Other Private (not above)7,53220.4%$307,80216.4%$40,866

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed54100.0%100.0%$10,566$7,583,249
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$30,324
5+ Family00.0%22.7%$0$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Wayne County

in 2021
Percent of County
Cambridge City1,7312.6%
East Germantown2600.4%
Fountain City7071.1%
Greens Fork3290.5%
Mount Auburn1250.2%
Spring Grove3440.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph