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Gary, IN Metro Area

Counties include: Lake, Porter

Largest City: Hammond (2012 population: 79,686)

Population per Square Mile: 717.4

Square Miles: 917.2

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)660,348210.2%6,483,797
Today (2013)658,013210.0%6,570,902
Tomorrow (2020 projection)*687,475210.0%6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today-0.4%12 1.3%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2012-2013NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-2,65112 -1,179
Net International Migration3466 9,404
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)1,66236.4%25,992

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2012NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)41,67926.3%6.5%
School Age (5 to 17)121,137218.4%17.8%
College Age (18 to 24)59,32229.0%10.1%
Young Adult (25 to 44)165,300225.1%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)181,559227.5%26.5%
Seniors (65 and older)90,303213.7%13.6%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2012NumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone3,08920.5%0.4%
Asian Alone9,12941.4%1.8%
Black Alone132,959220.2%9.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone31930.0%0.1%
White503,118276.3%86.6%
Two or More Race Groups10,68631.6%1.8%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic558,551284.7%93.7%
Hispanic100,749215.3%6.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2012 (includes detail not shown below)243,3402100.0%100.0%
Married With Children47,640419.6%20.2%
Married Without Children69,397228.5%30.1%
Single Parents26,104110.7%9.8%
Living Alone67,419227.7%27.6%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 12Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2012 (estimate)275,6072100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2012 (includes vacant units)275,1212100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)175,471263.8%62.6%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)67,869224.7%26.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2012/2013 Total Reported) 121,535210.9%1,115,499
Public113,358210.9%1,039,411

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2012$39,8343104.5%$38,119
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 20131,515212.9%11,711
Food Stamp Recipients in 2013107,008211.6%922,273
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 201357,736211.3%509,427

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20117,93929.5%83,750
Births to Teens, 201176729.6%8,010
Deaths, 20115,897210.1%58,154

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2012NumberRank of 12Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force302,76029.6%3,168,712
Employed275,46729.5%2,911,603
Unemployed27,293210.6%257,109
Annual Unemployment Rate9.06111.1%8.1
February 2014 Unemployment Rate8.62124.6%6.9

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Earnings by Industry, 2012 Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
IMPORTANT: The BEA is no longer producing employment by industry for counties. For more information on the loss of data due to
sequestration, go to http://www.bea.gov/about/pdf/bea_fy2013_budget_impact.pdf.
Total by place of work$16,339,509100.0%
Wage and Salary$11,942,77473.1%
Farm Proprietors$62,5000.4%
Nonfarm Proprietors$1,397,6898.6%
Farm$69,4830.4%
Nonfarm$16,270,02699.6%
Private$14,451,75688.4%
  Accommodation, Food Serv.$447,1982.7%
  Arts, Ent., Recreation$267,2181.6%
  Construction$2,070,23112.7%
  Health Care, Social Serv.$2,331,94514.3%
  Information$124,4850.8%
  Manufacturing$3,674,13422.5%
  Professional, Tech. Serv.$598,3823.7%
  Retail Trade$1,160,7557.1%
  Trans., Warehousing$701,1854.3%
  Wholesale Trade$156,8431.0%
  Other Private (not above)$2,183,354*13.4%*
Government$1,818,27011.1%

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2012UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,217100.0%100.0%$247,732$2,349,911
Single-Family97780.3%73.4%$232,576$2,063,972
2-Family221.8%1.9%$2,304$23,703
3- and 4-Family463.8%1.6%$5,022$15,508
5+ Family17214.1%23.1%$7,830$246,728

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Gary, IN Metro Area

NamePopulation
in 2012
Percent of Region
Crown Point28,1714.3%
East Chicago29,4764.5%
Gary79,17012.0%
Hammond79,68612.1%
Highland23,4583.6%
Hobart28,7354.4%
Merrillville35,6315.4%
Portage36,8605.6%
Schererville29,1014.4%
Valparaiso32,0144.9%
city graph