STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Indiana

Became the 19th state in 1816

State Capital: Indianapolis

Largest City: Indianapolis Consolidated (2022 population: 889,922)

Population per Square Mile: 191.5

Square Miles: 35,826.1

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Population over TimeNumber
Yesterday (2020)6,785,528
Today (2023)6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023Number
Net Domestic Migration4,599
Net International Migration17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2022NumberIndiana Pct.
Distribution
Preschool (0 to 4)404,9465.9%
School Age (5 to 17)1,164,97717.0%
College Age (18 to 24)677,4219.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)1,757,74725.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)1,672,26824.5%
Seniors (65 and older)1,155,67816.9%
Median Age38.2 

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race or Hispanic Origin, 2022NumberIndiana Pct.
Distribution
American Ind. or Alaskan Native Alone30,3320.4%
Asian Alone192,8212.8%
Black Alone704,23510.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone5,1620.1%
White Alone5,736,94484.0%
Two or More Race Groups163,5432.4%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)  
Non-Hispanic6,291,28892.1%
Hispanic541,7497.9%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberIndiana Pct.
Distribution
Households in 2022 (Includes detail not shown below)2,653,596100%
Married With Children480,81418.1%
Married Without Children784,37129.6%
Single Parents237,5289.0%
Living Alone781,06329.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberIndiana Pct.
Distribution
Total Housing Units in 2022 (estimate)2,977,293100%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes detail not shown below)2,931,710100%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
1,860,56663.5%
Median Value (2022)$183,600
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
793,03027.1%
Median Rent (2022)$772

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberIndiana Pct.
Distribution
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported)1,124,094100%
Public1,035,71892.1%
Adults (25+ in 2022 ACS)4,532,091  
with High School diploma or higher90%  
with B.A. or higher degree28.2%  

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumber
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$58,323
Median Household Income in 2021$62,723
Poverty Rate in 202112.1%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1815.7%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 20223,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 2022611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/2023511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumber
Births, 202179,946
Births to Teens, 20213,845
Deaths, 201966,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2022Number
Total Resident Labor Force3,404,443
Employed3,302,632
Unemployed101,811
Annual Unemployment Rate3.0
December 2023 Unemployment Rate2.8

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentIndiana Pct.
Distribution
Earnings ($000)Indiana Pct.
Distribution
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work4,140,665100.0%$277,788,293100.0%$67,088
Wage and Salary3,281,89379.3%$193,809,28369.8%$59,054
Farm Proprietors47,5751.1%$3,835,6431.4%$80,623
Nonfarm Proprietors811,19719.6%$39,202,22514.1%$48,326
Farm57,3271.4%$4,285,1501.5%$74,749
Nonfarm4,083,33898.6%$273,503,14398.5%$66,980
Private3,652,62188.2%$243,852,25687.8%$66,761
  Accommodation, Food Serv.285,0296.9%$8,357,0223.0%$29,320
  Arts, Ent., Recreation70,5081.7%$2,331,6960.8%$33,070
  Construction230,1735.6%$17,636,2016.3%$76,622
  Health Care, Social Serv.459,81911.1%$34,951,64312.6%$76,012
  Information39,8711.0%$2,792,0201.0%$70,026
  Manufacturing557,86013.5%$52,236,95718.8%$93,638
  Professional, Tech. Serv.213,4385.2%$18,142,1176.5%$84,999
  Retail Trade393,0589.5%$15,620,7265.6%$39,742
  Trans., Warehousing254,5586.1%$13,598,1824.9%$53,419
  Wholesale Trade141,4043.4%$13,970,9165.0%$98,801
  Other Private (not above)986,543*23.8%*$63,199,002*22.8%*$64,061*
Government430,71710.4%$29,650,88710.7%$68,841

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2022UnitsIndiana Pct.
Distribution
Cost($000)
Total Permits Filed26,883100.0%$6,635,992
Single-Family17,48465.0%$5,513,030
2-Family5021.9%$76,873
3- and 4-Family1340.5%$14,702
5+ Family8,76332.6%1,031,387

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Indiana (35,000+):

NamePopulation
in 2022
Percent of State
Anderson55,0990.8%
Bloomington79,1071.2%
Carmel101,9641.5%
Columbus51,2680.8%
Elkhart53,8010.8%
Evansville115,7491.7%
Fishers101,9661.5%
Fort Wayne267,9273.9%
Gary67,9721.0%
Greenwood65,4061.0%
Hammond76,5751.1%
Indianapolis880,62112.9%
Jeffersonville51,0300.7%
Kokomo59,6710.9%
Lafayette71,4021.0%
Lawrence49,2760.7%
Merrillville36,2330.5%
Mishawaka50,9130.7%
Muncie65,0761.0%
New Albany37,5060.5%
Noblesville72,7481.1%
Plainfield36,0740.5%
Portage38,3270.6%
Richmond35,5130.5%
South Bend103,1101.5%
Terre Haute58,3350.9%
West Lafayette45,0600.7%
Westfield54,6050.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph