STATS Indiana

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Decatur County, Indiana

Created in 1822 and named for War of 1812 naval hero Stephen Decatur

County Seat: Greensburg

Largest City: Greensburg (2021 population: 12,193)

Population per Square Mile: 70.64

Square Miles: 372.60

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)25,737620.4%6,484,050
Today (2021)26,320600.4%6,813,532
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*27,149590.4%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today2.3%25 5.1%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-11779 5,230
Net International Migration1034 15,490
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-5348-5.2%1,024

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,627566.2%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)4,6175917.5%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)2,166568.2%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)6,4326024.4%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)6,9606026.4%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)4,5186517.2%16.4%
Median Age39.8  Median Age = 38.1

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone81680.3%0.4%
Asian Alone352341.3%2.7%
Black Alone211640.8%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone16490.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups296651.1%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2021 (Includes detail not shown below)10,17660100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,2035321.6%18.2%
Married Without Children3,2916332.3%29.8%
Single Parents385823.8%9.2%
Living Alone2,7216026.7%29.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)11,60561100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2021 (includes vacant units)11,48961100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2021)$148,60035  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2021)$61532  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 4,312580.4%1,120,155
Adults (25+ in 2021 ACS)17,777610.4%4,501,214
with High School diploma or higher91.8%17 89.8%
with B.A. or higher degree20.8%30 27.8%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$53,3932894.5%56,497
Median Household Income in 202164,87128103.4%$62,723
Poverty Rate in 20219.9%6281.8%12.1%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1814.3%5791.1%15.7%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202211650.3%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 20221,950590.3%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/20221,924570.4%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019291620.4%80,859
Births to Teens, 201717660.3%5,152
Deaths, 2019307590.5%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force14,786520.4%3,321,548
Annual Unemployment Rate2.85777.8%3.6
December 2022 Unemployment Rate2.06483.3%2.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work17,822100.0%$1,026,775100.0%$57,613
Wage and Salary14,80383.1%$735,57971.6%$49,691
Farm Proprietors4862.7%$43,6354.2%$89,784
Nonfarm Proprietors2,53314.2%$67,2206.5%$26,538
  Accommodation, Food Serv.9515.3%$23,6852.3%$24,905
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1150.6%$1,4410.1%$12,530
  Health Care, Social Serv.8394.7%$42,9564.2%$51,199
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade1,5338.6%$47,3084.6%$30,860
  Trans., Warehousing9825.5%$53,8095.2%$54,795
  Wholesale Trade5303.0%$36,9963.6%$69,804
  Other Private (not above)3,471*19.5%*$146,457*14.3%*$42,194*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed129100.0%100.0%$21,377$7,583,249
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$30,324
5+ Family00.0%22.7%$0$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Decatur County

in 2021
Percent of County
St. Paul5892.2%*
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph