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Decatur County, Indiana

Created in 1822 and named for War of 1812 naval hero Stephen Decatur

County Seat: Greensburg

Largest City: Greensburg (2018 population: 11,916)

Population per Square Mile: 71.28

Square Miles: 372.60

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)25,739620.4%6,484,192
Today (2019)26,559590.4%6,732,219
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*27,149590.4%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today3.2%20 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-23280 3,997
Net International Migration1745 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)47340.3%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2018NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,785546.7%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)4,7705617.8%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)2,135598.0%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)6,4795824.2%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)7,1406126.6%25.6%
Seniors (65 and older)4,4856416.7%15.8%
Median Age39.4  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2018NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone68730.3%0.4%
Asian Alone356321.3%2.5%
Black Alone166670.6%9.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone11580.0%0.1%
White25,9285996.8%85.1%
Two or More Race Groups265671.0%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic26,2345997.9%92.9%
Hispanic560642.1%7.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2018 (Includes detail not shown below)10,42561100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,0106119.3%18.6%
Married Without Children3,4256432.9%29.9%
Single Parents963529.2%9.5%
Living Alone2,7995826.8%28.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2018 (estimate)11,43763100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2018 (includes vacant units)11,38063100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
7,1996363.3%61.3%
Median Value (2018)$124,70035  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
3,2264628.3%27.6%
Median Rent (2018)$60823  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2018/2019 Total Reported) 4,371590.4%1,117,590
Public4,104610.4%1,054,903
Adults (25+ in 2018 ACS)17,800610.4%4,399,815
with High School diploma or higher90.9%17 88.6%
with B.A. or higher degree19.6%31 25.9%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2018$42,7334090.6%47,149
Median Household Income in 201857,44129103.1%$55,725
Poverty Rate in 201811.7%4590.0%13.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1815.4%5588.0%17.5%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201833400.5%6,032
Food Stamp Recipients in 20181,913610.3%605,854
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2018/20192,107580.4%514,915

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017321580.4%82,170
Births to Teens, 201717660.3%5,152
Deaths, 2017283640.4%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2018NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force14,967530.4%3,381,609
Employed14,519530.4%3,263,751
Unemployed448600.4%117,858
Annual Unemployment Rate3.06685.7%3.5
February 2020 Unemployment Rate3.25294.1%3.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2018 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work17,882100.0%$960,981100.0%$53,740
Wage and Salary14,99783.9%$712,56774.1%$47,514
Farm Proprietors4852.7%$17,0781.8%$35,212
Nonfarm Proprietors2,40013.4%$62,7306.5%$26,138
Farm6963.9%$25,4672.7%$36,591
Nonfarm17,18696.1%$935,51497.3%$54,435
Private15,44386.4%$836,50387.0%$54,167
  Accommodation, Food Serv.9335.2%$18,9122.0%$20,270
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1140.6%$1,3460.1%$11,807
  Construction6653.7%$33,8413.5%$50,889
  Health Care, Social Serv.8854.9%$35,8523.7%$40,511
  Information1020.6%$4,7270.5%$46,343
  Manufacturing5,56231.1%$436,06645.4%$78,401
  Professional, Tech. Serv.2981.7%$11,8931.2%$39,909
  Retail Trade1,4958.4%$41,0534.3%$27,460
  Trans., Warehousing9945.6%$54,7975.7%$55,128
  Wholesale Trade5252.9%$34,1993.6%$65,141
  Other Private (not above)3,723*20.8%*$155,342*16.2%*$41,725*
Government1,7439.7%$99,01110.3%$56,805

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2018UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed58100.0%100.0%$7,250$4,879,857
Single-Family58100.0%76.4%$7,250$4,269,197
2-Family00.0%2.0%0$49,353
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.2%$0$6,163
5+ Family00.0%21.4%$0$555,144

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Decatur County

NamePopulation
in 2018
Percent of County
Greensburg11,91644.9%
Millhousen1320.5%
Newpoint3431.3%
St. Paul6282.4%*
Westport1,4385.4%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.
city graph