STATS Indiana

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Elkhart County, Indiana

Named for the Elkhart Tribe of Indians and formed in 1830

County Seat: Goshen

Largest City: Elkhart (2020 population: 52,172)

Population per Square Mile: 445.08

Square Miles: 463.20

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)197,56963.0%6,484,050
Today (2020)206,16163.1%6,754,953
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*225,49663.2%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today4.3%17 4.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2019-2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-1,53991 1,323
Net International Migration15010 8,743
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)1,28149.3%13,740

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)15,32867.4%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)40,975619.9%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)18,38198.9%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)51,486625.0%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)48,172623.4%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)31,819715.4%16.5%
Median Age35.6  Median Age = 38.0

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone1,36350.7%0.4%
Asian Alone2,614121.3%2.7%
Black Alone12,75296.2%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone18560.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups5,25572.5%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (Includes detail not shown below)71,7187100.0%100.0%
Married With Children15,406721.5%18.5%
Married Without Children22,223631.0%29.7%
Single Parents7,671610.7%9.3%
Living Alone18,113925.3%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2020 (estimate)80,0827100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)79,0967100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2019)$144,30025  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2019)$66614  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2020/2021 Total Reported) 37,20163.3%1,112,460
Adults (25+ in 2019 ACS)129,68562.9%4,430,493
with High School diploma or higher80.8%89 88.8%
with B.A. or higher degree19.8%32 26.5%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$46,9752296.5%48,678
Median Household Income in 201955,7824696.8%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 20199.6%5880.7%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1812.3%6981.5%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202013982.1%6,657
Food Stamp Recipients in 202017,55062.7%659,095
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/202019,35553.8%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20173,09263.8%82,170
Births to Teens, 201723154.5%5,152
Deaths, 20171,74872.7%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force110,49463.3%3,319,010
Annual Unemployment Rate7.519105.6%7.1
August 2021 Unemployment Rate2.88070.0%4.0

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work162,215100.0%$9,734,735100.0%$60,011
Wage and Salary139,92486.3%$7,009,17372.0%$50,093
Farm Proprietors1,4350.9%$57,0260.6%$39,739
Nonfarm Proprietors20,85612.9%$1,026,40810.5%$49,214
  Accommodation, Food Serv.7,5754.7%$159,3641.6%$21,038
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,3100.8%$19,2840.2%$14,721
  Health Care, Social Serv.12,4697.7%$734,6167.5%$58,915
  Professional, Tech. Serv.3,7932.3%$193,7082.0%$51,070
  Retail Trade12,7367.9%$411,6204.2%$32,319
  Trans., Warehousing5,0313.1%$262,0072.7%$52,079
  Wholesale Trade7,5644.7%$660,2606.8%$87,290
  Other Private (not above)26,391*16.3%*$1,355,000*13.9%*$51,343*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2020UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed488100.0%100.0%$113,306$5,872,297
3- and 4-Family91.8%0.8%$575$25,965
5+ Family10621.7%20.6%$16,600$552,508

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Elkhart County

in 2020
Percent of County
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph