STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Fulton County, Indiana

Established in 1836 and named for steamboat inventor Robert Fulton

County Seat: Rochester

Largest City: Rochester (2023 population: 6,211)

Population per Square Mile: 55.26

Square Miles: 368.40

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)20,480700.3%6,484,050
Today (2023)20,358710.3%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*19,866710.3%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today-0.6%65 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration2556 4,599
Net International Migration1453 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-4950-0.7%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2022NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,137705.6%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)3,6076917.7%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)1,511737.4%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)4,7417223.3%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)5,1697325.4%24.5%
Seniors (65 and older)4,1627120.5%16.9%
Median Age41.7  Median Age = 38.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2022NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone197361.0%0.4%
Asian Alone143630.7%2.8%
Black Alone191690.9%10.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone6710.0%0.1%
White19,5047196.0%84.0%
Two or More Race Groups286701.4%2.4%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic19,2167494.5%92.1%
Hispanic1,111455.5%7.9%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (Includes detail not shown below)7,79473100.0%100.0%
Married With Children1,5426419.8%18.1%
Married Without Children2,4897331.9%29.6%
Single Parents552737.1%9.0%
Living Alone2,0727426.6%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)9,60069100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)9,54069100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
6,0787363.7%63.5%
Median Value (2022)$143,40060  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
1,7167318.0%27.1%
Median Rent (2022)$57458  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 2,834720.3%1,124,094
Public2,834720.3%1,035,718
Adults (25+ in 2022 ACS)13,974720.3%4,532,091
with High School diploma or higher87.3%73 90%
with B.A. or higher degree17.8%59 28.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$50,0776085.9%58,323
Median Household Income in 202262,4125893.5%$66,768
Poverty Rate in 202213.8%25110.4%12.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1816.9%34109.7%15.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202210710.3%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 20221,728650.3%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/20231,668670.3%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2021234680.3%79,946
Births to Teens, 202112640.3%3,845
Deaths, 2019240700.4%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force9,537690.3%3,401,387
Employed9,204690.3%3,288,017
Unemployed333690.3%113,370
Annual Unemployment Rate3.524106.1%3.3
March 2024 Unemployment Rate4.91144.1%3.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work9,632100.0%$532,045100.0%$55,237
Wage and Salary6,64669.0%$312,46358.7%$47,015
Farm Proprietors5645.9%$45,8888.6%$81,362
Nonfarm Proprietors2,42225.1%$102,20619.2%$42,199
Farm6386.6%$48,8899.2%$76,629
Nonfarm8,99493.4%$483,15690.8%$53,720
Private7,59778.9%$400,15075.2%$52,672
  Accommodation, Food Serv.6206.4%$14,0592.6%$22,676
  Arts, Ent., Recreation520.5%$5190.1%$9,981
  Construction6867.1%$64,56212.1%$94,114
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  InformationData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Manufacturing1,67717.4%$133,24625.0%$79,455
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade1,13611.8%$36,0526.8%$31,736
  Trans., Warehousing1831.9%$13,1782.5%$72,011
  Wholesale Trade4374.5%$30,9505.8%$70,824
  Other Private (not above)1,681*17.5%*$65,218*12.3%*$38,797*
Government1,39714.5%$83,00615.6%$59,417

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed25100.0%100.0%$10,486$7,695,489
Single-Family2392.0%63.0%$10,205$5,961,199
2-Family28.0%2.0%281$99,053
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$40,460
5+ Family00.0%34.2%$0$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Fulton County

NamePopulation
in 2023
Percent of County
Akron1,1135.5%
Fulton2991.5%
Kewanna5712.8%
Rochester6,21130.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph