STATS Indiana

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Gibson County, Indiana

Named in 1813 for General John Gibson, second in command to George Rogers Clark

County Seat: Princeton

Largest City: Princeton (2022 population: 8,367)

Population per Square Mile: 67.50

Square Miles: 487.50

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)33,011510.5%6,484,050
Today (2023)32,904510.5%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*34,783470.5%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today-0.3%62 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-10680 4,599
Net International Migration1949 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-1231-0.2%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2022NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,976456.0%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)5,8144617.6%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)2,834508.6%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)7,9824724.2%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)8,4405025.6%24.5%
Seniors (65 and older)5,9475118.0%16.9%
Median Age39.9  Median Age = 38.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2022NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone127550.4%0.4%
Asian Alone216480.7%2.8%
Black Alone916332.8%10.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone25390.1%0.1%
White30,9285293.7%84.0%
Two or More Race Groups781302.4%2.4%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic32,2724797.8%92.1%
Hispanic721622.2%7.9%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (Includes detail not shown below)12,97846100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,4444718.8%18.1%
Married Without Children4,3334933.4%29.6%
Single Parents917547.1%9.0%
Living Alone3,4454926.5%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2022 (estimate)14,90346100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)14,65847100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
9,8714867.3%63.5%
Median Value (2022)$159,70046  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
3,1074621.2%27.1%
Median Rent (2022)$58055  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 5,431470.5%1,124,094
Public4,731520.5%1,035,718
Adults (25+ in 2022 ACS)22,417490.5%4,532,091
with High School diploma or higher90.6%36 90%
with B.A. or higher degree18%56 28.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$54,9592794.2%58,323
Median Household Income in 202266,2473499.2%$66,768
Poverty Rate in 20229.7%6777.6%12.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1812.1%7478.6%15.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202218420.5%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 20222,262510.4%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/20231,879620.4%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2021370470.5%79,946
Births to Teens, 202115570.4%3,845
Deaths, 2019334520.5%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2022NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force20,038400.6%3,373,887
Employed19,588400.6%3,270,662
Unemployed450470.4%103,225
Annual Unemployment Rate2.28571.0%3.1
February 2024 Unemployment Rate3.0173.2%4.1

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work25,694100.0%$1,822,073100.0%$70,914
Wage and Salary22,43787.3%$1,371,40675.3%$61,123
Farm Proprietors4691.8%$43,5732.4%$92,906
Nonfarm Proprietors2,78810.9%$102,4535.6%$36,748
Farm6252.4%$53,1122.9%$84,979
Nonfarm25,06997.6%$1,768,96197.1%$70,564
Private23,61591.9%$1,687,60492.6%$71,463
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,1124.3%$29,2411.6%$26,296
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1190.5%$9320.1%$7,832
  Construction5992.3%$33,7061.8%$56,270
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Information520.2%$2,3880.1%$45,923
  Manufacturing10,65741.5%$991,50354.4%$93,038
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade1,8697.3%$67,1283.7%$35,917
  Trans., Warehousing1,3635.3%$105,3495.8%$77,292
  Wholesale Trade5632.2%$40,6002.2%$72,114
  Other Private (not above)4,852*18.9%*$283,006*15.5%*$58,328*
Government1,4545.7%$81,3574.5%$55,954

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2022UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed185100.0%100.0%$28,290$6,635,992
Single-Family10355.7%65.0%$19,020$5,513,030
2-Family21.1%1.9%159$76,873
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.5%$0$14,702
5+ Family8043.2%32.6%$9,111$1,031,387

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Gibson County

NamePopulation
in 2022
Percent of County
Fort Branch2,9479.0%
Francisco5401.6%
Haubstadt1,6355.0%
Hazleton1910.6%
Mackey1290.4%
Oakland City2,2706.9%
Owensville1,3424.1%
Patoka7072.1%
Princeton8,36725.4%
Somerville2490.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph