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Hancock County, Indiana

Named in 1828 for John Hancock, signer of the Declaration of Independence

County Seat: Greenfield

Largest City: Greenfield (2023 population: 25,920)

Population per Square Mile: 281.59

Square Miles: 306.00

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)79,840221.2%6,484,050
Today (2023)86,166181.3%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*85,043191.2%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today7.9%4 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration2,9771 4,599
Net International Migration6229 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)21230.3%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2023NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)4,915205.7%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)15,0051817.4%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)6,313237.3%9.6%
Young Adult (25 to 44)22,6831826.3%25.8%
Older Adult (45 to 64)22,3041825.9%24.2%
Seniors (65 and older)14,9462017.3%17.2%
Median Age40.1  Median Age = 38.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2023NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone324250.4%0.5%
Asian Alone1,300201.5%2.9%
Black Alone4,258214.9%10.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone48270.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups1,813222.1%2.5%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (Includes detail not shown below)31,42420100.0%100.0%
Married With Children7,5651624.1%18.1%
Married Without Children10,7261834.1%29.6%
Single Parents1,893256.0%9.0%
Living Alone7,3802423.5%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)35,57321100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)32,47722100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2022)$235,5007  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2022)$8608  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 14,705171.3%1,124,094
Adults (25+ in 2022 ACS)55,513201.2%4,532,091
with High School diploma or higher93.3%8 90%
with B.A. or higher degree32.8%9 28.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$61,5858105.6%58,323
Median Household Income in 202287,8454131.6%$66,768
Poverty Rate in 20225.0%9140.0%12.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 185.1%9033.1%15.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202216470.4%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 20223,350320.5%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/20234,604240.9%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2021880211.1%79,946
Births to Teens, 202114590.4%3,845
Deaths, 2019701251.1%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force43,197191.3%3,401,387
Annual Unemployment Rate2.86884.8%3.3
May 2024 Unemployment Rate3.4177.3%4.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work39,985100.0%$2,242,244100.0%$56,077
Wage and Salary28,98272.5%$1,625,75972.5%$56,095
Farm Proprietors4921.2%$22,8161.0%$46,374
Nonfarm Proprietors10,51126.3%$243,63410.9%$23,179
  Accommodation, Food Serv.2,6956.7%$72,8433.2%$27,029
  Arts, Ent., Recreation5661.4%$7,5100.3%$13,269
  Health Care, Social Serv.2,7666.9%$146,3866.5%$52,923
  Professional, Tech. Serv.2,9387.3%$188,0458.4%$64,004
  Retail Trade3,6529.1%$122,9155.5%$33,657
  Trans., Warehousing2,4406.1%$123,9445.5%$50,797
  Wholesale Trade1,2663.2%$109,6514.9%$86,612
  Other Private (not above)9,72024.3%$341,13015.2%$35,096

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed920100.0%100.0%$239,821$7,695,489
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$40,460
5+ Family45649.6%34.2%$60,433$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Hancock County

in 2023
Percent of County
New Palestine3,5414.1%
Spring Lake2110.2%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph