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Hancock County, Indiana

Named in 1828 for John Hancock, signer of the Declaration of Independence

County Seat: Greenfield

Largest City: Greenfield (2021 population: 24,009)

Population per Square Mile: 267.28

Square Miles: 306.00

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)70,060231.1%6,484,050
Today (2021)81,789201.2%6,805,985
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*91,967181.3%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today16.7%5 5.0%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration1,6785 14,280
Net International Migration841 4,756
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-3435-4.9%692

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)4,590215.6%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)14,5461917.8%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)5,952247.3%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)21,0481925.7%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)21,9861826.9%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)13,6672016.7%16.4%
Median Age40.1  Median Age = 38.1

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone289260.4%0.4%
Asian Alone833231.0%2.7%
Black Alone3,049223.7%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone38300.0%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups1,494231.8%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2020 (Includes detail not shown below)29,62721100.0%100.0%
Married With Children7,2221524.4%18.3%
Married Without Children10,5301935.5%29.8%
Single Parents1,921256.5%9.3%
Living Alone6,6222422.4%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)32,98222100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2020 (includes vacant units)30,64023100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2020)$179,3008  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2020)$7797  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 14,354171.3%1,120,155
Adults (25+ in 2020 ACS)52,980211.2%4,466,180
with High School diploma or higher93%8 89.3%
with B.A. or higher degree31.8%10 27.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$58,09511102.8%56,497
Median Household Income in 202077,9166128.2%$60,794
Poverty Rate in 20205.1%9144.0%11.6%
Poverty Rate among Children under 185.8%8938.9%14.9%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202128410.4%6,453
Food Stamp Recipients in 20213,534320.6%636,675
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/20223,999250.8%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019850211.1%80,859
Births to Teens, 201727470.5%5,152
Deaths, 2019701251.1%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force41,318201.2%3,321,548
Annual Unemployment Rate2.67272.2%3.6
October 2022 Unemployment Rate2.47085.7%2.8

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work37,366100.0%$2,015,322100.0%$53,935
Wage and Salary27,46573.5%$1,452,39772.1%$52,882
Farm Proprietors4991.3%$28,0921.4%$56,297
Nonfarm Proprietors9,40225.2%$199,9569.9%$21,267
  Accommodation, Food Serv.2,4076.4%$62,2923.1%$25,880
  Arts, Ent., Recreation5361.4%$5,5930.3%$10,435
  Health Care, Social Serv.2,4956.7%$119,8885.9%$48,051
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade3,6269.7%$116,9395.8%$32,250
  Trans., Warehousing2,1415.7%$98,0664.9%$45,804
  Wholesale Trade1,2963.5%$100,4025.0%$77,471
  Other Private (not above)8,597*23.0%*$293,794*14.6%*$34,174*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,597100.0%100.0%$400,142$7,583,249
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$30,324
5+ Family41225.8%22.7%$38,922$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Hancock County

in 2021
Percent of County
New Palestine2,8573.5%
Spring Lake2130.3%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph