STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Jefferson County, Indiana

One of the oldest of Indiana's counties, named in 1811in honor of President Thomas Jefferson

County Seat: Madison

Largest City: Madison (2019 population: 11,861)

Population per Square Mile: 89.05

Square Miles: 360.60

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)32,400530.5%6,484,050
Today (2020)32,110530.5%6,754,953
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*32,782510.5%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-0.9%43 4.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2019-2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-16375 1,323
Net International Migration1739 8,743
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-1154-0.1%13,740

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2019NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,875505.8%6.2%
School Age (5 to 17)4,7215814.6%17.1%
College Age (18 to 24)3,2604310.1%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)7,6995123.8%25.5%
Older Adult (45 to 64)8,8234827.3%25.2%
Seniors (65 and older)5,9305018.4%16.1%
Median Age41.3  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2019NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone123500.4%0.4%
Asian Alone276380.9%2.6%
Black Alone700352.2%9.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone12570.0%0.1%
White30,6805395.0%84.8%
Two or More Race Groups517411.6%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic31,3395297.0%92.7%
Hispanic969463.0%7.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (Includes detail not shown below)12,63249100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,2125617.5%18.5%
Married Without Children3,8595530.5%29.7%
Single Parents1,165409.2%9.3%
Living Alone3,7524329.7%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)14,53549100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)14,47749100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
9,0785262.7%61.5%
Median Value (2019)$132,90033  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
3,5544324.5%27.5%
Median Rent (2019)$55738  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 4,716560.4%1,111,333
Public4,285570.4%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2019 ACS)22,311500.5%4,430,493
with High School diploma or higher89.7%29 88.8%
with B.A. or higher degree17.9%47 26.5%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$44,1023890.6%48,678
Median Household Income in 201953,3786692.6%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 201911.6%3797.5%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1817.1%29113.2%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202043290.6%6,657
Food Stamp Recipients in 20202,928400.4%659,095
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20202,218540.4%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017376490.5%82,170
Births to Teens, 201735360.7%5,152
Deaths, 2017410440.6%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force14,965520.5%3,319,010
Employed13,858510.4%3,082,982
Unemployed1,107440.5%236,028
Annual Unemployment Rate7.422104.2%7.1
March 2021 Unemployment Rate4.33991.5%4.7

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work16,854100.0%$819,553100.0%$48,627
Wage and Salary13,51680.2%$562,82168.7%$41,641
Farm Proprietors5403.2%$-2,521-0.3%$-4,669
Nonfarm Proprietors2,79816.6%$103,72212.7%$37,070
Farm5943.5%$-1,328-0.2%$-2,236
Nonfarm16,26096.5%$820,881100.2%$50,485
Private13,75981.6%$695,99884.9%$50,585
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,3998.3%$26,0113.2%$18,593
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1661.0%$1,1910.1%$7,175
  Construction6283.7%$33,2174.1%$52,893
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,81410.8%$106,99513.1%$58,983
  Information920.5%$4,3340.5%$47,109
  Manufacturing3,15918.7%$219,26526.8%$69,410
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade2,03012.0%$100,90612.3%$49,707
  Trans., Warehousing4082.4%$29,6343.6%$72,632
  Wholesale Trade2301.4%$14,6931.8%$63,883
  Other Private (not above)3,382*20.1%*$142,583*17.4%*$42,159*
Government2,50114.8%$124,88315.2%$49,933

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2020UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed50100.0%100.0%$9,372$5,872,297
Single-Family50100.0%76.2%$9,372$5,209,930
2-Family00.0%2.5%0$83,895
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.8%$0$25,965
5+ Family00.0%20.6%$0$552,508

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Jefferson County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
Brooksburg790.2%
Dupont3281.0%
Hanover3,50210.9%
Madison11,86136.9%
city graph