STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Jefferson County, Indiana

One of the oldest of Indiana's counties, named in 1811in honor of President Thomas Jefferson

County Seat: Madison

Largest City: Madison (2023 population: 12,208)

Population per Square Mile: 91.67

Square Miles: 360.60

Go to county's site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)33,147500.5%6,484,050
Today (2023)33,056500.5%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*32,265510.5%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today-0.3%30 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration15732 4,599
Net International Migration3338 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-7061-0.9%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2022NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,731545.3%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)4,7915614.5%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)3,243439.8%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)7,8865123.9%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)8,8624626.9%24.5%
Seniors (65 and older)6,4334719.5%16.9%
Median Age42.0  Median Age = 38.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2022NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone138480.4%0.4%
Asian Alone301370.9%2.8%
Black Alone711372.2%10.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone45260.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups503441.5%2.4%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (Includes detail not shown below)12,89047100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,2275317.3%18.1%
Married Without Children3,5285827.4%29.6%
Single Parents1,3503510.5%9.0%
Living Alone4,0204131.2%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)14,57548100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)14,41448100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2022)$168,10037  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2022)$61247  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 4,803530.4%1,124,094
Adults (25+ in 2022 ACS)23,144470.5%4,532,091
with High School diploma or higher87.9%69 90%
with B.A. or higher degree18%56 28.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$51,4335188.2%58,323
Median Household Income in 202264,2144796.2%$66,768
Poverty Rate in 202211.9%4895.2%12.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1814.5%4894.2%15.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202219400.5%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 20222,466460.4%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/20232,368490.5%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2021345510.4%79,946
Births to Teens, 202122410.6%3,845
Deaths, 2019375460.6%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force15,064510.4%3,401,387
Annual Unemployment Rate3.14593.9%3.3
April 2024 Unemployment Rate3.24294.1%3.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work17,310100.0%$966,816100.0%$55,853
Wage and Salary13,73679.4%$665,70768.9%$48,464
Farm Proprietors5253.0%$1190.0%$227
Nonfarm Proprietors3,04917.6%$139,69314.4%$45,816
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,4088.1%$34,1763.5%$24,273
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1530.9%$9850.1%$6,438
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,85010.7%$123,88712.8%$66,966
  Professional, Tech. Serv.4452.6%$18,2031.9%$40,906
  Retail Trade2,30013.3%$153,64815.9%$66,803
  Trans., Warehousing4752.7%$31,1063.2%$65,486
  Wholesale Trade2041.2%$14,3071.5%$70,132
  Other Private (not above)3,57920.7%$174,61818.1%$48,790

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed72100.0%100.0%$14,063$7,695,489
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$40,460
5+ Family00.0%34.2%$0$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Jefferson County

in 2023
Percent of County

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph