STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Jefferson County, Indiana

One of the oldest of Indiana's counties, named in 1811in honor of President Thomas Jefferson

County Seat: Madison

Largest City: Madison (2019 population: 11,861)

Population per Square Mile: 89.60

Square Miles: 360.60

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)32,400530.5%6,484,192
Today (2019)32,308520.5%6,732,219
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*32,782510.5%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-0.3%39 3.8%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2018-2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration12320 3,997
Net International Migration1056 14,379
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)22450.1%18,536

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2018NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,841525.7%6.3%
School Age (5 to 17)4,7235714.7%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)3,2764310.2%9.8%
Young Adult (25 to 44)7,6315123.7%25.4%
Older Adult (45 to 64)8,9414827.8%25.6%
Seniors (65 and older)5,7965018.0%15.8%
Median Age41.4  Median Age = 37.9

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2018NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone109570.3%0.4%
Asian Alone260390.8%2.5%
Black Alone653352.0%9.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone11580.0%0.1%
White30,6545395.2%85.1%
Two or More Race Groups521401.6%2.1%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic31,2785297.1%92.9%
Hispanic930472.9%7.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2018 (Includes detail not shown below)12,75949100.0%100.0%
Married With Children2,2455617.6%18.6%
Married Without Children4,0015231.4%29.9%
Single Parents1,4323611.2%9.5%
Living Alone3,4344626.9%28.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2019 (estimate)14,53549100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2018 (includes vacant units)14,44949100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
9,1775263.5%61.3%
Median Value (2018)$123,70038  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
3,5824224.8%27.6%
Median Rent (2018)$56131  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 4,716560.4%1,111,333
Public4,285570.4%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2018 ACS)22,146500.5%4,399,815
with High School diploma or higher90.1%24 88.6%
with B.A. or higher degree17.9%42 25.9%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2018$41,9814889.0%47,149
Median Household Income in 201851,0316391.6%$55,725
Poverty Rate in 201815.5%17119.2%13.0%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1822.4%11128.0%17.5%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 201936290.7%5,235
Food Stamp Recipients in 20192,736390.5%581,821
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20202,218540.4%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2017376490.5%82,170
Births to Teens, 201735360.7%5,152
Deaths, 2017410440.6%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2019NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force15,078530.4%3,387,366
Employed14,567540.4%3,275,056
Unemployed511490.5%112,310
Annual Unemployment Rate3.433103.0%3.3
April 2020 Unemployment Rate21.913128.1%17.1

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2018 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work16,768100.0%$776,486100.0%$46,308
Wage and Salary13,40780.0%$547,27270.5%$40,820
Farm Proprietors5243.1%$-692-0.1%$-1,321
Nonfarm Proprietors2,83716.9%$83,16210.7%$29,313
Farm5853.5%$7910.1%$1,352
Nonfarm16,18396.5%$775,69599.9%$47,933
Private13,71881.8%$660,08385.0%$48,118
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,3017.8%$22,7042.9%$17,451
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1580.9%$1,0490.1%$6,639
  Construction6513.9%$33,4244.3%$51,343
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,79810.7%$106,70713.7%$59,348
  Information1020.6%$4,5390.6%$44,500
  Manufacturing3,18019.0%$218,26228.1%$68,636
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade2,03912.2%$79,78310.3%$39,128
  Trans., Warehousing4462.7%$24,9153.2%$55,863
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)3,023*18.0%*$96,816*12.5%*$32,026*
Government2,46514.7%$115,61214.9%$46,901

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2019UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed44100.0%100.0%$9,192$4,988,366
Single-Family44100.0%73.1%$9,192$4,298,385
2-Family00.0%1.6%0$48,202
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.7%$0$26,551
5+ Family00.0%24.6%$0$615,228

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Jefferson County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
Brooksburg790.2%
Dupont3281.0%
Hanover3,50210.8%
Madison11,86136.7%
city graph