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Lake County, Indiana

Named for Lake Michigan and organized in 1837

County Seat: Crown Point

Largest City: Hammond (2023 population: 76,193)

Population per Square Mile: 1,003.20

Square Miles: 499.00

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)498,70027.7%6,484,050
Today (2023)500,59827.3%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*482,32126.9%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today0.4%40 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-1971 4,599
Net International Migration7087 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)246123.3%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2022NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)28,76825.8%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)86,340217.3%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)43,15338.6%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)125,653225.1%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)126,433225.3%24.5%
Seniors (65 and older)89,342217.9%16.9%
Median Age39.9  Median Age = 38.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2022NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone2,81320.6%0.4%
Asian Alone8,61471.7%2.8%
Black Alone122,399224.5%10.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone33540.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups11,07932.2%2.4%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (Includes detail not shown below)191,8722100.0%100.0%
Married With Children30,293315.8%18.1%
Married Without Children52,741227.5%29.6%
Single Parents22,170211.6%9.0%
Living Alone56,826229.6%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)218,6672100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)215,2772100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2022)$195,10019  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2022)$84111  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 82,45527.3%1,124,094
Adults (25+ in 2022 ACS)338,45727.5%4,532,091
with High School diploma or higher90.2%44 90%
with B.A. or higher degree24.5%23 28.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$53,1274091.1%58,323
Median Household Income in 202266,1693599.1%$66,768
Poverty Rate in 202214.7%16117.6%12.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1820.5%10133.1%15.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2022449211.4%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 202263,128210.3%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/202339,23827.7%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20215,41826.8%79,946
Births to Teens, 202127227.1%3,845
Deaths, 20195,25928.0%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force228,99126.7%3,401,387
Annual Unemployment Rate5.01151.5%3.3
April 2024 Unemployment Rate5.02147.1%3.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work257,144100.0%$16,126,165100.0%$62,713
Wage and Salary200,72478.1%$11,926,28574.0%$59,416
Farm Proprietors3150.1%$15,3850.1%$48,841
Nonfarm Proprietors56,10521.8%$1,660,19810.3%$29,591
  Accommodation, Food Serv.22,5718.8%$830,8105.2%$36,809
  Arts, Ent., Recreation5,3402.1%$165,2011.0%$30,937
  Health Care, Social Serv.35,95714.0%$2,534,31915.7%$70,482
  Professional, Tech. Serv.12,3254.8%$734,3194.6%$59,580
  Retail Trade28,31611.0%$1,194,4547.4%$42,183
  Trans., Warehousing17,0096.6%$883,9225.5%$51,968
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)61,689*24.0%*$2,651,188*16.4%*$42,977*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed1,286100.0%100.0%$350,630$7,695,489
3- and 4-Family80.6%0.9%$1,383$40,460
5+ Family21016.3%34.2%$19,799$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Lake County

in 2023
Percent of County
Cedar Lake16,0683.2%
Crown Point34,8847.0%
East Chicago25,8305.2%
Lake Station13,0472.6%
New Chicago1,9610.4%
St. John23,6444.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph