STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Madison County, Indiana

Formed in 1823 and named in honor of President James Madison

County Seat: Anderson

Largest City: Anderson (2023 population: 55,199)

Population per Square Mile: 293.22

Square Miles: 451.90

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)130,129132.0%6,484,050
Today (2023)132,504131.9%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*124,262141.8%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today1.8%41 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration1,4376 4,599
Net International Migration3734 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-35592-4.7%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2022NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)7,130125.4%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)20,8411215.8%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)11,022158.4%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)33,8201425.7%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)33,9541225.8%24.5%
Seniors (65 and older)24,9771119.0%16.9%
Median Age40.8  Median Age = 38.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2022NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone604100.5%0.4%
Asian Alone887240.7%2.8%
Black Alone11,396118.7%10.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone85150.1%0.1%
White115,8221387.9%84.0%
Two or More Race Groups2,950162.2%2.4%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic125,0591394.9%92.1%
Hispanic6,685155.1%7.9%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (Includes detail not shown below)51,78813100.0%100.0%
Married With Children7,5951514.7%18.1%
Married Without Children15,6971230.3%29.6%
Single Parents5,138109.9%9.0%
Living Alone15,6951130.3%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)59,56213100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)58,91313100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
36,3421261.7%63.5%
Median Value (2022)$135,10067  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
15,4461426.2%27.1%
Median Rent (2022)$66832  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 19,361131.7%1,124,094
Public18,287131.8%1,035,718
Adults (25+ in 2022 ACS)91,235122.0%4,532,091
with High School diploma or higher89.9%48 90%
with B.A. or higher degree19.4%42 28.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$46,4667779.7%58,323
Median Household Income in 202258,9267288.3%$66,768
Poverty Rate in 202215.0%15120.0%12.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1820.3%15131.8%15.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202210962.8%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 202216,50562.7%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/202310,243122.0%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20211,400131.8%79,946
Births to Teens, 20218682.2%3,845
Deaths, 20191,56092.4%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force60,874141.8%3,401,387
Employed58,699141.8%3,288,017
Unemployed2,175131.9%113,370
Annual Unemployment Rate3.621109.1%3.3
March 2024 Unemployment Rate4.31126.5%3.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work55,165100.0%$2,776,748100.0%$50,335
Wage and Salary42,13676.4%$2,041,09973.5%$48,441
Farm Proprietors5891.1%$23,4230.8%$39,767
Nonfarm Proprietors12,44022.6%$264,6279.5%$21,272
Farm7451.4%$30,7001.1%$41,208
Nonfarm54,42098.6%$2,746,04898.9%$50,460
Private48,30087.6%$2,348,32884.6%$48,620
  Accommodation, Food Serv.4,5788.3%$110,1164.0%$24,053
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,6212.9%$51,9181.9%$32,028
  Construction2,9285.3%$173,9736.3%$59,417
  Health Care, Social Serv.7,29013.2%$476,92617.2%$65,422
  Information3900.7%$18,5490.7%$47,562
  Manufacturing5,3519.7%$414,19014.9%$77,404
  Professional, Tech. Serv.1,7623.2%$75,6142.7%$42,914
  Retail Trade5,83510.6%$191,0226.9%$32,737
  Trans., Warehousing3,3816.1%$177,4576.4%$52,487
  Wholesale TradeData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Other Private (not above)13,670*24.8%*$540,196*19.5%*$39,517*
Government6,12011.1%$397,72014.3%$64,987

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed272100.0%100.0%$65,550$7,695,489
Single-Family27099.3%63.0%$65,475$5,961,199
2-Family20.7%2.0%75$99,053
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$40,460
5+ Family00.0%34.2%$0$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Madison County

NamePopulation
in 2023
Percent of County
Alexandria5,1633.9%
Anderson55,19941.7%
Chesterfield2,4951.9%*
Country Club Heights970.1%
Edgewood2,0581.6%
Elwood8,4176.4%*
Frankton1,7921.4%
Ingalls2,6022.0%
Lapel2,3901.8%
Markleville4860.4%
Orestes3380.3%
Pendleton5,6044.2%
River Forest250.0%
Summitville9910.7%
Woodlawn Heights880.1%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph