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Marion County, Indiana

Named in 1822 for Revolutionary War General Francis Marion

County Seat: Indianapolis

Largest City: Indianapolis (2023 population: 888,578)

Population per Square Mile: 2,443.75

Square Miles: 396.30

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)977,203115.1%6,484,050
Today (2023)968,460114.1%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*1,001,231114.3%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today-0.9%14 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-11,40392 4,599
Net International Migration6,0551 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)4,614161.5%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2023NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)66,48916.9%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)174,137118.0%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)91,40819.4%9.6%
Young Adult (25 to 44)290,989130.0%25.8%
Older Adult (45 to 64)213,861122.1%24.2%
Seniors (65 and older)131,576113.6%17.2%
Median Age34.5  Median Age = 38.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2023NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone4,90410.5%0.5%
Asian Alone42,09914.3%2.9%
Black Alone289,557129.9%10.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone55420.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups32,45813.4%2.5%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (Includes detail not shown below)392,8371100.0%100.0%
Married With Children54,468113.9%18.1%
Married Without Children87,371122.2%29.6%
Single Parents40,321110.3%9.0%
Living Alone144,857136.9%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)442,9071100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)436,8591100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2022)$184,10027  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2022)$84510  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 181,036116.1%1,124,094
Adults (25+ in 2022 ACS)638,893114.1%4,532,091
with High School diploma or higher87.3%73 90%
with B.A. or higher degree33.2%8 28.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$66,5004114.0%58,323
Median Household Income in 202262,7765694.0%$66,768
Poverty Rate in 202215.7%9125.6%12.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1821.0%7136.4%15.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2022876122.3%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 2022140,211122.9%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/2023104,642120.4%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 202113,615117.0%79,946
Births to Teens, 2021779120.3%3,845
Deaths, 20198,246112.5%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force511,700115.0%3,401,387
Annual Unemployment Rate3.335100.0%3.3
May 2024 Unemployment Rate3.9188.6%4.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work802,109100.0%$74,861,406100.0%$93,331
Wage and Salary667,53683.2%$48,099,44864.3%$72,055
Farm Proprietors1660.0%$2,3710.0%$14,283
Nonfarm Proprietors134,40716.8%$17,263,24323.1%$128,440
  Accommodation, Food Serv.48,7666.1%$1,696,6672.3%$34,792
  Arts, Ent., Recreation14,8661.9%$986,9221.3%$66,388
  Health Care, Social Serv.108,59013.5%$10,170,72013.6%$93,662
  Professional, Tech. Serv.62,8837.8%$7,612,20610.2%$121,053
  Retail Trade56,2737.0%$2,543,3743.4%$45,197
  Trans., Warehousing60,5507.5%$3,282,8214.4%$54,217
  Wholesale Trade32,1474.0%$3,434,8894.6%$106,849
  Other Private (not above)222,00027.7%$25,880,01734.6%$116,577

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed2,472100.0%100.0%$706,454$7,695,489
3- and 4-Family602.4%0.9%$13,535$40,460
5+ Family1,45758.9%34.2%$371,779$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Marion County

in 2023
Percent of County
Beech Grove14,4221.5%
Crows Nest650.0%
Meridian Hills1,7540.2%
North Crows Nest420.0%
Rocky Ripple6430.1%
Spring Hill920.0%
Warren Park1,4720.2%
Williams Creek4250.0%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph