STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Orange County, Indiana

Named in 1816 for a county in North Carolina

County Seat: Paoli

Largest City: Paoli (2019 population: 3,626)

Population per Square Mile: 49.77

Square Miles: 398.40

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)19,846740.3%6,484,050
Today (2021)19,830730.3%6,805,985
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*20,280730.3%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-0.1%43 5.0%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration3556 14,280
Net International Migration747 4,756
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-5449-7.8%692

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,265696.4%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)3,2117216.3%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)1,519707.7%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)4,4147522.5%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)5,2317326.6%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)4,0117220.4%16.5%
Median Age42.5  Median Age = 38.0

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone92620.5%0.4%
Asian Alone90700.5%2.7%
Black Alone327471.7%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone4790.0%0.1%
White18,8667496.0%84.5%
Two or More Race Groups272691.4%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic19,2937298.2%92.6%
Hispanic358751.8%7.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2020 (Includes detail not shown below)7,98872100.0%100.0%
Married With Children1,0587913.2%18.3%
Married Without Children2,6967233.8%29.8%
Single Parents1,0455013.1%9.3%
Living Alone2,1887227.4%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2020 (estimate)9,30571100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2020 (includes vacant units)9,24372100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
6,0117265.0%62.3%
Median Value (2020)$102,40075  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
1,9776721.4%27.4%
Median Rent (2020)$44085  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2020/2021 Total Reported) 2,952700.3%1,112,460
Public2,952700.3%1,033,286
Adults (25+ in 2020 ACS)13,649740.3%4,466,180
with High School diploma or higher83.5%86 89.3%
with B.A. or higher degree12.9%79 27.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2020$41,6408180.2%51,926
Median Household Income in 201947,9318783.2%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 201914.1%15118.5%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1821.3%10141.1%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202118610.3%6,453
Food Stamp Recipients in 20211,986590.3%636,675
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/20201,599670.3%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2019238690.3%80,859
Births to Teens, 201726500.5%5,152
Deaths, 2019249690.4%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force8,149760.2%3,321,548
Employed7,804760.2%3,203,166
Unemployed345650.3%118,382
Annual Unemployment Rate4.29116.7%3.6
April 2022 Unemployment Rate2.510113.6%2.2

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2020 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work9,454100.0%$440,658100.0%$46,611
Wage and Salary7,29877.2%$284,41664.5%$38,972
Farm Proprietors4114.3%$10,8622.5%$26,428
Nonfarm Proprietors1,74518.5%$75,93117.2%$43,513
Farm4935.2%$13,9573.2%$28,310
Nonfarm8,96194.8%$426,70196.8%$47,618
Private8,04685.1%$378,85986.0%$47,087
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,71618.2%$64,90914.7%$37,826
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1952.1%$3,2530.7%$16,682
  Construction1,17012.4%$109,54824.9%$93,631
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Information510.5%$3,0210.7%$59,235
  Manufacturing1,13312.0%$52,29911.9%$46,160
  Professional, Tech. Serv.2022.1%$6,2451.4%$30,916
  Retail Trade8048.5%$20,7244.7%$25,776
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade1211.3%$8,8612.0%$73,231
  Other Private (not above)1,075*11.4%*$29,976*6.8%*$27,885*
Government9159.7%$47,84210.9%$52,286

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed10100.0%100.0%$1,927$7,583,249
Single-Family880.0%74.4%$1,649$6,692,956
2-Family220.0%2.4%279$117,031
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$30,324
5+ Family00.0%22.7%$0$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Orange County

NamePopulation
in 2019
Percent of County
French Lick1,7698.9%
Orleans2,11810.7%
Paoli3,62618.3%
West Baden Springs5612.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph