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St. Joseph County, Indiana

Named by early missionaries for the St. Josesph River and organized in 1830

County Seat: South Bend

Largest City: South Bend (2023 population: 103,395)

Population per Square Mile: 595.87

Square Miles: 457.90

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)272,91254.2%6,484,050
Today (2023)272,84854.0%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*271,91253.9%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today-0.0%29 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-67188 4,599
Net International Migration7636 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)46076.1%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2022NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)16,61656.1%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)45,893516.9%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)31,688611.6%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)69,533525.5%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)62,408522.9%24.5%
Seniors (65 and older)46,096516.9%16.9%
Median Age36.7  Median Age = 38.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2022NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone1,56340.6%0.4%
Asian Alone7,68882.8%2.8%
Black Alone37,726413.9%10.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone23460.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups9,55043.5%2.4%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (Includes detail not shown below)107,4665100.0%100.0%
Married With Children17,380616.2%18.1%
Married Without Children28,273526.3%29.6%
Single Parents10,40649.7%9.0%
Living Alone36,554434.0%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)118,9095100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)118,0755100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2022)$165,70040  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2022)$79813  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 43,90453.9%1,124,094
Adults (25+ in 2022 ACS)177,62153.9%4,532,091
with High School diploma or higher90.9%32 90%
with B.A. or higher degree32%11 28.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$56,6882097.2%58,323
Median Household Income in 202261,0286391.4%$66,768
Poverty Rate in 202213.2%30105.6%12.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1817.7%29114.9%15.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202214343.6%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 202228,24244.6%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/202320,20143.9%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20213,22754.0%79,946
Births to Teens, 202117254.5%3,845
Deaths, 20192,82444.3%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force132,30053.9%3,401,387
Annual Unemployment Rate3.99118.2%3.3
April 2024 Unemployment Rate4.011117.6%3.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work161,256100.0%$10,443,935100.0%$64,766
Wage and Salary129,87180.5%$7,525,32972.1%$57,945
Farm Proprietors5560.3%$27,6060.3%$49,651
Nonfarm Proprietors30,82919.1%$1,327,79512.7%$43,070
  Accommodation, Food Serv.11,8747.4%$347,8133.3%$29,292
  Arts, Ent., Recreation3,5822.2%$110,9931.1%$30,986
  Health Care, Social Serv.23,11714.3%$1,773,45817.0%$76,717
  Professional, Tech. Serv.8,4615.2%$1,017,4609.7%$120,253
  Retail Trade16,22710.1%$665,2686.4%$40,998
  Trans., Warehousing7,1834.5%$329,7133.2%$45,902
  Wholesale Trade7,1784.5%$638,1756.1%$88,907
  Other Private (not above)45,490*28.2%*$2,594,955*24.8%*$57,045*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed291100.0%100.0%$117,496$7,695,489
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$40,460
5+ Family186.2%34.2%$3,687$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in St. Joseph County

in 2023
Percent of County
Indian Village1170.0%
New Carlisle1,9100.7%
North Liberty1,6250.6%
South Bend103,39537.9%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph