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Shelby County, Indiana

Named after the first governor of Kentucky, Isaac Shelby, and organized in 1822

County Seat: Shelbyville

Largest City: Shelbyville (2023 population: 20,609)

Population per Square Mile: 110.02

Square Miles: 411.10

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)45,055330.7%6,484,050
Today (2023)45,231330.7%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*45,039340.6%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today0.4%31 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-1470 4,599
Net International Migration8623 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-3143-0.4%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2022NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)2,434385.4%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)7,5363616.8%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)3,539397.9%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)10,8363324.1%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)12,2243027.2%24.5%
Seniors (65 and older)8,4223218.7%16.9%
Median Age41.6  Median Age = 38.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2022NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone166400.4%0.4%
Asian Alone418310.9%2.8%
Black Alone742351.6%10.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone67210.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups676331.5%2.4%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (Includes detail not shown below)18,03431100.0%100.0%
Married With Children3,6573220.3%18.1%
Married Without Children5,9563133.0%29.6%
Single Parents1,285387.1%9.0%
Living Alone5,1063128.3%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)19,88433100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)19,45833100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2022)$170,00035  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2022)$72721  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 7,548330.7%1,124,094
Adults (25+ in 2022 ACS)31,447330.7%4,532,091
with High School diploma or higher89.1%56 90%
with B.A. or higher degree19.6%41 28.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$52,4014489.8%58,323
Median Household Income in 202266,0453898.9%$66,768
Poverty Rate in 202214.1%21112.8%12.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1818.7%22121.4%15.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202224310.6%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 20223,286330.5%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/20233,821290.7%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2021486380.6%79,946
Births to Teens, 202125340.7%3,845
Deaths, 2019473350.7%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force23,965290.7%3,401,387
Annual Unemployment Rate2.86884.8%3.3
April 2024 Unemployment Rate2.96385.3%3.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work24,037100.0%$1,361,100100.0%$56,625
Wage and Salary18,48476.9%$995,95173.2%$53,882
Farm Proprietors4511.9%$39,2262.9%$86,976
Nonfarm Proprietors5,10221.2%$112,2448.2%$22,000
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1,5006.2%$35,2552.6%$23,503
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,0434.3%$54,9664.0%$52,700
  Health Care, Social Serv.1,6907.0%$97,5367.2%$57,714
  Professional, Tech. Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Retail Trade1,9798.2%$69,8025.1%$35,271
  Trans., Warehousing1,5256.3%$82,3296.0%$53,986
  Wholesale Trade6672.8%$49,0523.6%$73,541
  Other Private (not above)5,078*21.1%*$192,031*14.1%*$37,816*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed91100.0%100.0%$29,659$7,695,489
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$40,460
5+ Family1112.1%34.2%$2,572$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Shelby County

in 2023
Percent of County
St. Paul3740.8%*
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph