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Tippecanoe County, Indiana

Named for the famous 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe, the Tippecanoe River and organized in 1826

County Seat: Lafayette

Largest City: Lafayette (2023 population: 71,216)

Population per Square Mile: 377.74

Square Miles: 499.80

Go to county's site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)186,25172.9%6,484,050
Today (2023)188,79272.8%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*213,87073.0%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today1.4%12 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-2,04991 4,599
Net International Migration1,9252 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)66158.8%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2022NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)10,31185.5%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)27,3901114.5%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)45,738224.2%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)46,624924.7%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)35,1301118.6%24.5%
Seniors (65 and older)23,5241212.5%16.9%
Median Age28.8  Median Age = 38.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2022NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone76470.4%0.4%
Asian Alone15,69248.3%2.8%
Black Alone12,231106.5%10.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone116110.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups4,75582.5%2.4%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (Includes detail not shown below)73,3277100.0%100.0%
Married With Children12,3301016.8%18.1%
Married Without Children17,4001123.7%29.6%
Single Parents5,60687.6%9.0%
Living Alone23,902732.6%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)81,7757100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)78,1058100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2022)$199,30017  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2022)$8499  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 25,977112.3%1,124,094
Adults (25+ in 2022 ACS)103,685112.3%4,532,091
with High School diploma or higher92%20 90%
with B.A. or higher degree39.1%5 28.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$47,3987481.3%58,323
Median Household Income in 202256,0888184.0%$66,768
Poverty Rate in 202219.2%2153.6%12.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1814.9%4596.8%15.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202274121.9%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 202213,88492.3%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/202311,30492.2%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20212,02282.5%79,946
Births to Teens, 20219872.5%3,845
Deaths, 20191,221151.8%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force99,11872.9%3,401,387
Annual Unemployment Rate2.96187.9%3.3
April 2024 Unemployment Rate3.05788.2%3.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work122,534100.0%$7,249,964100.0%$59,167
Wage and Salary102,08183.3%$5,493,82175.8%$53,818
Farm Proprietors5500.4%$26,0880.4%$47,433
Nonfarm Proprietors19,90316.2%$433,8916.0%$21,800
  Accommodation, Food Serv.9,7918.0%$255,9443.5%$26,141
  Arts, Ent., Recreation1,6961.4%$23,0820.3%$13,610
  Health Care, Social Serv.13,88311.3%$975,28013.5%$70,250
  Professional, Tech. Serv.6,0134.9%$426,7995.9%$70,979
  Retail Trade10,5908.6%$387,1475.3%$36,558
  Trans., Warehousing4,5573.7%$192,6402.7%$42,273
  Wholesale Trade2,4232.0%$195,2722.7%$80,591
  Other Private (not above)23,794*19.4%*$891,103*12.3%*$37,451*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed2,004100.0%100.0%$391,282$7,695,489
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$40,460
5+ Family1,58579.1%34.2%$239,058$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Tippecanoe County

in 2023
Percent of County
Battle Ground1,8791.0%
Clarks Hill6130.3%
West Lafayette44,82923.7%
* This place crosses county lines, so only population in this county is shown.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph