STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Union County, Indiana

Organized in 1821 from pieces of Fayette, Franklin and Wayne counties and named for the resulting "union"

County Seat: Liberty

Largest City: Liberty (2020 population: 2,000)

Population per Square Mile: 44.16

Square Miles: 161.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)7,516910.1%6,484,050
Today (2020)7,119910.1%6,754,953
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*7,663910.1%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-5.3%85 4.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2019-2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-2345 1,323
Net International Migration757 8,743
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)0450.0%13,740

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)389915.5%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)1,0939115.4%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)555917.8%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)1,6349123.0%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)2,0039128.1%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)1,4459120.3%16.5%
Median Age43.5  Median Age = 38.0

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone21910.3%0.4%
Asian Alone30890.4%2.7%
Black Alone69891.0%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone5750.1%0.1%
White6,8839196.7%84.5%
Two or More Race Groups111881.6%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic6,9399197.5%92.6%
Hispanic180902.5%7.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (Includes detail not shown below)2,82391100.0%100.0%
Married With Children5449119.3%18.5%
Married Without Children9749234.5%29.7%
Single Parents206907.3%9.3%
Living Alone8269029.3%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2020 (estimate)3,28691100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)3,25691100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,0329162.4%61.5%
Median Value (2019)$116,30055  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
7918924.3%27.5%
Median Rent (2019)$54343  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2019/2020 Total Reported) 1,287910.1%1,111,333
Public1,287910.1%1,050,614
Adults (25+ in 2019 ACS)5,038910.1%4,430,493
with High School diploma or higher87.4%64 88.8%
with B.A. or higher degree18.5%37 26.5%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$40,6596883.5%48,678
Median Household Income in 201953,8666193.5%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 20199.6%5880.7%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1813.4%5688.7%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202012830.2%6,657
Food Stamp Recipients in 2020564900.1%659,095
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/2020670900.1%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 201769920.1%82,170
Births to Teens, 20175860.1%5,152
Deaths, 201781890.1%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force3,443910.1%3,319,010
Employed3,254910.1%3,082,982
Unemployed189920.1%236,028
Annual Unemployment Rate5.57777.5%7.1
June 2021 Unemployment Rate3.18566.0%4.7

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work2,437100.0%$89,010100.0%$36,524
Wage and Salary1,51062.0%$50,70657.0%$33,580
Farm Proprietors1968.0%$2370.3%$1,209
Nonfarm Proprietors73130.0%$22,84425.7%$31,250
Farm2399.8%$1,0291.2%$4,305
Nonfarm2,19890.2%$87,98198.8%$40,028
Private1,76672.5%$67,78376.2%$38,382
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1445.9%$3,6364.1%$25,250
  Arts, Ent., Recreation120.5%$8501.0%$70,833
  Construction1727.1%$7,2878.2%$42,366
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  InformationData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Manufacturing26711.0%$14,72816.5%$55,161
  Professional, Tech. Serv.652.7%$2,0952.4%$32,231
  Retail Trade28511.7%$7,5398.5%$26,453
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade602.5%$2,8633.2%$47,717
  Other Private (not above)375*15.4%*$8,737*9.8%*$23,299*
Government43217.7%$20,19822.7%$46,755

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2020UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed12100.0%100.0%$1,858$5,872,297
Single-Family12100.0%76.2%$1,858$5,209,930
2-Family00.0%2.5%0$83,895
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.8%$0$25,965
5+ Family00.0%20.6%$0$552,508

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Union County

NamePopulation
in 2020
Percent of County
Liberty2,00028.1%
West College Corner6298.8%
city graph