STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Union County, Indiana

Organized in 1821 from pieces of Fayette, Franklin and Wayne counties and named for the resulting "union"

County Seat: Liberty

Largest City: Liberty (2021 population: 1,995)

Population per Square Mile: 43.72

Square Miles: 161.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)7,516910.1%6,484,050
Today (2021)7,047910.1%6,805,985
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*7,663910.1%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-6.2%86 5.0%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-3972 14,280
Net International Migration264 4,756
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-624-0.9%692

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)389915.5%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)1,0939115.4%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)555917.8%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)1,6349123.0%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)2,0039128.1%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)1,4459120.3%16.5%
Median Age43.5  Median Age = 38.0

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone21910.3%0.4%
Asian Alone30890.4%2.7%
Black Alone69891.0%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone5750.1%0.1%
White6,8839196.7%84.5%
Two or More Race Groups111881.6%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic6,9399197.5%92.6%
Hispanic180902.5%7.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2020 (Includes detail not shown below)2,84891100.0%100.0%
Married With Children5608919.7%18.3%
Married Without Children1,1459040.2%29.8%
Single Parents198917.0%9.3%
Living Alone6979224.5%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)3,25191100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2020 (includes vacant units)3,26691100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,1749166.6%62.3%
Median Value (2020)$128,20048  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
6749020.6%27.4%
Median Rent (2020)$57537  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2020/2021 Total Reported) 1,315900.1%1,112,460
Public1,315900.1%1,033,286
Adults (25+ in 2020 ACS)5,101910.1%4,466,180
with High School diploma or higher87.7%68 89.3%
with B.A. or higher degree19.2%37 27.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2020$43,6267084.0%51,926
Median Household Income in 201953,8666193.5%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 20199.6%5880.7%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1813.4%5688.7%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202111840.2%6,453
Food Stamp Recipients in 2021538900.1%636,675
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/2020670900.1%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 201999900.1%80,859
Births to Teens, 20175860.1%5,152
Deaths, 201980910.1%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force3,471910.1%3,321,548
Employed3,389910.1%3,203,166
Unemployed82910.1%118,382
Annual Unemployment Rate2.48666.7%3.6
May 2022 Unemployment Rate2.07280.0%2.5

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2020 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work2,258100.0%$96,190100.0%$42,600
Wage and Salary1,38761.4%$49,66851.6%$35,810
Farm Proprietors1948.6%$11,56412.0%$59,608
Nonfarm Proprietors67730.0%$20,15721.0%$29,774
Farm23310.3%$12,29312.8%$52,760
Nonfarm2,02589.7%$83,89787.2%$41,431
Private1,62572.0%$64,43867.0%$39,654
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1366.0%$3,2973.4%$24,243
  Arts, Ent., Recreation110.5%$1920.2%$17,455
  Construction1577.0%$6,9207.2%$44,076
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  InformationData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Manufacturing22910.1%$12,57613.1%$54,917
  Professional, Tech. Serv.572.5%$1,9712.0%$34,579
  Retail Trade27712.3%$7,6578.0%$27,643
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade542.4%$2,7722.9%$51,333
  Other Private (not above)346*15.3%*$9,016*9.4%*$26,058*
Government40017.7%$19,45920.2%$48,648

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed8100.0%100.0%$1,565$7,583,249
Single-Family8100.0%74.4%$1,565$6,692,956
2-Family00.0%2.4%0$117,031
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$30,324
5+ Family00.0%22.7%$0$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Union County

NamePopulation
in 2021
Percent of County
Liberty1,99528.3%
West College Corner5407.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph