STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Union County, Indiana

Organized in 1821 from pieces of Fayette, Franklin and Wayne counties and named for the resulting "union"

County Seat: Liberty

Largest City: Liberty (2020 population: 2,000)

Population per Square Mile: 44.16

Square Miles: 161.20

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)7,516910.1%6,484,050
Today (2020)7,119910.1%6,754,953
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*7,663910.1%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-5.3%85 4.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2019-2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-2345 1,323
Net International Migration757 8,743
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)0450.0%13,740

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)389915.5%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)1,0939115.4%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)555917.8%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)1,6349123.0%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)2,0039128.1%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)1,4459120.3%16.5%
Median Age43.5  Median Age = 38.0

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone21910.3%0.4%
Asian Alone30890.4%2.7%
Black Alone69891.0%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone5750.1%0.1%
White6,8839196.7%84.5%
Two or More Race Groups111881.6%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic6,9399197.5%92.6%
Hispanic180902.5%7.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (Includes detail not shown below)2,82391100.0%100.0%
Married With Children5449119.3%18.5%
Married Without Children9749234.5%29.7%
Single Parents206907.3%9.3%
Living Alone8269029.3%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2020 (estimate)3,28691100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)3,25691100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,0329162.4%61.5%
Median Value (2019)$116,30055  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
7918924.3%27.5%
Median Rent (2019)$54343  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2020/2021 Total Reported) 1,315900.1%1,112,460
Public1,315900.1%1,033,286
Adults (25+ in 2019 ACS)5,038910.1%4,430,493
with High School diploma or higher87.4%64 88.8%
with B.A. or higher degree18.5%37 26.5%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2020$43,6267084.0%51,926
Median Household Income in 201953,8666193.5%$57,617
Poverty Rate in 20199.6%5880.7%11.9%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1813.4%5688.7%15.1%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202012830.2%6,657
Food Stamp Recipients in 2020564900.1%659,095
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/2020670900.1%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 201999900.1%80,859
Births to Teens, 20175860.1%5,152
Deaths, 201980910.1%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2020NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force3,443910.1%3,319,010
Employed3,254910.1%3,082,982
Unemployed189920.1%236,028
Annual Unemployment Rate5.57777.5%7.1
October 2021 Unemployment Rate1.59160.0%2.5

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2020 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work2,258100.0%$96,190100.0%$42,600
Wage and Salary1,38761.4%$49,66851.6%$35,810
Farm Proprietors1948.6%$11,56412.0%$59,608
Nonfarm Proprietors67730.0%$20,15721.0%$29,774
Farm23310.3%$12,29312.8%$52,760
Nonfarm2,02589.7%$83,89787.2%$41,431
Private1,62572.0%$64,43867.0%$39,654
  Accommodation, Food Serv.1366.0%$3,2973.4%$24,243
  Arts, Ent., Recreation110.5%$1920.2%$17,455
  Construction1577.0%$6,9207.2%$44,076
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  InformationData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Manufacturing22910.1%$12,57613.1%$54,917
  Professional, Tech. Serv.572.5%$1,9712.0%$34,579
  Retail Trade27712.3%$7,6578.0%$27,643
  Trans., WarehousingData not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade542.4%$2,7722.9%$51,333
  Other Private (not above)346*15.3%*$9,016*9.4%*$26,058*
Government40017.7%$19,45920.2%$48,648

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2020UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed12100.0%100.0%$1,858$5,872,297
Single-Family12100.0%76.2%$1,858$5,209,930
2-Family00.0%2.5%0$83,895
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.8%$0$25,965
5+ Family00.0%20.6%$0$552,508

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Union County

NamePopulation
in 2020
Percent of County
Liberty2,00028.1%
West College Corner6298.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph