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Vigo County, Indiana

Organized in 1818 and named for Francis Vigo of Revolutionary War fame

County Seat: Terre Haute

Largest City: Terre Haute (2023 population: 58,502)

Population per Square Mile: 263.21

Square Miles: 403.30

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)106,153171.6%6,484,050
Today (2023)106,153171.5%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*107,777171.5%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today0.0%60 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-3474 4,599
Net International Migration16115 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-5956-0.8%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2022NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)5,629165.3%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)15,8671615.0%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)16,1291115.2%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)26,2031624.7%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)23,7621722.4%24.5%
Seniors (65 and older)18,4161717.4%16.9%
Median Age36.3  Median Age = 38.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2022NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone446170.4%0.4%
Asian Alone2,294152.2%2.8%
Black Alone7,369157.0%10.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone72190.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups2,824172.7%2.4%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (Includes detail not shown below)42,75617100.0%100.0%
Married With Children5,7272013.4%18.1%
Married Without Children11,3441726.5%29.6%
Single Parents4,4341610.4%9.0%
Living Alone14,6601234.3%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)46,94117100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)46,94617100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2022)$130,30071  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2022)$63439  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 14,159181.3%1,124,094
Adults (25+ in 2022 ACS)68,381171.5%4,532,091
with High School diploma or higher90.5%38 90%
with B.A. or higher degree25.6%17 28.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$45,9758078.8%58,323
Median Household Income in 202252,2869078.3%$66,768
Poverty Rate in 202218.5%4148.0%12.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1820.5%10133.1%15.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 20228672.2%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 202214,07072.3%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/20238,286161.6%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20211,136151.4%79,946
Births to Teens, 20217892.0%3,845
Deaths, 20191,175161.8%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force45,640171.3%3,401,387
Annual Unemployment Rate3.813115.2%3.3
April 2024 Unemployment Rate3.913114.7%3.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work59,246100.0%$3,386,312100.0%$57,157
Wage and Salary49,81384.1%$2,503,79673.9%$50,264
Farm Proprietors3880.7%$14,8030.4%$38,152
Nonfarm Proprietors9,04515.3%$287,9018.5%$31,830
  Accommodation, Food Serv.5,4359.2%$139,4554.1%$25,659
  Arts, Ent., Recreation8531.4%$14,3220.4%$16,790
  Health Care, Social Serv.9,04815.3%$694,01220.5%$76,703
  Professional, Tech. Serv.1,7603.0%$110,2113.3%$62,620
  Retail Trade7,28712.3%$271,1778.0%$37,214
  Trans., Warehousing2,5974.4%$132,0393.9%$50,843
  Wholesale Trade1,5762.7%$121,6573.6%$77,194
  Other Private (not above)12,76221.5%$647,89319.1%$50,767

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed47100.0%100.0%$9,250$7,695,489
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$40,460
5+ Family00.0%34.2%$0$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Vigo County

in 2023
Percent of County
Terre Haute58,50255.1%
West Terre Haute2,1512.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph