STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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Washington County, Indiana

Organized in 1814 and named in honor of George Washington

County Seat: Salem

Largest City: Salem (2023 population: 6,437)

Population per Square Mile: 54.91

Square Miles: 513.70

Go to county's in.gov site

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)28,182560.4%6,484,050
Today (2023)28,205570.4%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*27,853570.4%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today0.1%48 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration10042 4,599
Net International Migration1257 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-7866-1.0%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2022NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)1,581585.6%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)4,7225716.7%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)2,165597.7%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)6,7795524.0%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)7,7075327.3%24.5%
Seniors (65 and older)5,2705918.7%16.9%
Median Age41.8  Median Age = 38.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2022NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone92640.3%0.4%
Asian Alone85730.3%2.8%
Black Alone204670.7%10.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone6710.0%0.1%
White27,4875697.4%84.0%
Two or More Race Groups350611.2%2.4%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic27,7945598.5%92.1%
Hispanic430731.5%7.9%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (Includes detail not shown below)10,88257100.0%100.0%
Married With Children1,7096115.7%18.1%
Married Without Children3,9725236.5%29.6%
Single Parents1,1404510.5%9.0%
Living Alone2,7725925.5%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)12,28157100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)12,14957100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
8,8365472.7%63.5%
Median Value (2022)$158,20047  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,0466316.8%27.1%
Median Rent (2022)$48090  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 4,025630.4%1,124,094
Public4,025590.4%1,035,718
Adults (25+ in 2022 ACS)19,598560.4%4,532,091
with High School diploma or higher87.5%71 90%
with B.A. or higher degree14.1%78 28.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$49,6376385.1%58,323
Median Household Income in 202265,3424197.9%$66,768
Poverty Rate in 202212.6%40100.8%12.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1818.2%26118.2%15.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202219370.5%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 20222,141530.4%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/20232,054560.4%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2021322550.4%79,946
Births to Teens, 202121430.5%3,845
Deaths, 2019315570.5%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force13,956560.4%3,401,387
Employed13,530560.4%3,288,017
Unemployed426560.4%113,370
Annual Unemployment Rate3.14593.9%3.3
April 2024 Unemployment Rate3.24294.1%3.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work10,226100.0%$528,521100.0%$51,684
Wage and Salary6,59064.4%$285,34954.0%$43,300
Farm Proprietors7096.9%$101,66219.2%$143,388
Nonfarm Proprietors2,92728.6%$74,61114.1%$25,491
Farm7797.6%$104,79319.8%$134,522
Nonfarm9,44792.4%$423,72880.2%$44,853
Private8,23780.5%$356,19867.4%$43,244
  Accommodation, Food Serv.5595.5%$11,8372.2%$21,175
  Arts, Ent., Recreation700.7%$5640.1%$8,057
  Construction9559.3%$53,79710.2%$56,332
  Health Care, Social Serv.Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Information650.6%$3,6850.7%$56,692
  Manufacturing1,41613.8%$98,76918.7%$69,752
  Professional, Tech. Serv.2912.8%$11,6352.2%$39,983
  Retail Trade1,40613.7%$53,69510.2%$38,190
  Trans., Warehousing2722.7%$9,7771.8%$35,945
  Wholesale Trade1621.6%$7,7521.5%$47,852
  Other Private (not above)2,202*21.5%*$62,691*11.9%*$28,470*
Government1,21011.8%$67,53012.8%$55,810

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed22100.0%100.0%$6,467$7,695,489
Single-Family22100.0%63.0%$6,467$5,961,199
2-Family00.0%2.0%0$99,053
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$40,460
5+ Family00.0%34.2%$0$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Washington County

NamePopulation
in 2023
Percent of County
Campbellsburg5361.9%
Little York1880.7%
Livonia980.3%
New Pekin1,3234.7%
Salem6,43722.8%
Saltillo980.3%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph