STATS Indiana

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Wayne County, Indiana

Named for General Anthony Wayne, victor of the 1794 Battle of the Fallen Timbers

County Seat: Richmond

Largest City: Richmond (2023 population: 35,425)

Population per Square Mile: 164.62

Square Miles: 401.70

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Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)66,553261.0%6,484,050
Today (2023)66,127261.0%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*63,583260.9%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today-0.6%75 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration2358 4,599
Net International Migration8327 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-19586-2.6%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2022NumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)4,035246.1%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)10,8392616.4%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)6,060249.1%9.9%
Young Adult (25 to 44)15,4322623.3%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)16,9062625.5%24.5%
Seniors (65 and older)13,0012419.6%16.9%
Median Age40.8  Median Age = 38.2

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2022NumberRank of Pct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone268270.4%0.4%
Asian Alone786251.2%2.8%
Black Alone3,342225.0%10.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone49250.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups2,253193.4%2.4%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (Includes detail not shown below)27,15923100.0%100.0%
Married With Children4,2432615.6%18.1%
Married Without Children7,9692629.3%29.6%
Single Parents3,0141911.1%9.0%
Living Alone7,9852329.4%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank in StatePct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)30,76723100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)30,78223100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Value (2022)$119,40081  
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
Median Rent (2022)$57062  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 10,283280.9%1,124,094
Adults (25+ in 2022 ACS)45,558251.0%4,532,091
with High School diploma or higher88%68 90%
with B.A. or higher degree19%46 28.2%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$49,5706485.0%58,323
Median Household Income in 202251,6229177.3%$66,768
Poverty Rate in 202217.8%7142.4%12.5%
Poverty Rate among Children under 1823.8%3154.5%15.4%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202270141.8%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 20228,837161.4%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/20235,862191.1%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 2021781241.0%79,946
Births to Teens, 202138231.0%3,845
Deaths, 2019881211.3%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force29,586270.9%3,401,387
Annual Unemployment Rate3.428103.0%3.3
April 2024 Unemployment Rate3.816111.8%3.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in County
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In County
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work38,753100.0%$2,096,342100.0%$54,095
Wage and Salary31,81482.1%$1,512,26072.1%$47,534
Farm Proprietors6621.7%$37,9721.8%$57,360
Nonfarm Proprietors6,27716.2%$195,9469.3%$31,217
  Accommodation, Food Serv.3,0557.9%$76,5643.7%$25,062
  Arts, Ent., Recreation3941.0%$7,2580.3%$18,421
  Health Care, Social Serv.6,40116.5%$486,31423.2%$75,975
  Professional, Tech. Serv.9732.5%$55,0082.6%$56,534
  Retail Trade4,25411.0%$151,4167.2%$35,594
  Trans., Warehousing1,3663.5%$71,4933.4%$52,337
  Wholesale Trade8962.3%$70,1323.3%$78,272
  Other Private (not above)8,146*21.0%*$346,433*16.5%*$42,528*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in County
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed35100.0%100.0%$14,458$7,695,489
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$40,460
5+ Family00.0%34.2%$0$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Wayne County

in 2023
Percent of County
Cambridge City1,7292.6%
East Germantown2620.4%
Fountain City7071.1%
Greens Fork3280.5%
Mount Auburn1250.2%
Spring Grove3310.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph