STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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South Central Indiana Economic Development Region

Counties include: Bartholomew, Clark, Decatur, Floyd, Harrison, Jackson, Jefferson, Jennings, Scott, Washington

Largest City: Columbus (2023 population: 51,522)

Population per Square Mile: 138.3

Square Miles: 3,735.4

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2020)509,66517.5%6,785,528
Today (2023)516,68417.5%6,862,199
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*526,57917.5%7,014,880
Percent Change 2020 to Today1.4%1 1.1%

*Projection based on 2015 Census population estimates.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2022-2023NumberRank of 1Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration2,1031 4,599
Net International Migration1,2531 17,869
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-4871-6.5%7,508

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2023NumberRank of 1Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)29,81315.8%5.9%
School Age (5 to 17)87,197116.9%17.2%
College Age (18 to 24)41,02817.9%9.6%
Young Adult (25 to 44)133,299125.8%25.8%
Older Adult (45 to 64)132,875125.7%24.2%
Seniors (65 and older)92,472117.9%17.2%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2023NumberRank of 1Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone2,56710.5%0.5%
Asian Alone11,76112.3%2.9%
Black Alone20,69414.0%10.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone60710.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups10,98612.1%2.5%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 1Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2022 (includes detail not shown below)198,0721100.0%100.0%
Married With Children35,560218.0%18.1%
Married Without Children62,637131.6%29.6%
Single Parents17,15218.7%9.0%
Living Alone55,814128.2%29.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 1Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2023 (estimate)225,1591100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2022 (includes vacant units)218,8291100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)147,431167.4%63.5%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)50,641123.1%27.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 1Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2022/2023 Total Reported) 84,70117.5%1,124,094

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 1Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2022$54,607193.6%$58,323
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202230917.9%3,933
Food Stamp Recipients in 202236,87916.0%611,203
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2022/202338,93717.6%511,735

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 1Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20215,83217.3%79,946
Births to Teens, 202129317.6%3,845
Deaths, 20195,50518.3%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2023NumberRank of 1Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force261,06417.7%3,401,387
Annual Unemployment Rate3.0190.9%3.3
May 2024 Unemployment Rate3.6192.3%3.9

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2022 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work292,418100.0%$17,518,431100.0%$59,909
Wage and Salary234,97380.4%$12,945,67873.9%$55,094
Farm Proprietors4,9671.7%$291,9511.7%$58,778
Nonfarm Proprietors52,47817.9%$1,474,7268.4%$28,102
  Accommodation, Food Serv.21,2817.3%$614,6653.5%$28,883
  Arts, Ent., Recreation3,4451.2%$58,6460.3%$17,024
  Health Care, Social Serv.23,368*8.0%*$1,608,650*9.2%*$68,840*
  Professional, Tech. Serv.9,889*3.4%*$601,553*3.4%*$60,831*
  Retail Trade29,77010.2%$1,191,8356.8%$40,035
  Trans., Warehousing20,2886.9%$1,148,8136.6%$56,625
  Wholesale Trade8,043*2.8%*$919,373*5.2%*$114,307*
  Other Private (not above)59,058*20.2%*$2,641,370*15.1%*$44,725*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2023UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed2,348100.0%100.0%$550,779$7,695,489
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.9%$0$40,460
5+ Family90338.5%34.2%$122,617$1,594,777

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in South Central Indiana Economic Development Region

in 2023
Percent of Region
New Albany37,3297.2%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph