STATS Indiana

Indiana's Public Data Utility

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South Central Indiana Economic Development Region

Counties include: Bartholomew, Clark, Decatur, Floyd, Harrison, Jackson, Jefferson, Jennings, Scott, Washington

Largest City: Columbus (2021 population: 50,569)

Population per Square Mile: 136.8

Square Miles: 3,735.4

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)482,43817.4%6,484,050
Today (2021)510,82217.5%6,805,985
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*533,09917.5%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today5.9%1 5.0%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2020-2021NumberRank of 1Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration1,4691 14,280
Net International Migration3241 4,756
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)-5991-86.6%692

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2021NumberRank of 1Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)30,08915.9%6.0%
School Age (5 to 17)86,692117.0%17.3%
College Age (18 to 24)40,04517.8%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)131,661125.8%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)135,243126.5%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)87,092117.0%16.4%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2021NumberRank of 1Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone2,25710.4%0.4%
Asian Alone11,81712.3%2.7%
Black Alone19,62213.8%10.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone48110.1%0.1%
White466,612191.3%84.2%
Two or More Race Groups10,03312.0%2.3%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    
Non-Hispanic485,411195.0%92.3%
Hispanic25,41115.0%7.7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 1Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2020 (includes detail not shown below)191,4151100.0%100.0%
Married With Children35,021218.3%18.3%
Married Without Children61,678132.2%29.8%
Single Parents15,89618.3%9.3%
Living Alone53,605128.0%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 1Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2021 (estimate)220,6211100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2020 (includes vacant units)216,5461100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)140,408164.8%62.3%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)51,007123.6%27.4%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 1Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2021/2022 Total Reported) 83,78917.5%1,120,155
Public77,26917.5%1,036,519

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 1Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2021$54,146195.8%$56,497
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202144316.9%6,453
Food Stamp Recipients in 202138,24316.0%636,675
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2021/202234,35017.1%481,568

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 1Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20195,93517.3%80,859
Births to Teens, 201741318.0%5,152
Deaths, 20195,50518.3%66,005

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2021NumberRank of 1Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force255,87117.7%3,321,548
Employed248,09317.7%3,203,166
Unemployed7,77816.6%118,382
Annual Unemployment Rate3.0183.3%3.6
October 2022 Unemployment Rate2.5189.3%2.8

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2021 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work280,109100.0%$16,250,890100.0%$58,016
Wage and Salary227,37781.2%$11,803,46272.6%$51,911
Farm Proprietors5,0271.8%$227,9851.4%$45,352
Nonfarm Proprietors47,70517.0%$1,438,1368.8%$30,146
Farm5,8372.1%$257,1151.6%$44,049
Nonfarm274,27297.9%$15,993,77598.4%$58,314
Private243,76387.0%$14,098,60986.8%$57,837
  Accommodation, Food Serv.19,3976.9%$502,7843.1%$25,921
  Arts, Ent., Recreation4,2141.5%$115,3570.7%$27,375
  Construction14,984*5.3%*$920,447*5.7%*$61,429*
  Health Care, Social Serv.22,131*7.9%*$1,481,896*9.1%*$66,960*
  Information1,245*0.4%*$77,529*0.5%*$62,272*
  Manufacturing56,10020.0%$4,693,00728.9%$83,654
  Professional, Tech. Serv.8,855*3.2%*$516,176*3.2%*$58,292*
  Retail Trade29,36710.5%$1,117,7186.9%$38,060
  Trans., Warehousing18,9266.8%$1,153,9057.1%$60,969
  Wholesale Trade7,670*2.7%*$774,459*4.8%*$100,972*
  Other Private (not above)51,012*18.2%*$2,331,194*14.3%*$45,699*
Government30,50910.9%$1,895,16611.7%$62,118

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2021UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed2,733100.0%100.0%$572,349$7,583,249
Single-Family1,99372.9%74.4%$501,650$6,692,956
2-Family140.5%2.4%$1,594$117,031
3- and 4-Family00.0%0.4%$0$30,324
5+ Family72626.6%22.7%$69,105$742,937

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in South Central Indiana Economic Development Region

NamePopulation
in 2021
Percent of Region
Charlestown8,1471.6%
Clarksville22,0714.3%
Columbus50,5699.9%
Greensburg12,1932.4%
Jeffersonville50,3159.8%
Madison12,2662.4%
New Albany37,4117.3%
Scottsburg7,2671.4%
Sellersburg9,5831.9%
Seymour21,4894.2%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph