STATS Indiana

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Southwest Indiana Development Council

Counties include: Crawford, Daviess, Dubois, Knox, Martin, Orange, Perry, Pike, Posey, Spencer

Largest City: Vincennes (2020 population: 16,801)

Population per Square Mile: 58.4

Square Miles: 3,934.7

Population over TimeNumberRank in StatePercent of StateIndiana
Yesterday (2010)231,81913.6%6,484,050
Today (2020)229,96013.4%6,754,953
Tomorrow (2030 projection)*235,44513.3%7,143,795
Percent Change 2010 to Today-0.8%1 4.2%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2019-2020NumberRank of 1Percent of StateIndiana
Net Domestic Migration-5781 1,323
Net International Migration761 8,743
Natural Increase (births minus deaths)16311.2%13,740

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2020NumberRank of 1Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Preschool (0 to 4)14,22316.2%6.1%
School Age (5 to 17)39,350117.1%17.0%
College Age (18 to 24)19,07418.3%9.7%
Young Adult (25 to 44)53,286123.2%25.7%
Older Adult (45 to 64)60,180126.2%24.9%
Seniors (65 and older)43,847119.1%16.5%

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2020NumberRank of 1Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
American Indian or Alaska Native Alone93210.4%0.4%
Asian Alone1,39410.6%2.7%
Black Alone3,89911.7%10.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone17310.1%0.1%
Two or More Race Groups2,67611.2%2.2%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household TypesNumberRank of 1Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Households in 2019 (includes detail not shown below)90,1041100.0%100.0%
Married With Children17,290219.2%18.5%
Married Without Children30,663134.0%29.7%
Single Parents6,70417.4%9.3%
Living Alone25,482128.3%29.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

HousingNumberRank of 1Pct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Total Housing Units in 2020 (estimate)103,0701100.0%100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2019 (includes vacant units)102,2191100.0%100.0%
Owner Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)68,529167.0%61.5%
Renter Occupied (Pct. distribution based on all housing units)21,575121.1%27.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

EducationNumberRank of 1Percent of StateIndiana
School Enrollment (2020/2021 Total Reported) 35,90513.2%1,112,460

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and PovertyNumberRank of 1Percent of StateIndiana
Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2019$45,975194.4%$48,678
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 202020113.0%6,657
Food Stamp Recipients in 202018,26712.8%659,095
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2019/202015,60113.1%507,739

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital StatisticsNumberRank of 1Percent of StateIndiana
Births, 20172,84313.5%82,170
Births to Teens, 201719613.8%5,152
Deaths, 20172,42013.7%65,602

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2020NumberRank of 1Percent of StateIndiana
Total Resident Labor Force114,50413.4%3,319,010
Annual Unemployment Rate5.6178.9%7.1
August 2021 Unemployment Rate3.2180.0%4.0

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2019 EmploymentPct Dist.
in Region
Earnings ($000)Pct Dist.
In Region
Avg. Earnings Per Job
Total by place of work135,185100.0%$7,207,106100.0%$53,313
Wage and Salary107,64379.6%$4,979,21469.1%$46,257
Farm Proprietors4,6193.4%$114,5421.6%$24,798
Nonfarm Proprietors22,92317.0%$774,85410.8%$33,802
  Accommodation, Food Serv.8,075*6.0%*$195,649*2.7%*$24,229*
  Arts, Ent., Recreation961*0.7%*$10,916*0.2%*$11,359*
  Health Care, Social Serv.3,415*2.5%*$180,638*2.5%*$52,895*
  Professional, Tech. Serv.3,446*2.5%*$199,707*2.8%*$57,953*
  Retail Trade12,126*9.0%*$388,268*5.4%*$32,019*
  Trans., Warehousing5,490*4.1%*$367,991*5.1%*$67,029*
  Wholesale Trade3,524*2.6%*$230,542*3.2%*$65,421*
  Other Private (not above)21,661*16.0%*$905,922*12.6%*$41,823*

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2020UnitsPct Dist.
in Region
Pct Dist.
in State
Cost ($000)State Cost ($000)
Total Permits Filed350100.0%100.0%$81,112$5,872,297
3- and 4-Family82.3%0.8%$1,360$25,965
5+ Family00.0%20.6%$0$552,508

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Southwest Indiana Development Council

in 2020
Percent of Region
Mount Vernon6,4262.8%
Santa Claus2,4041.0%
Tell City7,1793.1%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau annual population estimates

city graph